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Biologiya

Guli Nargis

nargis

In rastanii gulkunanda az piyozash meruyad va ranghoi gunoguni gulash hast az jumla Nargisi zard va Nargisi Safed va Nargisi gulobi. Uro ba zaboni rusi «Narsis» menomand. Dar joyhoi namnok meruyad az jumla dar havliii odamon va talu tepaho (kuhho). Qadi nargis 20-50 santimetr meboshad va har bahor yak marotiba …

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Vazifai Dil

dil

Dil uzvi markazii gardishi khuni odam va hayvon, ki kharakati khunro dar ragho tamin menamoyad. Dili hayvoni shirkhur va odam dar qafasi sina, bayni hardu qismi shush, dar boloi diafragma joy giriftaast. Dili odami kalonsol ba hisobi miyona 220-300 g va daroziash 12-15 sm meshavad. Vazifai Dil chun uzvi mushaki …

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Kadom hayvon dil nadorad?

kirm

Savol: Kadom namudi jonvar  dil nadoshtast? Javob: asosan chunin namudi jondor dil nadorad: Gubka Meduza Kirmi pachaq Kirmi girdshakl

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Homiladoron chitavr dandonhoro nigohubin namoyand

dandon-pizishk

Tashrifi dandonpizishk har nim sol, yak marotiba tavsiya karda meshavad. Bo faro rasidani davrai homiladori tashrifro beshtar namuda loaqal har 3-moh az nazdi dukhturi dandon boyad guzasht. Uzvhoi zanona dar davrai homiladori khele nozuk ast va dilkhoh sarchashmai siroyat masalai pusidani dandon (karies) az bayn boyad bardoshta shavad. Mavjudiyati surokhii …

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BEMORIHOI SIROYATI: AZ EPIDEMIYA TO PANDEMIYA

bemorihoi-pa

Az rui darajai pahnshavi, bemorihoi siroyati metavonand parokanda (sporadiki, bemorihoi judogona, ki dar mahalli muayan va dar tuli muayani vaqt mushohida megardand) boshand. Ammo agar rushdi bemori az darajai parokanda (sporadiki) bolo ravad, dar istilohi tibbi onro epidemiya menomand va agar epidemiya dar in yo on kishvar farogir gardad ba …

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Bemorii “Beikhtiyor jori shudani peshb”

inkompitenciya

Beikhtiyor jori shudani peshbro dar zaboni tib inkontinensiya menomand. Inkontenentsiya yake az bemorihoi pahngashta dar tajribai klinikii urologi ba hisob meravad. Tibqi omorhoi tibbi, taqriban 20% az aholii kurrai Zamin giriftori in bemoriand. Bemorii mazkur beshtar dar khonumho mushohida meshavad. Taqriban 25-30% – i khonumhoi sinashon az 65 sol bolo …

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MASALAHOI HUQUQII MUHOFIZATI HAYVONOT

shikor

Dar jumhurii Tojikiston borl avval 25 noyabri soli 1959 «Qonuni muhofizati tabiati Tojikiston» qabul karda shuda bud. «Maqsadi on purzur namudani muhofizati tabiat va ba rasmiyat darovardani tartiboti samaranok istifodabarii khok, ob, nabotot, hayvonot, boigarihoi qabati zamin dar haryak darayu vodi» meboshad. In qonun ba khudsarona munosibat kardani odamoi va …

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BESHAI PALANGON – MAMNUGOH

beshai-palangon

Mamnugohi «Beshai palangon» nakhustin mamnugohi Tojikiston meboshad. On 4 noyabri soli 1939 muvofiqi qarori Komissariati khalqii ziroati jumhuri baron muhofizati sarvathoi kompleksi tabiii beshazori sohili daryohoi Osiyoi Miyona, az jumla baroi muhofizati hayvonoti kamyob va guzaronidani tadqiqothoi ilmi tashkil karda shuda bud. On vaqt masohatash 50 hazor ga bud. In …

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MAMNUGOHI «ROMIT»

romit

Dar domanahoi janubii silsilai kukhi Hisor soli 1959 duyumin mamnugohi Tojikiston mamnugohi «Romit» tashkil shuda bud. Mamnugohi mazkur beshtar az 16 hazor ga maydonro ishgol karda, dar bayni daryohhoi Sorbo va Sardai Mizna voqe gashtaast. Balandii masohati mamnugoh az sathi bahr az 1176 to 3200 m baland ast. Dar in …

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GURUQHOI TOJIKISTON

Bo maqsadi muhofizati olami hayvonot va nabototi jumhuri dar Dashtijum 53,4 hazor ga, Zorkul 16.9 hazor ga. Iskandarkul 30 hazor ga. Kamarob 4.2 hazor ga, Kosavlisoy 20 hazor ga. Muzkul 68 hazor ga. Sayvoty 4.2 hazor ga. Sangzor 50.7 hazor ga. CHildukhtaron 14.5 hazor ga guruqkho (farmoishgohhoi makhsus) baroi miqdoran …

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