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AORTA

aortyAORTA (Aorta), shohrag, abhar, ragi sharayoni, ki az medachai chapi dil ibtido megirad. A. az qismi bolorav, kamonak va qismi poyonrav iborat ast. Qismi poyonrav to nazdi diafragma A.-i sina nom dorad. Qismi az diafragma poyoni onro A.-i shikam menomand. On dar saviyai muhrai IV miyon ba sharayon (arteriya)-hoi tihigohii umumii rost va chap judo meshavad. Har sharayoni tihigohii umumi du shokhcha dorad: sharayoni dokhilii tihigoh (devora va uzvhoi kosro bo khun tamin mesozad) va sharayoni berunii tihigoh (ba sharayoni ron tabdil meyobad). SHarayoni ron sershokha buda, khunro ba andomhoi poyon mefiristad (sharayoni tahtizonui, sharayonhoi peshu qafoi ustukhonhoi kalon va khurdi soq, sharayoni kafi po).
Az qismi boloravi A. dar nazdi piyozaki on (joe, ki A. vase megardad) sharayonhoi iklilii rost va chap ibtido meyoband. Onho dilro bo khun tamin mesozand. Az jonibi rosti kamoni A. ba sui chap shokhai kitfu sar, sharayonhoi umumii chapi khob va zeri chanbar sar meshavand. Az A.-i sina shokhaho ba uzvhoi darun (surkhruda, trakheya, bronkhho, perikard), devorai javfi sina va diafragma meravand. Tavassuti surokhi aortavii diafragma A. ba javfi shikam meguzarad. Az A.-i shikam ba devorahoi diafragma va shikam, hamchunin ba meda, jigar, gadudi zeri meda, sipurz, ruda, gurdaho, gadudhoi boloi gurda va jinsi shokhaho judo meshavand. Nig. niz Silsilai dilu ragho.
KL
Aorta va shokhahoi on: 1 – qismi sinagii aorta; 2 – arteriyahoi bayniqaburgavii qafo; 3 – shokhai batni; 4 – arteriyahoi kamar; 5 – dushokha shudani aorta; 6 – arteriyai mobaynii chorband; 7 – arteriyai umumii tihigohi rost; 8 – qismi batnii aorta; 9 – arteriyai masoriqai poyon; 10 – arteriyai tukhmdoni rost; 11 – arteriyai gurdai rost; 12 – arteriyai masoriqai bolo; 13 – arteriyai diafragmavii rosti poyon; 14 – piyozaki aorta; 15 – arteriyai iklilii rost; 16 – qismi boloravi aorta; 17 – kamoni aorta; 18 – tanai kitfusari; 19 – arteriyai subotii umumii chap; 20 – arteriyai tahtichanbarii chap.

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