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INDOV

indowINDOV (Eruca sativa), rastaniest ravgandor. Poyaash to 1 m qad mekashad. Bargi parshakl, gulhoi nisbatan kaloni zard, gilofakmevai chorqirrai nugtez dorad. Dar hududi Tojikiston I.-ro az qadim dar vodiho va nishebii kuhho kisht mekardand. I.-i khudruy dar kishtzori lalmi, obi, zaminhoi partov, nishebii kuhho, sohilhoi daryo, kanal, kanori roh (dar balandihoi 3800 m az s. b.) duchor meoyad. I. khususan dar kishtzori zagir bisyor meruyad (qadre talkhcha budani ravgani zagir niz ba tukhmi I. vobasta ast). Az sababi bui makhsus doshtanash I.-ro chorvo namekhurad.
Tukhmi I. ravgani efir, khardal (to 35%) dorad. Talqoni tukhmashro bo ob omekhta, chun khardal istifoda burdan mumkin ast. Tukhmi I. davoi ishtihoovar niz meboshad. Bargi sabzi onro chun khurish kor mefarmoyand. Ravgani I. dar khurok va baroi tayyor kardani alif, rangho ba kor meravad. Dar tibbi khalqi tukhmashro vositai rafi nuqsi uzvhoi hozima va ravganashro davoi kasalihoi pust (khorishi badan, shukufa va g.) medonand. Bargu poyai I. khosiyati peshobroni va ziddibakteriyavi doshta, shirro ziyod mekunad, ba azoi hozima taqviyat mebakhshad. Bino ba aqidai olimoni gastroenterolog I. reshi medaro peshgiri mekunad.
Ba qavli tabiboni khalqi istemoli I. girehi jigar va sipurzro mekushoyad, darunro pok mekunad, peshobro meronad, sangi gurda va masonaro mayda karda merezonad, mani hosil mekunad, baroi mubosharat quvvati harakat mebakhshad. Agar I.-ro kufta bo talkhai gov khamir karda guzoshta bandand, dogi zakhmro az pust pok mekunad. I.-i sahroi dar ravon kardani peshob va barangekhtani boh, inchunin dar bobi ba harakat ovardani oloti mardi nazar ba I.-i bustoni qavitar ast. Agar tukhmashro bo obi garm biyoshomand, balgamro bo qay daf mekunad. Har ruz 18 g tukhmi I.-ro bo obi garm, nabot va ravgani kunjid biyoshomand, ba qulinj shifo mebakhshad. Tukhmi I.-ro kufta, bo asal sirishta lesida bikhurand, baroi muolijai illathoi damkutahi, surfa va dardi pahlu nofe ast; agar onro bo zardai tukhmi nimpukhtai murg va asal daromekhta bikhurand, baroi dardi uzvhoi daruni sina, daridani mushakho davo meshavad, uzvhoi shikastaro payvast megardonad. Kuftai bargi I. davoi puchak ast. SHustani sar bo obi bargi I. rekhtani muyro man mekunad. Agar onro bimoland, dogi safedi pustro naf dorad. Bargi I.-ro dar ob jushonda, bo on obi shirgarm huqna kunand, zakhmi rudahoro sihat mebakhshad, isholro mebandad, sustii maqadro daf mesozad. Az dudi on jonvaroni zararnok megurezand.
Ad.: Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989; Kovaleva N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh priminenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Zohidov H., Kanzi shifo, D., 1998.

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