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MOYAGUZARONi

moyaguzaroniMOYAGUZARONi (Immunisatio; lot. immunis – ozod, az chize rahododa), immunizatsiya usuli makhsusi peshgirii bemorihoi siroyatii odam va hayvonot. M. faol, nofaol va nofaolu faol meshavad. Hangomi M.-i faol ba organizm vaksina yo anatoksin meguzaronand. Dar mavridi M.-i nofaol ba organizm zardobi masuni yo immunoglobulin guzaronda meshavad. Hangomi M.-i faolu nofaol avval ba organizm zardobi masuni, sipas vaksina yo anatoksin mefiristand.
M. samarai khele khub medihad. Ba tavassuti on nafaqat imkoniyati peshgirii baze bemorihoi siroyati faroham omad, balki yak qator kasalihoi nihoyat vaznin (mas., nagzak) batamom nest karda shudand.
M. ba tavassuti vaksina (vaksinoprofilaktika) va anatoksinho chun tadbiri naqshavii peshgirii bemoriho nisbat ba M. ba vositai doruhoi zardobi (seroprofilaktika) samarai beshtar dorad, zero on organizmro ba muddati duru daroz hifz menamoyad.
Dar tarkibi moya angezandahoi zinda (zaif) yo murda (kushta)-i bemoriho (bakteriya va virusho yo qiyomi bakteriyavi va zahrhoi bezararshudai onho – 93 pozahr) mavjudand. Hangomi ba organizm firistodani moya moddahoi muhofiz (podtanho va pozahrho) hosil meshavand, ki dar natija badi muhlati muayyan organizm ba hamon bemorie, ki angezaash dar moya ast, duchor nameoyad. Meyor va tarzi guzaronidani har moya aniq shudaast. Angezahoi baze bemorihoro bo 2 – 3 usul meguzaronand. Mas., baroi peshgirii poliomielit, surfakabutak, khunoq va kuzoz 3 marotiba (badi har yakunim moh) moya meguzaronand. Agar bo guzashti ayyom tasiri moya sust shavad, badi muhlati muayyan in korro takror mekunand. Muvofiqi taqvimi M., ki soli 1980 tasdiq shudaast, ba kudaki yaksola baroi peshgirii sil, poliomielit, surfakabutak, khunoq va kuzoz, ba kudaki dusola baroi peshgirii parotit, hasba va takroran baroi peshgirii poliomielit, ba kudaki sesola baroi peshgirii surfakabutak, khunoq, kuzoz va poliomielit moya meguzaronand. M. minbad chunin jarayon megirad: dar 6-solagi baroi peshgirii khunoq va kuzoz; dar 7-solagi (sinfi 1) baroi peshgirii sil; dar 7 – 8-solagi baroi peshgirii poliomielit; dar 11-solagi baroi peshgirii khunoq va kuzoz; dar 11 – 12-solagi (sinfi 5) baroi peshgirii sil; dar 15 – 16-solagi baroi peshgiri poliomielit, dar 16 – 17-solagi baroi peshgirii sil va kuzoz.
Baroi peshgirii dig. bemoriho niz ba organizm moya meguzaronand. Agar tajilan organizmro siroyatnopazir kardan zarur shavad (mas., badi bo bemori hasba saru kor doshtan, hangomi gazidani hayvonot va g.), az zardob yo gamma-globulin istifoda mebarand. Pesh az M. odamro boyad dukhtur muoina kunad. Hangomi bemorihoi shadid moya nameguzaronand. Dar muddati chand ruz badi M. odam boyad khudro az khastagi, bisyor garm shudan yo khunuk khurdan hifz namoyad. Dar in davra bazan odam tab karda, dardi saru behol meshavad, joi moyaguzaronda gazak va dard mekunad. Ammo in khavfnok nest va badi chand soat yo 1 – 2 shaboruz barham mekhurad. Bemorii siroyati badi M. ba vujud oyad ham, nisbatan sabuk meguzarad.

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