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Namudi Hurishho va tarzi tayor kardani onho

Hurish (Salat ba russi) az yak va yo chand namudi sabzavoti taru toza tayyor meshavad. Dar tayyor kardani khurishhoi omekhta barobari sabzavoti taru toza sabzavoti pukhta gushtu tukhmi objush, yo chakka, nakhudi sabz (mushushch) va gayra istifoda meshavad.

Sabzavoti obpazshuda baroi tayyor namudani khurish zarur ast, ki bo pustash pukhta va alohida-alohida reza karda, bad bo digar masnuot omekhtan lozim ast. Dar aksi hol khurish zud tursh meshavad. Baroi tayyor kardani khurishi omekhta dar shakli chorkunjahoi hajmash 1 sm va tilimchahoi haminkhela pora karda meshavad. Baroi khushtam shudani khurish muvofiqi tab ba onho namak murch, qalamfuri tund va doruvoriho merezand.

Hurish

Hurishhoi sabzavoti taru tozaro andake pesh az istemol boyad tayyor kard. Odatan khurishhoro bo har khel kabudiyu pomidoru bodiringi gunogunshakl burida oro medihand.

Dar taompazivu khurish doruvorii gunogun istifoda meshavad. Miqdori muayyani doruvor khurish va taomro bolazzatu khushbuy va khushtam mekunad. Adviyot baroi khurishu taom inhoand: namaki oshi murchu qalamfur, sirko bargi darakhti gor (lavroviy list) zira, zirk, az kabudiho, kashnich, piyozi kabud, shibit (ukrop) pudina, nano va gayra.

Pesh az sar kardani kor boyad ba istifodai kosayu tabaqho ahamiyati kalon dihed va dar vaqti ijroi kori amali boyad ba qoidahoi tekhnikai bekhatarii kor bo kord va asbobhoi tez, inchunin ba qoidahoi sanitariyu gigieni ahamiyat dihed.

Kosavu tabaq va digar zarfhoi baroi tayyor kardani khurish va pukhtanu istemoli khurok istifodashudaro darhol boyad shust. Hangomi shustushuy avval piyolayu choynik, tabaqchahoi khurishgir (salatdon) va bad zarfhoi ravganiro shustan matlub ast. Zarfhoi shirolud va mohiloludro pesh az shustan bo obi khunuk obgardon kardan lozim ast.

Zarf, kastryul yo deghoi tagashon giriftaro bo obi garm tar karda, muddate nigoh doshta, badtar shusta meshavand. Zarfhoi kharoshidashudaro baroi tayyor kardani khurish naboyad istifoda burd.

Zarfu chinivorii oshkhonaro bo obi garm bo soddai khuroki, khardal (gorchisa) namaki mayda, sirko yo mahsulotho makhsusi «Rakhsh», «Feri», «Dau» (dey) shustan mumkin ast. Dar natijai istifodai vositahoi shustushui kosayu tabaq pokizavu va jilodor va korhoi shustushu oson megardad. Pas az shustan nagz obgardon karda, zarfhoro khushk boyad kard.

Hurishho (Salat)

Hurishhoro taomi khunuk menomand. On az yak yo yakchand namudi sabzavot bo hamrohii mayonez, qaymoq yo ravgani rastani omoda meshavad. Hurishi sabzavoti na hamchun taomi mustaqil, balki chun garniri taomhoi gushti, mohi va dar taomi duyum doda meshavad.

Hurishi sabzavot az uglevod, modahoi minerali va vitaminho boy meboshad. Agar ba on khurish tukhm, gusht yo mohi hamroh kunem, on goh qimmati gizoi va foidavovarii on ziyod meshavad. Bisyor vaqt khurishhoro pesh az taom medihand. Onho ishtihoro baland va hazmkunii taomro tez mekunand. Ba oroishi on bisyor diqqat dodan lozim ast.

Dar vaqti dodani khurish ba rui miz avval makhsus khurishandozak meguzorand. Baroi har yak kas tabaqchai khurishkhuri medihand va az tarafi rosti on changak meguzorand, boz bo on asbobi makhsusi bo adviyot purkardashudaro medihand. SHumo medoned, ki qarib hama taomhoro bo non mekhurand. Binobar on buridani nonro yod gired.

Qoidahoi umumii tayyor kardani khurish mavjudand. hamai mahsulot boyad az korkardi avvala guzarad. Bazeashonro boyad az korkardi garmi guzaronid. Sabzavoti khomro avval meshuyand, bad mejushonand.

YAkchand namudi khurishhoro dida mebaroem. Hurishhoro dar oshkhonai milli toraft bisyor istifoda mebarand. Onho asosan ba subhona (pagohi), nisfiruzi, shom hamchun taomi mustaqil va yo ba taomi 2-yum doda meshavad. Sabzavoti taru toza ba rui miz dar shakli khom ham doda meshavad.

Miqdori hajmi taomhoi khunuk va khurishho na on qadar ziyod boshand. Miqdori on asosan baroi yak kas 150 g meboshad. Dar vaqti tartib dodani taomnoma (menyu) baroi subhona, peshin, shom albatta fasli solro ba nazar giriftan lozim ast, ki dar fasl kadom sabzavot yo masoleh hast. Intikhobi masolehi khurishi khunuk boyad muvofiqqi

sabzavoti ba assortimenthoi asosii taom, salatho az sabzavot tayyor karda shavad. Hurish az yak namudi khom reza kardashuda va yo yakchand namudi sabzavot bo hamroh kardani tukhm, gushti pukhtagi masoleh paranda, mohi, panir va har khel hasibho omoda kardan mumkin ast.

Hurishro albatta pesh az istemol tayyor mekunand. Agar onro kamtar ziyodtar nigoh dored, gizogii foidaovarashon past meshavad va namudashro gum mekunad. Unsurhoi asosii tayyor kardani khurishho korkardi avvali sabzavot, pora kardan va oroish ast. Onho namudi zebo doshta va mizro oroish dodanash lozim ast. Taomi khunuk va khurishhoro ba tabaqi muddavvar yo darozruya, khurishdon yo kosaho mekashand.

Hurish az bodiringu pomidor

Miqdori masoleh: Ba 4-5 dona pomidor, 3 dona bodiring, 1 bandcha piyozi kabud, muvofiqi tab namaku murch lozim ast.

Tartibi ijroi kor:

Pomidoru bodiringro shusta, halqa-halqa yo sekunja reza mekunand, bad piyozi kabud va namku murch andokhta meomezand. Hurishi tayyorro ba khurishdon yo tabaqchaho andokhta ba ruyash kabudi meposhand.

Ba khurish sirkoi oshi, jurgot qaymoq, niz andokhtan mumkin. Agar piyozi kabud naboshad, ba khurish bekhpiyozro reza karda meandozand.

Hurish az sabzavoti taru toza bo seb.

Tajhizot: takhtacha, kord, tabaq baroi yakjoya kardani khurish, tabaqchahoi khurishgir, changak, turbtarosh va zarfho.

Miqdori masoleh bo gramm.

1.Seb – 42g.

2.Karam – 83g.

3.Sabzi – 90g.

4.Nakhudi sabz – 25g.

5.Sirpiyoz – 20g.

  1. Qaymoq yo mayonez – 20g.
  2. SHakar – 10g.
  3. Kabudi hamagi – 300g (baroi 1 nafar).

Tekhnologiyai tayyor kardan.

Pusti sabziro girifta, az turbtaroshi surokhash mayda guzaroned yo sebro az donahoyash judo karda, az turbtaroshi surokhash kalon guzaroned va yo nargis reza kuned. Karamro mayda va mahin reza namuda, bo on nakhudi sabzro, sirpiyoz bo kord mayda reza karda, ba boloi on shakar, bad qaymoqro andokhta, omekhta kuni khurishi tayyorshudaro ba ruyash kabudii rezakardaro poshida ba dastarkhon medihand.

Salati «Tojikiston»

Tajhizot: takhtacha, kord, tabaq baroi yakjoya kardani khurish, tabaqchahoi khurishgir, changak, turbtarosh va zarfho.

Miqdori masoleh bo g.

  1. Zabon yo gushti gusfand – 84g.
  2. Kartoshka – 74g.
  3. Piyozi anzuri paronida – 73g.
  4. Nakhudi kabud – 46g.
  5. Sabzi – 19g.
  6. Tukhm – 1 dona.
  7. Limu – 1/10.
  8. Bodiringi ochoronida – 26g.
  9. Mayonez – 30g. hamagi – 300g.

Ezoh: mayonezro bo qaymoq niz ivaz kardan mumkin ast.

Tekhnologiyai tayyor kardan:

Zabon yo gushti dar ob pukhtaro dar shakli kubik reza kuned. Piyozi anzurro nargisi kuned. Kartoshka, sabzi bodaringi ochoronida pukhtagiro kubikshakl reza karda, hamaashro omekhta namuda nakhudi andokhta, ba boloyash mayonez rekhta, omekhta, mekunand. Dar vaqti ba rui miz dodan ba khurishdon yo kosa balandi karda darshakli konus meandozand va bo sabzii pukhtagi bo shakli dilkhoh oroish doda, qaymoqro andokhta, tukhmro mayda reza karda, bodiring reza karda, limuro halqashakl reza karda, kabudi (kashnich)-ro reza karda, ba ruyash meposhand. Bo bargi kashnich oroish dodan mumkin ast.

Maslihati kadbonu

Tukhm – qimmathoi masolehi taomi meboshad. Dar tarkibi on qarib hamai moddahoi zaruri mavjud ast.

Hamai tukhmro yak vaqt ba setkai metali guzoshta ba kastryuli obash jushida guzored agar tukhmro nimdunbul 2-4 dona pukhtani boshed va agar sakht pukhtani shaved 8-10 daqiqa dar ob jushoned. Tukhmi dar yakhdon nigohdoshtashudaro nameguzorand chunki on kafidanash mumkin ast. Agar pusti tukhm kafida boshad, on goh dar onro obi shur mepazand.

Bad az pukhtan tukhmro ba obi khunuk meandozand, to in ki pustashro tez toza kunand va rangi zardii tukhm nigoh doshta shavad. Tukhmi pukhta dar vaqti davr zanondan bisyor davr mezanad, tukhmi khom boshad 1-2 davr mezanandu khalos.

Hurishi venegreti «navruzi»

Tajhizot va asbobho: deg, du satilcha, takhtacha baroi sabzavot, kord, qoshuq, khurishdon, zarfhoi alohida.

Miqdori masoleh (bo gramm): kartoshka – 40, karam yo bodiringi ochori – 30, lablabu – 30, sabzi – 20, seb – 50, kabudi – 5, qaymoq yo ravgani rastani -10, tukhm 2-dona.

Rafti ijroi kor:

Korkardi avvala: intikhobi yakkhelai andozai kartoshka, lablabu va sabzi, shustan va pukhtan. Sabzavotro khunuk karda az pustash toza karda, mayda reza menamoyand. Bad bodiringro shusta, pust kanda, yo bo pustash mayda karda, karami namakkardaro toza karda, obashro tarovida, piyozro mahin reza mekunand. Tukhmro intikhobi hamroh kuned baroi oroishi khurish.

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