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KOLPIT

kolpitKOLPIT (Colpitis, vaginitis; az yun. kolpos – mahbal), vaginit, gazaki luobpardai mahbal. K. hangomi ba mahbal dokhil shudani mikroorganizmhoi bemoriovar (streptokokkho, stafilokokkho, gonokokkho, trikhomonadaho, zanburugho), dar natijai rioya nakardani qoidahoi gigienai shakhsi (mavridi istifodai dastmolu sachoqi umumi va g.) va mujomaat (aloqai jinsii tasodufi), az jismhoi begona zakhmdor shudani mahbal, hangomi isqot, zoish, enterobioz (kijja) va g. paydo meshavad. Gasli mahbal bo maqsadi peshgirii haml va bardavom istifoda burdani moddahoi khimiyavi niz ba inkishofi K. musoidat mekunand. Sust shudani kori tukhmdon, khususan dar davrai klimaks, dar paydoishi K. mavqei muhim dorad. K.-i zanburugi (barfaki mahbal) dar natijai muddati madid va benazorat istifoda burdani antibiotikho ba vujud meoyad. K. chun orizai noguvori khunoq, makhmalak, guludard (dar natijai bo ragi khun ba mahbal vorid shudani angezandai in kasaliho) niz paydo meshavad.
Obiyati mahbal, hissi vaznini dar poyoni shikam, khorish va suzishi mahbal nishonahoi K. meboshand. Hususiyati obiyat ba sababi bemori vobasta ast. Obiyati zard yo khokistarrang, galizu farovon, ki luobpardaro ba angezish meorad, oqibati az trikhomonada illat yoftani mahbal meboshad (nig. Trikhomonoz). Hangomi illati gonokokki (K.-i suzok) tarashshuh farovonu rimnok buda, pust va luobpardai uzvhoi jinsiro ba angezish meovarad. Dar asnoi K.-e, ki az tagyiri sinnusolii mahbal ba vujud omadaast (tunuk gashtani luobparda az sababi sust shudani kori tukhmdon), tarashshuhi khunolud paydo meshavad.
Hususiyati bemoriro tanho dukhtur muayyan karda metavonad. Az in ru mavridi paydoishi obiyati mahbal favran ba dukhturi ginekolog murojiat kardan zarur ast. Sarivaqt tabobat kardani bemori inkishofi orizai noguvorro peshgiri menamoyad. Dar holati tabobat nakardan, bemori boisi bo ham chaspidani devorai mahbal (khususan dar zanhoi solkhurda va dukhtarchaho) megardad.
Qoidahoi gigienai shakhsiro qati rioya namuda, inkishofi K.-ro peshgiri kardan mumkin ast. Hangomi kor dar sharoiti gardu changolud lozimi (izor) va libosi makhsus pushidan lozim. Baroi peshgirii K.-i trikhomonadi rioyai qoidahoi behdoshti aloqai jinsi va rejimi sanitariyu gigieni dar oila ahamiyati kalon dorad. Libosi tag, dandonshuyak, sachoq va g. boyad alohida va doimo toza boshand. In tadbir ba bemorii K. giriftor shudani dukhtarchahoro peshgiri menamoyad. Suiistemol az gasli mahbal va be tavsiyai dukhtur istifoda burdani on joiz nest. Pesh az istifodai doruhoi khimiyavii ziddi haml bo dukhtur maslihat kardan zarur ast. Zanhoi giriftori K. boyad zeri nazorati dukhtur boshand.

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