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FILIPPIN (asrhoi XVIII – XIX )

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Qismi ziyodi Filippinro Ispaniya khanuz dar okhirhoi asri XVI ishgol karda bud. Ispaniho dar Filippin rejimi mustamlikaviro tashkil kardand. Dar in kor kalisoi katoliki maqomi kalonro ijro mekard. On aholii in kishvarro zuran nasroni namuda, ba hukmronii mustamlikadoroni ispani yorii buzurg merasonid. Halqi Filippin ba taqdir tan namedod. On be …

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Harakat baroi islohot dar Filippin

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Nimai duyumi asri XIX dar tarikhi Filippin ba kharakati islohotkhohi dar in jo rost omad. General-gubernator Iskierdo, ki dar in vazifa az soli 1871 bud, bar ziddi mardumi mahalli jazohoi sakhtro ravo medid. Sadho ozodandeshoni filippini zindoni va yo az mamlakat ba joyhoi durdast badarga karda meshudand. Kosai sabri mardumi …

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Inqilobi Filippin

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To mohi avgusti soli 1896 tayyori ba shurishi musallah hanuz ba okhir narasida bud. “Katipunan” ba miqdori zaruri siloh ham nadosht. Hamin vaqt dar borai naqshai shurishi “Katipunan” khoine ba hukumatdoroni mustamlikavi khabar medihad. Az hamin sabab zarurat ba misi omad, ki shurishi yaroqnok tajilan ogoz karda shavad. 23 avgusti …

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Jangi IMA bar ziddi Ispaniya

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Mohi apreli soli 1898 jangi Ispaniyayu IMA ogoz gardid, ki on dar taqdiri Filippin maqomi halkunanda bozid. Amerika baroi hokimiyati khudro dar Filippin barpo namudan az muborizai milliyu ozodikhohii filippiniho istifoda burd. Bo in maqsad diplomathoi Amerika va namoyandagoni artishi harbii bahrii on hanuz to ogozi amaliyoti jangii ziddi Ispaniya …

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Jangi IMA va Filippini solhoi 1899-1901

Ba khalqi Filippin muyassar nashud, ki mahsuli istiqloliyati vatani khudro chashad. 10 dekabri soli 1898 dar shahri Parij dar bayii IMA va Ispaniya Sozishnomai sulh ba imzo rasid. Muvofiqi on Ispaniya Filippinro ba imperializmi IMA vo guzosht. Hamin tariq, taqdiri khalqi Filippin be shirkati on hal karda shud. Mohi fevrali …

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Taraqqiyoti iqtisodii Jopon (solhoi 1880-1900)

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Peshrafti iqtisodii badiinqilobii Jonon asosan dar solhoi 80-um ogoz shud. Dar zarfi 2-3 dahsola dar Jopon qarib 500 korkhonan navi sanoati sokhta meshavad. Aksariyati onho davlati budand. Vale iqtisodi Jopon be korkhonahon khususi pesh rafta nametavonist. Baroi hamin az tiramohi soli 1880 cap karda hukumat ba furukhtani ’’korkhonahoi namunavi” va …

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Hayoti madanii Jopon (okhiri asri XIX va avvali asri XX)

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Badi voqeahoi inqilobii solhoi 1867 – 1868 hukumati nav dar mamlakat ba tatbiqi vasei muzaffariyathoi farhangii evropavi va amerikavi shuru kard. CHopi matbuoti davri ogoz yoft. Dar Nagasaki matbaai avvalin kushoda shud. Ruznomahoi “Tokio niti – niti”, “Ioimuri” va “Haymin simbup” nashr shudan giriftand. YAke az vazifahoi digargunsozihoi burjuazi aznavsozii …

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Harakati jamiyatiyu siyosi dar Jopon

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Mustahkamshavii mavqei iqtisodiyu burjuaziya ba boloravii faoliyati siyosii on musoidat kard. Harakati oppozitsioni baroi qabuli konstitutsiya bo nomi ***dznyu miikzp unlo harakat baroi ozodi va huquqhoi khalq avj Megirad. Dar in harakat dvoryanhoi burjuaziya buda, ki davati parlament va bekor karda shudani shartnomahoi nobarobarro taqozo mekardand, mavqei faolonaro ishgol namuda …

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Siyosati khorijii Jopon (solhoi 1860-1900)

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Sokhtmoni korkhonahoi harbi musallahshavii artishi Jopon va busheli floti purzuri Harbii bahri dar borai on shahodat medodand, ki badi inqilobi solhoi 1867 -1868 in davlat ba janghoi istilogarona shuru mekunad. Obekti az hama nazdiktarini istilokunii Jopon Koreya bud. Dar mavridi inikosi mavzuhoi “CHin” va “Koreya” dar borai jangi Jopon bar …

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Islohoti solhoi 1868- 1873 dar Jopon

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Hukumati dar natijai inqilob ba sari qudratomadaro zohiran imperator Mutsuh rohbari mekard. Rejimi siyosie, ki khonadoni Tokugavaro namud, manfiathoi guruhi burjuaziyu pomeshikii dar muborizai ziddi syogun tashakkulyoftaro inikos mekard. Harchand dar hukumat mansabhoi oliro namoyandagoni ashrofoni darbor ishgol namuda budand, *khanagi asosii dastgohi hokimiyati nav tabaqai poyonii samurayhoi viloyathoi janubu …

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