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Daily Archives: 17.10.2018

INKISHOFI FARDII ORGANIZMHO (ONTOGENEZ)

ontongez

Ontogenez inkishofi fardii organizmho, yane takrori filogenez dar shakli kutohu zud va yo inkishofi tarikhii namud ast, ki in fard ba on dokhil meshavad. Qonuni biogenetiki Ibtidoi organizmi navi hayvonot va rastani novobasta az tarzi afzoish az yak yo chand hujayra ogoz meyobad, ki onho faqat doroi hissachahoi irsi buda, …

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Tarz va tartibi pora kardani sabzavot

sabza-reza

Korkardi sabzavot mafhumi (az loy, qum, bargu puchoq) toza va pust kandan, pesh az pust kandan va badi on shustan, reza kardan va pukhtani onro ifoda menamoyad. hangomi ijroi in kor ba tarzi istifodai kord, ba bekhatarii on va asbobhoi garmibakhsh, qoidahoi behdoshtu behdor rioya karda, muvofiqi kharitai dasturdihiyu rasmhoi …

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Namudi Hurishho va tarzi tayor kardani onho

xurish

Hurish (Salat ba russi) az yak va yo chand namudi sabzavoti taru toza tayyor meshavad. Dar tayyor kardani khurishhoi omekhta barobari sabzavoti taru toza sabzavoti pukhta gushtu tukhmi objush, yo chakka, nakhudi sabz (mushushch) va gayra istifoda meshavad. Sabzavoti obpazshuda baroi tayyor namudani khurish zarur ast, ki bo pustash pukhta va …

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Panj jumla baroi dunyo va panj jumla baroi okhirat

ray-i-ad

Az Hazrati Burayda (raz) rivoyat shudaast, ki: Rasululloh (s) farmud: – Har kase dah kalimai zerinro hangomi fajr (pesh va yo bad az namozi bomdod) bikhonad, Hudovand dar haqash kofi va guyandai in kalimotro ajru podosh medihad. Avvalin panj kalima vobasta ba dunyo va panj kalimai digar vobasta ba okhirat …

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Rahoi az zindon – Nuskhai Nabavi

turma-beg

Dar «Sirat»-i Ibni Ishoq omadaast: Vaqte Hazrati Solim (raz) farzandi Avfi Ashjai (raz) dar asorati kofiron bud, Rasululloh, (s) farmud: Ba u khabar rasoned, ki «Lo havla va lo quvvata illo billoh»-ro bisyor bikhonad. Ruze hamin tavr nishasta bud, ki zanjirhoyash boz shudand va u az zindon khorij shuda shuturi …

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DAVRAI INKISHOFI JANINI

janin

Aksariyati hayvonoti serhujayra qati nazar az murakkabii sokht, zinai inkishofi janinro az sar meguzaronand. Davrai janini ba se marhila judo meshavad: taqsimshavi (porashavi) gastrulyatsiya va organogenez (inkishofi uzvho). Inkishofi organizm az davrai yakhujayragi ogoz meyobad. Tukhmi bordor – janin – zigota, ki organizm dar on vaqt dar marhilai avvali davrai …

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GASTRULYATSIYA CHIST?

7-2

Blastula az miqdori ziyodi blastameraho iborat buda (masalan, dar neshtarshaklho az 3000 hujayra), dar rafti inkishof ba davrai nav meguzarad, ki gastrula (az yunoni gastro – meda) nom dorad. Dar in davra janin az qabathoi judo-shudai hujayragi – bargchahoi janin iborat ast. Qabati beruniro ektoderma (az kalimai yunonii ecto – …

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Mafhumi korkardi garmii sabzavot

Baroi tayyor kardani taom az sabzavot hamai namudi korkardi garmro istifoda mebarand. Obpaz, dampaz, bugpaz va dar obi khudpukhta. Sabzavoti pukhtagiro baroi tayyor kardani khurishho, shurbo, taomhoi 2-um va baroi garnir istifoda mebarand. Tayyor kardani taomi kartoshkai obpaz Tajhizot: deg, chavli (drushlag), tagoracha, kordi tabbokhi, changak, qoshuq, tabaq, takhtachai rezakunanda. …

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Tekhnologiyai korkardi sabzavot

sabzavot-1

 Baroi korkardi kartoshka ijroi chunin amaliyotro dida meshavad: ba navjho judo kardan, shustan, toza kardan, giriftani qismhoi khurdanashavanda, takroran shustan, reza kardan va tayyor kardani masolehi nimtayyor (polufabrikat). Hamai in amaliyoti korro korkarda garm menomand. Paydarhamii korro rioya kardan lozim ast. Sabzavot va kartoshkaro dar obi ravon yo in na …

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