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MAMNUGOHI «ROMIT»

Dar domanahoi janubii silsilai kukhi Hisor soli 1959 duyumin mamnugohi Tojikiston mamnugohi «Romit» tashkil shuda bud. Mamnugohi mazkur beshtar az 16 hazor ga maydonro ishgol karda, dar bayni daryohhoi Sorbo va Sardai Mizna voqe gashtaast. Balandii masohati mamnugoh az sathi bahr az 1176 to 3200 m baland ast. Dar in jo du mingaqaro didan mumkin ast. YAke beshazori kuhi, ki dar balandii 1100-2800 m voqe ast va on jo darakhtoni pahnbarg va archa mesabzand. Digare rastanihoi subalpi, ki dar balandii 2800-3200 m meruyand.

Muvofiqi taqsimoti mamuri, in mamnugoh ba nohiyai Kofarnihon tobs ast. Masofai bayni mamnugoh to sh. Dushanbe 70 km. meboshad. Miqdori solonai borishog 800-900 mm-ro tashkil karda, barfu boroi asosan dar bahoru zimiston meborad. Harorati miyonai solona 9-100 tobiston +38 garm zimiston havo to 200 khunuk meshavad. Dar in cho 213 ruzi sol davrai garmi meboshad. Barf dar dahai seyumi mohi noyabr borida, to okhiri mohi aprel ob nameshavad. Gafsii barf to ba 58 sm merasad.

romit

Dar mintakahoi poyontari jangali kuhi darakhthoi pahnbarg va az on bolotar archa meruyad. Jangali pahnbargi in cho az buttayu darakhthoi chormagz, seb, olucha, gut, dulona va gayra iborat aet. Dar sohilhoi daryoho, juyho va chashmaho beshtar safedor, bed va bazan darakhti tus vomekhurad. Az mintaqai darakhtoni pahnbarg bologar darakhti  suzanbarg, yane archazir, ki dar zeri soyai on beshtar khukhoi yoboi va khirsro didan mumkin ast. Mintaqai subarktikii mamnugohro alafzori baland faro giriftaast.

Dar daryohoi mamnugohi «Romit» yake az mohihoi garonbaho — gulmohii jayhuni zindagi mekunad. Muvofiqi malumoti olimon, gulmohii in jo kalon buda, vaznash ba 3 kg merasad. Gulmohi tanho dar obi seroksigen va khunuk zindagi mekunad. Dar poyonobi daryo gulmohi duchor nameshavad.

Az khazandagonn mamnugoh du namudi mori zakhrdor, gurza va shitomordnnk (mori kaltadumi siyohrang)-ro khotirrason kardan mumkin ast.

Dar  mamnugoh inchunin morhoi oby va khazandagoni digarro niz didan mumkin ast. Dar fasli tobiston olami parrandagoni in jo gunogun va jolibi diqqatand. Dar beshai kuhii in jo ba uzori miqdori ziyodi parrandahoi khushkhon meoyand. Dar bayni onho zarguldori hindustoni diqqati kasro beshtar ba khud jalb mekunad. Dar in mamnugoh kabk va ulor (murgn kuhi) beshtar duchor meshavad. Dar darahoi dastnorasi in jo hazorho kabutaroni yoboi lona guzoshtaand. Olami shirkhuroni kuhi dar in jo khele gunogunand. Masalan, khirsi nokhunsafed zindagi mekunad. Az sababi vayron kardani qoidahoi shikor miqdori on kam shudaast. Dar darahoi baland, dar bayni kharsangho, yo ki dar margzorhoi balandkuhi «Romit» guruhhoi na chandon sershumori buzhoi kuhi. okhuro didan mumkin ast. Dar poyontari in mamnugoh joyi makhsusi nigohubini gavazni bukhori — khongul tashkil karda shudaast.

Dar kuhhoi «Romit» ruboh, kashqaldoq va jayra niz duchor meshavand. Vazni jayrai in cho to 25 kg meboshad. Bazan dar darahoi in mamnugoh ovozi gunoguni shagodon ba gush merasand. Gayr az in darrandagoni gurbamonand, az jumla palangi barfi duchor meshavad, vale miqdorash kam ast.

Dar daryoi purtalotumi in mamnugoh vidra niz zindagi mekunad.

Holo zarurati tashkil kardani mamnugoh 4-um dar Pomir ba mnyon omadaast, ki on ba nigohdoshtani flora (rastani), faunai (hayvonoti) zeboi sarzamini balandkuh musoidat mekunal. Dar davrai hozira be vase kardani masohati mamnugoh nigoh doshtani namudhoi nodiri hayvonot va nabototn on jo imkonnopazir ast.

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