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KOMPLEKSHOI TABIII MAHAL VA ONHORO TAGYIRDODANI INSON

SHumo medoned, ki komplekshoi tabiy dar natijai robita va tasiri mutaqobilai jinshoi kuhy, havo, ob, nabotot, hayvonot va khok tashakkul yoftaand. Komplekshoi tabiii mahali shumo ham hamin tavr hosil shudaand. Ammo komplekshon tabii to maskun shudani aholi namudi zohirii khudro kam tagyir doda budand.

Barobari afzudani miqdori aholi, ziyod shudani talaboti odamon ba hama guna sarvathoi tabii (zamin, ob, darakhtoni chubdihanda, suzishvory, hayvonotn shikory va gayra) va inkishof yoftani olothoi navi istehsoli (moshinu mekhanizmho) tasiri odam ba komplekskhoi tabii toraft afzun gardid. Darakhton burida, hayvonot shikor karda shudand.

zamin

Zaminhoro obyori namuda, ba zamini kisht va bogu tokzor tabdil dodand. Dar zaminhoi ba kor andokhta shahru dehoti nav bino karda, ba sui onho roh kushodand va simhoi barqu aloqa kashidand. Dar natija namudi zohiri (landshafti tabii)-i komplekshoi tabiy tagyir yoft. Onro kompleksi tabiii antropogeni (bo dasti inson bunyodshuda) menomand. Hamai in tagyirothoro mushohida karda, ba savolkhoi zerin javob dihed:

  1. Dar mahali shumo kadom sohahoi kishovarzi inkishof yoftaand?
  2. Korkhonahoi mahali shumo bo kadom namudhoi ashyoi khom kor mekunand?
  3. Kadom namudhoi sarvshthoi tabiii mahali shumo beshtar ba kor andokhpsh shudaand?
  4. Istifodai sarvathoi tabiy ba tabiati mahali shumo chi guna tasir rasondaast?
  5. Baroi hifzi tabiati mahalapyun chi chorabiniho ba jo ovarda meshavand?
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