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Baroi chi barq nest – Svet charo nestay?

Dar Tojikiston az solhoi 1992 injonib  dar fasli sarmo barqro mekushand va ba bisyoriho nofahmo ast, ki  charo rushnoii elektriki khomush karda meshavad.

Vobasta ba in savol dar in sahifa ba shumo khonandagoni aziz malumot ovarda shudaast.

Boyad guft, ki dar yak sol dar Tojikiston ba miqdori 17 mlr. kilovatt soat barq istehsol meshavad  vale dar asl talabot 2-marotiba beshtar ast va az hamin sabab  dar mavsimi kam shudani ob dar mohhoi sentyabr-fevral dar obanborhoi kishvar hukumat majbur meshavad, ki soathoi istifodai barqro dar kishvar mahdud (kam) kunad.

Ba hisobi miyona dar mohhoi sentyabr-mart hamasola  dar yak shabonaruz 6-8 soat barq ba shahru nohiyahoi kishvar tamin karda meshavad. Vale chunin mahdudiyat ba Poytakhti kishvar dakhl nadorad va ba baze shahrhoi kalon az on jumla Hujand, Kulob, Qurgonteppa va bazei digaron. Dar shahri Horug az sababi sohib budani Nerugohi Barqii Obi khudi mintaqavi niz barq (svet) khomush karda nameshavad.

Boyad guft, ki dar jahon qarib 1 millard odam ki 13%-i aholii dunyoro tashkil mekunand umuman barq nadorand va az onho 200 millionash dar Hinduston zindagoni mekunand.

Boyad guft, ki khomush kardani barq dar kishvarhoi hamsoya niz vujud dorad az jumla dar Uzbekiston, Qirgiziston va Afgoniston. Boyad guft, ki agar Tojikiston ba mustaqiliyati energetiki bo sokhtani NBO Rogun sohib shavad pas dar in samt Uzbakiston az Tojikiston dar aqib memonad.

Hukumati kishvar tasmim giriftaast, ki to soli 2020 –um ba mustaqiliyati energetiki noil gardida ba khomush namudani barq dar Tojikistonro khotima dihad. Albatta alakay mushohida kardan mumkin, ki mohi noyabri soli 2018 alakay bo kushodashavii agregati yakumi NBO Rogun kushtani barq dar Tojikiston az bayn bardoshta shud vale in ham boshad az hisobi asosan dar mohhoi sentyabr-noyabri soli 2018 mahdud kardani barqdihi (sar dodani ob dar NBO Norak) bud va mohhoi noyabr –dekabr serborish shud.

elektrichestva

Umuman Tojikiston az hisobi dar mavsimi garmi ziyod budani ob dar daryoi Vakhsh va Obanbori Norak quvvai barq barziyod istehsol shuda ba kishvarhoi hamsoya az jumla Afgonistonu Uzbekiston furukhta meshavad. Vale dar mavsimi sard (sentyabr-fevral) daryoho kamob shuda obanborho kamob meshavand va mutanosiban barq ham kam istehsol meshavad. Lek az hisobi dar kishvarhoi hamsoya kam budani barq kharidani on az onho imkonnopazir ast va bar ilovai in kharojothoi vaznin bar bujai kishvar meshavad. Baroi malumot metavon guft, ki dar yak sol ba hisobi miyona 16-17 mlrd. kv. barq istehsol meshavad va in nishondihandai chandon past nest, agar dar tanosub bo digar kishvarhoi dunyo qiyos namoem.

Ba hisobi miyona Tojikiston har tobiston (solhoi 2005-2010) ba mablagi 30-50 mln dollar barq mefurushad va inchunin metavon guft, ki ba sari yak nafar aholii kishvar istemoli barq dar yak sol 1,5 hazor kilovat rost meoyad, kholl on ki in nishondihanda dar Uzekiston 1,6 hazor, Qirgiziston 1,9hazor, Turkmaniston 2,7 hazor, Qazoqiston 5,6 haz,  Russiya 4,9haz, Amriko (IMA) – 6,9 hazor barobar ast.

Tojikiston sohibi 5%-i quvvai gidroenergetiki dunyoro sohib ast, kitaqriban ba 500 mlrd. kv. barobar ast va az in hamagi taqriban 5%-ashro istifoda namuda istodaast va boqi 95% -i zakhiraho holo istifoda nameshavand.

 

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