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Ilm

Duoi hamsari munosib baroi farzand

dua

Agar shakhse nametavonad baroi farzandash hamsari munosibe paydo kunad, in oyatro dar har holate bikhonad, to in ki mushkilash hal gardad. Oyat in ast: Bismillohi-r-Rahmoni-r-Rahim Am-man yujibu-l-muztarra izo daohu va yakshifu-s-su.[1] [1] Surai Naml, oyati 62.

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MAJORANTA VA MINORANTA

minoranta

MAJORANTA VA MINORANTA (Frans, majorante va minorante az majorer — kalon elon namudan va minorer — khurd elon namudan) dar matematika, du funksiyaest, ki qimati yakumash az qimathoi muvofiqi funksiyai dodashuda (baroi hamai qimathoi tagiryobandai novobastai funksiyai muoinashavanda) khurd nest va qimati duyumash az onho kalon nest. Mas., funksiyai /(kh) …

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MAVIZ

maviz

MAVIZ, anguri khushkida. Az navhoi anguri mavizbob tayyor mekunand. M. chand khel meshavad: bedona – kishmishi safedi dar oftob be istifodai ishqoru bugi sulfur khushkonida; sabza – kishmishi safedi ba mahluli ishqor (mahluli 0,2 – 04-foizai sodai kaustiki) tar karda dar oftob khushkonida; baroi rangdor shudani M. angurro (dar jevon …

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MAGAS

magas

MAGAS, nomi umumii hasharotest az oilai dubolaho. Dar dunyo taqr. 5 haz. namudi M. mavjud ast. Badani M.-ho tira buda, bazan zard, kabud yo sabzi jilodor niz meshavand. Hayoti aksari M.- ho bo manzili odam zich aloqamand ast. Baze namudi M.-ho az rastani, namudhoi digar az moddahoi pusidai organiki (najosati …

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MAVODI LAZZATBAHSHI GIZO

lazzati-gizo

MAVODI LAZZATBAHSHI GIZO, tavobil, moddahoe,ki baroi behtar kardani mazai khurok istifoda meshavand. Ba M. zabuda, javhari limu, kislotai atsetat, moddahoi buyo (vanil, vanilin, javhari mushkin), namaki osh va g. mansuband. M. nerubakhsh naboshand ham, khurokro khushtam mekunand, ishtihovar va khushhazmand, kori rudahoro metezonand. M. ba khurok omekhta shuda, ba asabhoi …

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MAGNITOTERAPIYA

magnitoterapiya

MAGNITOTERAPIYA (Magnetotherapia), yake az usulhoi fizioterapiya. Bo maqsadi tabobat maydoni magnitii baland yo pastbasomad, impulsi yo gayrimuttasil kor farmuda meshavad. Maydoni magniti ba faoliyati silsilai asabhoi vegetativi tasiri musoid dorad. On hassosiyati dastgohi retseptori va asabhoi kanoriro kam karda, hamin tavr tasiri bedardgardoni merasonad; vay hamchunin tanzimi neyrorefleksii faoliyati uzvu …

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MAGNITI CHASHM

magniti-chashm

MAGNITI CHASHM, asbobi makhsus, ki dar amaliyai oftalmologi baroi az guzai chashm va boftahoi on berun ovardani jismhoi begona (zarrahoi ohan, pulod va g.) kor mefarmoyand. M. ch. elektri va doimi meshavad. Dar M.ch. maydoni magnitiro ba tavassuti jarayoni barq hosil mekunand. M.ch. – i doimiro az khulahoi makhsus mesozand; …

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MAGNIY

magniy

MAGNIY (Magnesium), Mg, elementi khimiyavii guruhi II sistemai davrii Mendeleev, raqami at. 12, massai at. 24,305. M.-i tabii az 3 izotopi sobit – 24 Mg (78,60%), 25 Mg (10,11%) va 26 Mg (11,29%) iborat ast. 3 izotopi radioaktivii suniash – 23 Mg, 27 Mg, 28 Mg niz hosil karda shudaast. …

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MAGZI USTUHON

magzi-ustugon

MAGZI USTUHON (Medulla ossium), uzvi khunu ustukhonofar va hifzi biologii organizm; dar javfi moddai isfanjii ustukhon joy giriftaast. Tashakkuli M. u. dar tifli batn dar okhiri mohi seyumi rushdi on khotima yofta, dar mohhoi 4 – 5 ba faoliyat (hosil kardani khun) ogoz mekunad. Dar navzodon massai M. u. taqr. …

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MAGZI SAR

magzi-sar

MAGZI SAR (Encephalon), qismi peshi silsilai asabhoi markazi, ki dar javfi kosakhonai sar (jumjuma) joy giriftaast. On az nimkuraho, tana va maynacha iborat ast. Vazni M. s.-i odami kalonsol 1200 – 1400 g meboshad. M.s.-i kudaki navzod ba hisobi miyona 350 g vazn dorad, ki hashtyak yo dahyaki vazni umumii …

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