Home / Biologiya / BESHAI PALANGON – MAMNUGOH

BESHAI PALANGON – MAMNUGOH

Mamnugohi «Beshai palangon» nakhustin mamnugohi Tojikiston meboshad. On 4 noyabri soli 1939 muvofiqi qarori Komissariati khalqii ziroati jumhuri baron muhofizati sarvathoi kompleksi tabiii beshazori sohili daryohoi Osiyoi Miyona, az jumla baroi muhofizati hayvonoti kamyob va guzaronidani tadqiqothoi ilmi tashkil karda shuda bud. On vaqt masohatash 50 hazor ga bud.

beshai-palangon

In mamnugoh az soli 1947 ba ikhtiyori shubai Tojikistonii AI sobiqi ittihodi SHuravi va dertar ba ikhtiyori Akademiyai ilmhoi Tojikiston guzasht. Dar solhoi Jangi Buzurgi Vatani masohati in mamnugoh 7.8 hazor gektarro tashkil mekard. Soli 1951 maydoni «Beshai palangon» az nav to 29 hazor ga vase karda shud. Bo qarori SHuroi Vazironi Tojikiston az 9 mayi soli 1959 masohati on to ba 41 hazor ga vase gardida ba ikhtiyori Kumitai khojagii jangali nazdi Hukumati jumhuri guzaronda shud. Holo maydoni ii mamnugoh 52 hazor ga buda, dar ikhtiyori Vazorati hifzi tabiati jumhury meboshad.

Az shahri Dushanbe to markazi mamnugoh 200 km ast. Balandii sathi on az sathi bahr 323-325 m meboshad. Baze nuqtahoi on Qashkadum to 350 m. Hochakoziyon to 1000-1200 m balandi dorand. Dar mamnugoh az boqimondahoi majroi kuhnai daryoi Vakhsh kulho paydo shudaand, ki on jo nabototi obii gunogun parvarish meyobad. Bazei in kulho 2 km va az in ham ziyodtar darozi doshta, chuquriashon to 10 m meboshad, Darhkhakiqat tobistoni in jo khele garm buda, harorati havo go 45-460 merasad. Az soati 14-00 to soati 18-00 harorati havo benihoyat baland shuda, jonvaron ba lonahoi khud yo ba zeri buttaho pinhon meshavand. In garmii ziyod dar kulu botloq bukhorshavii obro ba amal ovarda. havoro khele namnok mekunad. Bad ruz ba shabi nisbatan salqin tabdil yofta. harorati havo to 10-150 past meshavad. Hamin tariq harorati miyonai shabonaruzy ba 350 merasad.

Beshai Palangon sheron

Kulhoi mamnugohi «Beshai palangon» ba gayr az zagoramohi az Namudhoi digari mohi jandon boy nestand. Zagoramohii in cho to 8 kg vazn dorad. Laqqamohiho niz duchor meshavand, ki on az laqqamohii daryoi Vakhsh nisbatan khurdand. Dar kulhoi in jo yak namoyandai ajoibi mohiho — gambuziya zindagi karda, beshtar zochai pashshai varajaro khurda nest mekunad. In mohi soli 1938 ba posnobi Vakhsh cap doda shuda bud. Vay tez afzoish yofta, holo dar hamai kulhoi mamnugoh vase pahn shudaasg. Lopatanos (belbini) nom mohi tanho dar daryohoi Amu va Sir, dar havzai Missisipii Amerikai SHimoli duchor meshavad.

Hazandagoni mamnugoh gunogunand. Dar in jo morhoi aynakdor, afi va gurzaduchor meshavand, ki baroi odam khavfnokand. Morhoi aynakdor va gurza dar tuqayzor, morkhoi afi boshad, dar chulu regzor zindagi mekunand. Dar hududi mamnugoh az khazandagoni kalon «timsohi biyobon», yane kaltakalos vomekhurad. Darozii vay ba 1.2-1,5 m merasad. In kaltakalosi timsohshakl odatan dar lonai zerizaminii hayvonoti digar zindagi mekunad. Huroki asosii vay mush, kallamush, hasharot, mor, kajdumu karokurt meboshad.

MAKON DAR HARITA

Dar olami hayvonoti mamnugoh asosan parrandaho mavqei muhimro ishgol mekunand. Murgi dashti «tovusi tilloy»-i in

Mamnugoh meboshal. Dar tuqayzori mamnugoh beshtar az 34 namudn shirkhuron mavjud budand, vale holo 33 namudi shirkhuronro didan mumkin ast. Az bayni onho palangi turoniro nombar kardan mumkin ast, ki okhirin izi in palash mohi marti soli 1953 qayd karda shuda bud.

Dar mamnugokh gurg, shagol, ruboh, kaftor, jayra, gurbai yoboi va baze namudhoi hayvonoti darrandai mushohida mumkin ast. Holo dar in mamnugoh nutriya parvarish karda meshavad, ki vay bori avval ba in jo az Ozarboyjon ovarda shuda bud. Dar biyoboni mamnugohi «Beshai palangon» ohu, dar tuqayzorhoyash khukhoi yoboi niz zindagi mekunand. Dar kuhhoi Hojakoziyon boshad, gusfandoni yoboy — muflonho duchor meshavand. YAke az Namudhoi garonbahoi in mamnugoh gavazni tuqay, yo ki khongul meboshad. vale sarshumorash khele kam ast. In mamnugoh dar jumkhuri bo gunogunii nodiri tabiat joyi asosiro megirad. Buttazorhoi anbuhi kasnoguzari in jo nishone az tukayzorhoi daryohoi Osiyoi Miyona ba hisob meravand, ki omukhtani on ahamiyati ilmy dorad

Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

dandon-pizishk

Homiladoron chitavr dandonhoro nigohubin namoyand

Tashrifi dandonpizishk har nim sol, yak marotiba tavsiya karda meshavad. Bo faro rasidani davrai homiladori …