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SOHTORI LITOSFERA

litosfera

Dar paragrafi peshina mo qayd kardem, ki litosfera (az kalimai yunonii lithos – sang va sphaira – kurra) qabati sakhti az qishri zamin va mantiyai boloi iboratbuda meboshad. Dar in paragraf boshad, mo ba qishri zamin va sokhti on, hamchun qismi litosfera ahamiyati jiddi medihem. Dar qiyos bo qabathoi amiqi …

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RAVANDHOE, KI DAR LITOSFERA BA AMAL MEOYAND

zaminlarza

Ravandhoi dar litosfera ba amal meomada – Zaminlarza va sababhoi paydoishi onho. Ba mo malum ast, ki litosfera qishri zamin va qabati boloii mantiyaro darbar megirad. Qishri zamin hamesha dar holi harakat ast. In harakathoi bo ravandhoe, ki dar qari zamin ba amal meoyand, aloqamand ast. Harakati qishri zamin – …

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VULQON CHIST?

vulqon

VULQONHO Harorati on to + 1500°S merasad, dar sathi zamin 900-1200°S tashkil mequnad va ohista ohista khunuk meshavad. Naqshai tarkibi vulqon khele sodda ast. Asositarin qismathoi vulqon az kura, dahana va tanura iborat meyoband. Qura joest, ki dar on magmai ziyod shakl megi­rad. In magma ba bolo tavassuti dahana harakat …

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ZAMIN – SAYYORAI SISTEMAM OFTOBI

planet

Sababhoi tagyiryobii faslhoi sol. Az kursi tabiatshinosi mo medonem, ki Oftob in markazi sistemai oftobii mo meboshad. Oftob kurrai otashii gudozanda meboshad, ki dar nazdikii zamin joygir shudaast. CHunone, ki ba mo malum ast, ki dar girdi Oftob 9 sayyora davr mezanad: Merkuriy, Zuhra, Zamin, Mirrikh, Mushtary, Zuhal, Uranium, Neptun, Pluton …

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USULHOI TAHQIQI ILMI GEOGRAFIYA

Usulhoi tahqiqi ilmi geografiya – Ahamiyati tahqiqoti geografi Hangomi omuzishi hodisahoi tabii, har yak ilm dar asosi khususiyoti khud usulhoi gunoguni makhsusro istifoda mebarad. Dar ilmi fizika va khimiya beshtar az usulhoi ozmoish va tajriba istifoda mebarand. Dar ilmi geografiya boshad ba tavri vase az: kharita, atlas (majmui kharitaho), kitobhoi …

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TASVIRI SATHI ZAMIN DAR HARITAHO. MIQYOSI BALANDI VA UMQ (CHUQURY)

as

Tarzhoi tasviri sathi zamin dar kharita Jadvali balandiho va chuquriho Hangomi tartib dodani kharitaho va naqshai mahal, jadvali balandiho va chuquriho mavridi istifoda qaror megirad. Bo yorii jadval meshavad dar kharita balandi yo chuqurii joygirshavii obekt va hududhoro tasvir namud. Tagyiri rangi manzara az sabz, kabud, qahvagi dar anvoi rangii …

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HARITAI GEOGRAFI VA GLOBUS

Farqi kharitai geografi az naqshai topografi va globus Tasnifi kharitahoi geografy Usulhoi sokhtani kharitahoi topografi Haritai geografy. Baroi shinokhti obekthoi sathi zamin, khususiyathoi joygirshavii onho, samtyoby az ruyi onho, kharitahoi geografy, globus va naqshahoi topografii mahal sokhta meshavad. Inho hamchun sarchashmai malumot istifoda meshavand. Haritahoi geografy az ruyi muhtavo va …

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HARITAI TOPOGRAFI

xaritai-topografi

Haritai topografi, tartibdihii on Ahamiyati kharitahoi topografi dar faoliyati hayotii insonho Baroy sokhtani khonaho, rohho, fabrikaho, nerugohhoi barqi saravval naqshai mahal sokhta meshavad. Vale, baroi onro durust istifoda kardan, boyad doned, ki naqsha chist, onro chy tavr omoda mekunand va chy tavr mekhonand. YAne, donistani in, ki alomathoi sharty chy …

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TAVSIYAHO BAROI TOLIBILMON OID BA SANJISH VA BAHOGUZORY BA DONISHI HUD

Hangomi ijro namudani hama guna faoliyat odam ba natijai on mutavajjed meshavad. Hangomi khatmi faoliyat odam amaldoi khudro bahoguzori, khatohoi khudro his namuda, baroi islodi on vaqt judo mekunad. Agar maqsadi dar pesh guzoshtashuda muvaffaqona ba dast oyad, odam bo on khursand meshavad. Kushish mekunad, ki boz pesh ravad va …

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OLAMI HAYVONOT

Hayvon chist? Hayvonho qismi az hama buzurgi organizmhoi zinda, az du guruhi asosii mavjudoti zinda dar jahon, ba shumor meravand. Guruhi avval in rastaniho va guruhi duvvum-hayvonho. Istilohi hayvon az kalimai «hay», yane zinda girifta shudaast. Hayvonot in mafhumi umumi baroi hayvonhoi khonagi va vahshi meboshad. Hayvon mafhumi umumi baroi …

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