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TASHLKKULI ODAMONI IBTIDOI.

odamoni-ibtidoi

Odamoni ibtidoi muntazam inkishof va tashakkul meyoftand. In ravand khele duru daroz – sadho hazor sol davom kard. Vaqte, ki odamoni ibtidoi. Poday odamop idtidoi rangami shikor. otashro kashf kardand, dar tarzi hayoti onho tagyiroti muhim ba amal omad. Aknun odamon otashro baroi garm kardani manzil va pukhtani gushti hayvonhoi …

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TARIHI DUNYOI QADIM kitobi darsy baron sinfi 5

tarix-5

SHumo der boz intizori omukhtani fanni tarikh buded. Inak, on ruz ham faro rasid. In fanro aknun az hamin soli tahsil cap karda, to khatmi maktab muntazam meomuzed. SHumo allakay oid ba tarikh donish dored. Onro hangomi tahsil dar maktabi ibtidoi va az khondani kitobhoi gunogun, majallayu ruznomaho, shunidani radio, …

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JAMOAHOI AVLODII ODAMONI IBTIDOI

odamoni-qadim-1

Muborizai odamon bar ziddi darrandagon, mehnati yakjoyai onho baroi zistu zindagoni, furuzon nigoh doshtani gulkhan va paydoishi nutq imkoniyat dodand, ki odamon boz ham muttahidu tifoqtar boshand. Az vaqti paydo shudani “odami boaql” odamon ba gurukhhoi doimii az kheshovandon iboratbuda muttahid meshudand. Az rui nishonahoi kheshutabori chunin guruhi odamonro avlod …

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Obsabzhoi sabzi yakhujayra (khlamidomonada va khlorella)

botanika_6-

Obsabzho guruhi kaloni rastanihoi darajai pastro tashkil mekunand. CHunki, onho resha, poya va bargi haqiqi nadorand. Onhoro rastanihoi tallomi menomand. Obsabzho organizmhoi yakhujayragi, bisyorhujayragi va tudazindagikunandaro darbar megirand. Aksariyati onho dar muhiti ob sukunat doshta, beshtar dar obhoi shuri bahru uqyonusho, obhoi shirini daryoho, obanborho, havzho va hatto dar khokhoi …

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Suni gardolud kardani gul

suni-gardoludkuni

Gardoludkunii suni  gardolud kardani gul dar natijai faoliyati maqsadnoki odamon surat megirad. Odamon gardi garddo- ni yak gulro ba gardgiraki tukhmdoni guli digar ovarda, hosili ras- tanihoi kishovarziro ziyod mekunand va yo navhoi nav ba navi rastanihoro ba vujud meovarand. Baroi in dar davrai pesh az gulshukuft gardbarghoi gulro kanda …

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Gizogiri va sabzishi maysa

Muhlati kishti maysa: Hangomi chashidani tami tukhmi nasabzida (baroi muqoisa), sipas doni neshzadai jav, gandum yo javdor, shumo ba andak shirin budani tukhmi neshzada bovari hosil mekuned. Zero hangomi sabzishi tukhm ohari endospermi tukhm az tasiri ob va moddahoi makhsus ba kand tabdil meyobad. Sipas, qand dar shakli mahluli obi …

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Darakht, butta, nimbutta

butta-daraxt

Rastaniho bo rangu tarovati khosa va shakli poya, barg, gulu meva, davomnokii hayot va digar khususiyathoyashon az hamdigar farq dorand. Ammo rastanihoi guldor az yaqdigar har qadar farq doshta boshand ham, har kadomi onhoro ba yake az se guruh: giyoh, butta va darakht dokhil kardan mumkin ast. Darakht rastanii kalon …

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Meva va tukhmi rastani

mevai-tar-xush

Dar faslhoi tobistonu tiramoh mevahoi gunogunrangi pukhtarasidai rastanihoi dastparvaru khudruy diqqati kasro jalb mekunand. Sebhoi surkhu jilodor, nok, oluyu oluboluhoi sershira, shingilhoi purbori angur shokhi darakhtu buttahoro bo serbori kham mekunaid. Mevai biser rastanihoi sabzavoti: pomidor, bodiring, qalamfur, boimjon khushrangu botarovat meboshand. Novobasta ba gunogunii shakl, rang, maza, buy va …

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Pahnshavii meva va tukhm

meva-tuxm

Dar aksari holatho meva va tukhmi rastaniho ba joyhoi khele dur pahn meshavand. Sabab on ast, ki meva va tukhmi yak guruhi muayyani rastaniho baroi bo shamol pahn shudan mutobiqat paydo kardaand. Guruhi digari onho boshad, mahz tavassuti odam, hayvonot va ob pahn megardad. Mevai pukhtai baze rastaniho, masalan, aqoqiyoi …

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Imon ba du guruh judo karda meshavad

duo-omantu

a) Imoni mujmal imoni umumi. Imoni umumi in imon ovardan ba haqiqati dini Islom buda, odam kalimai “SHahodat”-ro arz karda, imoni khudro ba Alloh Taolo va Payombari u Muhammad (s) tasdiq mekunad va ba hama on chize, ki az Onho rasida ast, bovar dorad, dar hole ki hanuz asosi dinro …

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