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MADANIYATI MODDI VA MANAVI DAR ASRHOI XII-XIII

Memori va sanat. Bo vujudi on ki zamona pur az nizovu janghoi kharobiovar bud, dar shahrhoi markazi va baze markazi viloyatho inshoothoi memori khele afzudand. Binohoi bohashamatro beshtar ayonu ashrofi sarvatmand mesokhtand. YAke az onho YAlangtushbi (1608-1656) dar Registoni Samarqand sokhtmonn buzurgero vusat dod. Dar rubarui madrasai Ulugbek bo amri u bayni solhoi 1619- 1631 memori nomi Abdujabbor madrasa bino kard. Dar peshtoqi daromadgohi in madrasa darrandai babrmonand tasvir yoftaast. Az hamin sabab onro madrasai SHerdor nomidand. Sardori madrasa dar markaz, dar gushaho manoraho, dar bayni darvoza va manoraho gumbazhoi tegdor bino yofta boloi du darskhonaro zeb dodaand.

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Solhoi 1641 – 1660 YAlangtushbi az tarafi seyumi Rsgiston boz yak imorati digar andokht. CHun dar oroishoti in bino tilloi bisyore istifoda shud, onro madrasai Tillokori nomidand. In binoest, ki madrasavu masjid dar yak jo sokhta shudand: dar har se tarafi havli hujraho va dar tarafi chorum masjid voqe gardidaast. Hamin tariqa, dar markazi shahri Samarqand maydone ba vujud omadaast, ki yak tarafash kushod, se tarafash bo se binoi muhtashami khushnamo zilat yofta, bo nomi Registoni Samarqand maruf gardidaast.

Digar az yodgorhoi memorii asri XVII majmui imorathoest, ki dar Bukhoro voqe gardidaast. YAke az amaldoroni olimaqomi on zamon Nadirdevonbegi farmud. ki havz, madrasa va khonaqohe sozand. Holo in makon bo nomi “Labihavz” yo khud “Labi havzi Devonbegi” marufu mashhur ast.

Digar majmuai memorii dar asri XVII binoyoftai Bukhoro madrasaest, ki muqobili madrasai Ulugbek bino yoftaast. In madrasai Abdulazizkhon meboshad. Oroishi in blno bagoyat zebo va bodabdaba ast.

Az oroishn binoho malum meshavad, ki memorho ananai du qarni peshinaro davom dodaand, Dar in asr komyobii ustodoni kandakorii rui gaj nazarras ast. Dar oroishi imoratho az hunari khotamkori va koshinkori ba tavri vase istifoda meburdand.

Sokhtmoni binohoi gunogun dar viloyathoi durdasti tojiknishin niz joy doshtand. Maruftarini onho manorai mansub ba nomi Abdullokhon dar dehai Navgilemi nohiyai Isfara, maqbarai Hoja Hotami Asomi dar nohiyai Fayzobod, madrasai Mirrajab Dodkhoh dar Konibodom, darvozai arki Hisor, yakchand binoi az khishti pukhta dar mahalli Sari-Mazori Uroteppa va digarho meboshanl.

Dar kuhistoni Pomir yakchand binoho — qalai asrhoi XVII-XVIII boqi mondaast. In qalai Panj dar mahalli Roshtqala, qalai Bartang dar Vakhan, qalai Vomardar Rushon va digarho meboshand. Aksar qalahoi Pomir dar balandquhho bino yoftaand, to ki baroi dushmanon dastnoras boshand.

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