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Hayoti ilmi va adabi dar nimai avvali asri XIX

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Zaboni tojiki dar nimai yakumi asri XIX chi dar dastgohi davlati va chi dar rishtai adabiyotu korhoi idoravi mavqei asosiro ishgol mekard. Du navi maktab vujud dosht: maktabi ibtidoi va oli, yane Madrasa. Dar maktabho kudakon savod meomukhtand va tarbiya megiriftand. Talimu tadris ba zaboni tojiki va arabi bud. Muallimoni …

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MADANIYATI MODDI VA MANAVI DAR NIMAI AVVALI ASRI XIX

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Binokori va memori. Darajai taraqqiyoti sanati memorii Osiyoi Miyona, alalkhusus dar bobati sokhtmoni binohoi boshukuh, dar nimai avvali asri XIX nazar ba asrhoi guzashta khele poyon raft. Bo hamin sabab az yodgorihoi memorii in davra to zamoni mo kam boqi mondaand. Az binohoi boqimonda madrasai Halifa Niyozqul, ki beshtar bo …

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SHurishhoi khalqi dar Amorati Bukhoro

Kalontarin junbishi khalqi dar ibtidoi soli 1810 dar Bukhoro rukh doda bud. Az rui malumoti shohidoni voqea zimistoni on sol chunon sard shud, ki to se moh yakh ba miqdori yak kuloch boqi mond. Gandum va javro kullan sarmo zad va narkhi galla nihoyat baland shud. Ilova bar in chunon …

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Andozho dar Amorati Bukhoro

SHakli gunoguni istismori dehqonon taqriban dar hamai namudi zamin mushohida megardid. Makhsusan, ahvoli sokinoni nohiyahoi kuhi nihoyat vaznin bud. Dar boloobi nohiyai Zarafshon kishovarzoni bezamin 25 foizi aholiro tashkil medodand. Onhoe, ki chorvoi kori nadoshtand, majbur budand ba sifati batrak kor kunand. Zaminhoi khiroji baroi amiru khonho va hokimon daromadi …

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Zamindorii feodali dar Amorati Bukhoro

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Dar nimai avvali asri XIX asosan hamon shaklhoi peshinai molikiyati khususii zamindorii feodali – zamini khiroji, amlok – zaminhoi davlati va zaminhoi vaqf nigoh doshta meshudand. Usuli ba tankhoh dodani khojagii dehqoni va ogozi hukmronii sulolai khonadoni mangitiya ba tavri vase jori gardid, ki dar hayoti ijtimoii in davr usuli …

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Komil TOJIEV (Tojievich_

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TOJIEV Komil Tojievich (25. 10. 1910, shahri Konibodom —30. 3. 1981, Dushanbe), jarrohi soveti, doktori ilmhoi tib (1960), professori (1961), Hodimi Hizmatnishondodai Ilmi Resspublikai Soveti Sotsialistii Tojikiston (1963), akademiya Akademiyai Fanhoi Resspublikai Soveti Sotsialistii Tojikiston (1965). Azoi KPSS az soli 1943. Instituti tibbii 2- yumi shahri Moskva ba nomi N. …

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Tijorat dar Amorati Bukhoro (asri 19)

Tijorat dar shahrho asosan dar bozorho surat megirift. Bozor masohati kalonero ishgol menamud. Bozorhoi Uroteppa va Hujand qarib bolopushida budand (kappon doshtand). Hususiyati khosi shahrho az in iborat bud, ki dar chorsu va khiyobonhoi asosi markazhoi savdo voqe gardida, dar on timi darozi gunbazdor sokhta meshud. Az bayni tim kucha …

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Obyori dar Amorati Bukhoro va khonii Huqand

Dar amorati Bukhoro va khonii Huqand korhoi buzurgi obyori anjom doda shudand. Muhimtarin shabakahoi obyorii vodii Fargona ba vujud omadand. Masalan, az daryoi Norin va Qaradaryo yakchand shabakahoi obyori, az jumla nahri YAngiarik kanda shud. Ba sababi obyorii zaminhoi beob shahrhoi nav bunyod yoftand. YAke az chunin shahrho, ki bo …

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Zanoni arobakashi Tochik

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Binobar sababi vaznin budangi sathi zindagi dar Tojikiston zanoni tojik ba arobakashi mashgul shuda to andozae boshad ham baroi beh kardani vaziyati moliyavii khud kushish menamoyand. Dar in surat zan ba jamovarii zarfhoi plastiki (baqalashka) mashgul ast. Foto Devushki/jenshini Tadjichki kotoraya sobiraet bakalashki.

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Kuchai Abualii Ibni Sino dar Dushanbe

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Hiyoboni Abualii Sino dar poytakhti Tojikiston dar markazi shahri Dushanbe dar hududi nohiyai Sino qaror dorad. Darozii in kucha 4,2 kilometr buda pahmiash az 20 to 30 metro tashkil medihad. In khiyobon khelo serodamu sermoshin buda dar on chunin binohoi muhim qaror dorand, az jumla binoi Bemorkhonai Qariyai-bolo, Prokuraturai generali, …

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