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MAMNUGOHHOI TOJIKISTON DAR MUHOFIZATI HAYVONOT

Taraqqiyoti sanoat, shahrsozi, vaseshavii maydonhoi kishovarzi, inchunin afzoishi aholi dar on joe, ki olami nabototu hayvonot ba inson dastras ast, vayron nashudaast. Hele muhim act, ki dar chunin joyho mamnungoh yo in ki farmoishgohho va boghoi milli tashkil karda shavand.

Tojikiston, ki masohatash 143 hazor km murraba meboshad, alhol 3 mamnugoh va 4 turuq dorad. Mamnugohi «Beshai palangon» dar janubtar joyi yakjoyashavii darshoi Panju Vakhsh va mamnugohi «Romit» dar qatorkuhi Hisor joygir buda, mamnugohi «Sarikhosor» (s. 1988) tashkil yofta, 0.6 foizi masohati jumhuriro ishgol mekunand. In mamnugohho dar muhofizati  mavzehoi tabii mavqei kalon doranl. Dar in joyho nigoh doshtani genofondi tabiy va Namudhoi nodiri hayvonot ahamiyati kalon dorad.

gulhoi-kuhi

Mamnungoh, boghoi milli va yodgorihoi tabii hamchun shakli davlatii muhofizati tabiat, biostansiya, bazai ilmiyu tadqiqoti va madaniyu ravshannamoi, darajai olii muhofizati i tabiat ba shumor meravand. Az ruyi nishondodi G.A. Kojevnikov (1908) mahfuzgoh etaloni tabii buda, dar on jo hama guna tagyirotkho dar ravandi tabii, befaoliyagi inson amal mekunand. Muvofiqi nishondodi V.V. Dokuchaev, har yak mintaqa ba khud etaloni makhsus dorad va omukhtani on baroi peshrafti sohahoi gunoguni kishovarzi ahamiyati muhim dorad. Dar tashkil va durust ba roh mondani kori mamnugohho dar sobiq Ittihodi SHuravi khizmati olimon P.G. Smidovich (1874-1935) va V.N. Makarov (1887-1959) kalon ast. Az ruyi malumothoi K.P. Mityushkin, soli 1979 dar sobiq Ittnhodi SHuravy 126 mamnugoh bud, ki masohati umumii onho ba 9,9 mln. ba rasida, on 0.46 foizi masohati umumiro tashkil medod.

Dar khududi mamiugohho sokhtmoni yagon khel korkhonahoi sanoati, khojagi, koftani qabathoi zamin,0 buridani darakhtu butta, alafdaravi, shikor, jamovarii giyohhoi doruvori charonidani chorvo, istifodai harguna zahrkhimikatho, akklimapvatsiyai hayvonotu rastaniho va turizmu istirohat mumkin nest.

Solhoi okhir dar davlathoi taraqqikarda ba gayr az boghoi istirohatii dokhili shahr boz boghoi milli tashkil shudand, ki shakli kushodi mamnugohho sayrgohi mardumand. Bo in maqsad solhoi 2000-2002 darayohoi Varzobu Romit ham ba joyhoi istirokhatiyu sayyohi tabdil doda shudand. Ruze merasad, ki dar atrofi digar shahrhoi jumhuri niz chunin boghoi milli-madani tashkil karda meshavand.

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