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Obyori dar Amorati Bukhoro va khonii Huqand

Dar amorati Bukhoro va khonii Huqand korhoi buzurgi obyori anjom doda shudand. Muhimtarin shabakahoi obyorii vodii Fargona ba vujud omadand. Masalan, az daryoi Norin va Qaradaryo yakchand shabakahoi obyori, az jumla nahri YAngiarik kanda shud. Ba sababi obyorii zaminhoi beob shahrhoi nav bunyod yoftand. YAke az chunin shahrho, ki bo quvvai asironi Uroteppagi poyaguzor gasht, SHahri Hon meboshad.

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Dar havzai Zarafshoni amorati Bukhoro niz korhoi ziyodi obyori anjom meyoftand. Dar davrai hukmronii amir SHohmurod (okhiri asri XVIII) dar daryoi Zarafshon kanalhoi Kazon-ariq, Tayman-ariq, Tuquz-ariq va digarho kofta shudand. Ba gayri inho az Oqdaryo va Qaradaryo, ki shokhobhoi Zarafshon meboshand, nahrho kanda shudand.

aleksandriya-eskhata-ili-khujand

Dar hududi Panjakent nahrhoi Jui Hurmi va Jui Sarazm zaminhoi bisyorero obyori gardondand. Ba nomi qushpuli andozi makhsus jori gardid, ki mablaghoi ba in vosita jamovardaro avvalho baroi kandani nahrhoi nav istifoda meburdand va badtar baroi ehtiyojoti digar niz sarf mekardagi shudand.

Nahru juyborhoro nafaqat hukumat, balki feodaloni kalon ham mesokhtand. YAke az chunin shakhson Hasan khalifa bud, ki dar hududi Tojikobodi Qarotegin va nohiyai Panjakent juyborho kanda ob barovardaast.

Zaminhoi navi az hisobi shakhsoni sarvatmand sokhtashuda ba ikhtiyori khudi onho meguzasht. Onho mehnati dehqononi kambagalro dar in zaminho istifoda meburdand.

Baroi kandan va toza kardani nahru juyborho mardumi girdu atrofro ba hashar jalb mekardand.

Dar in bora khathoi rui sangho guvohi medihand. Masalan, dar hududi dehahoi Porshnev va SHidzi nohiyai Rushoni Badakhshon dar rui sanghoi solhoi 1758 chunin matnho sabt gashtaand: «Umarshohi Nazarbek dar kandani in nahr bisyor ranj kashidaast». YO khud, az navishtahoi soli 1764 malum meshavad, ki juyborro SHogado pisari Hoja Salmon, ki az avlodi Sayid Nosiri Husrav bud, kandaast.

Dar qatori zaminhoi obi kishtzorhoi lalmi dar balandiho, nishebiho va domanahoi kuhho bisyor budand.

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