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Dar bayoni bulug va khudoshinosi

Dar bayoni bulug va khudoshinosi.

Bidon, ki bulug du nav ast, yake hukmi, digare haqiqi, ammo bulugi hukmii pisaron az duvozdah-ponzdah solagist va bulugi haqiqii onho, vakte ast, ki u ehtilom meshavad, yane uro dar khobash shayton fireb medihad va ob mebinad. Dar in vaqt u boligi haqiqi meshavad va uro lozim ast, ki gusl kunad.

Tariqai gusl kardan chunin ast: avval tahorat mekunad, bad se bor dahonashro va se bor biniyashro ob megardonad. Bad hamai badanashro se bor meshuyad, to vaqte, ki yagon muyash khushk namonad. Agar zeri yak muyash khushk monad az janobat pok nameshavad.

Bulugi dukhtaron boshad, hukmiash az nuh solagist va haqiqiyash, vaqte ki ehtilom meshavad, yo in ki hayz mebinad.

Hayz khunest, ki az bachadoni zani boliga merezad. Kamtari vay se ruz ast va bisyorash dah ruz ast. CHun dukhtar az hayz pok shavad, ba vay niz gusl kardan ba tariqi guftashuda lozim megardad.

Nifos ham makhsusi zanon ast va nifos khunest, ki bad az kudak meoyad. Kamtari on muayyan nest va bisyorash chil ruzast.

Dah ruz dar hayz va chil ruz dar nifos dar haqqi dukhtaron va zanonest, ki bori avval hayz mebinand yo farzandi nakhustinro tavallud mekunand. Agar zan se bor hayz binad yo se kudak tavallud kunad, dar haqqi u odat etibor ast. CHunonchi dukhtarest, ki az se dafa bad, dar panj ruz qoq meshavad, odati u dah ne, balki panj ruz ast, yo zane, ki bad az se farzand dar bist ruz qoq meshavad, nifosi u chil ruz ne, balki bist ruz ast. Agar muhlati baze zanho az in misoli ovardashuda ziyodtar yo kamtar boshad, hamaashro ba hamin qiyos kuned.

Zani dar hayz yo dar nifos buda korhoi zerinro haqqi ijro kardan nadorad: namoz namekhonad, ruza namegirad, Kuron namekhonad, dar masjid namedaroyad, tavofi khonai Kaba namekunad, bo mard hamkhoba nameshavad.

Zani az nifos pok shuda niz gusl mekunad. Bad ruzaro qazo medorad va namozro ne. Dar mavzui hayz va nifos sukhanho bisyor ast, joyhoi nofahmi boshad, az shakhsoni donishmand bipursed, chunki man in jo mukhtasaran ovardam.

Ey barodar va khohari azizu mekhrubon, tu ki ba balogat rasidi, vaqgi beparvoi va shukhiyu boziyat guzasht. Vaqti on rasidast, ki tu bo dilu jon Hudoro bishnosi va guftahoi uro ba jo biyori, chunki hamai in sharoithoro hazrati  Hudovandi azizu mehrubon baroi movu tu ato kardaast. YAne tani sihat, chashmi bino, gushi shunavo va gayra. CHunon zindagoni kun, ki guftaand: Tu chunin budi, ki vaqti omadanat tu giryon budivu hama khandon, aknui chunon zih, ki vaqti raftanat hama giryon boshandu tu khandon. YAne vaqte ki tu tavallud shudi, tu giryon budi va mardum khandon budand, ki kudak tavallud shud va tu chunon zindagonii botoat va ibodat kun, ki vaqti az dunyo raftanat hama ba margi tu girya kunand va tu, ki khudoparast va bo taqvo boshi, khandon meravi.

Barodar va khohari aziz, pesh az hama boyad, ki Hudovandi qodiru tavonoro bishnosi va imoni fitriro mustahkam karda, kamol dihi. YAne kalimai Tayibaro, ki “Lo ilokha illalohu Muhammadur-rasululloh” ast, bar zaboi biguy va ba dil tasdiq va bovar kuni, ki nest Hudoe magar Alloh taolo va Muhammad alayhi-s-salom paygambari barhaq ast.

Rasuli akram (s) farmudaand: kase ,ki nafsi khudro bishnosad, parvardigori khudro meshinosad, yane kase dar ofarinishi khud fikr kunad, mefahmad, ki Hudoi mutaol uro az yak qatra obi palid ba in surati zebo ofarid va hamai azohoi uro shakli mutadil va zebo dod. Baroi misol chashmro girem, ham sababi zeboii most, kham sababi binoii most. Agar nigoh kunem, dar yak nazar kardan chandin farsah duriro bedushvori mebinem, be on ki ba u quvvai barq hamroh kunem yo in ki yagon murvati uro tobem, yo in ki fikru khayolro misol  ovarem. Agar khohem davroni kudaki va javoniro ba khotir ovarem, darhol davroni javoni dar peshamon ayon meshavad, be on ki lentaro ba qafo gardonem, yo ba u quvvae hamroh kunem.

Agar dahonro misol orem, ham sababi zebogii most, ham mavzei sukhaguii most, ham mavzei taomkhurii most. Hulosai kalon in ki har yak azoi mo chandin korero ijro mekunad, ki har kadomash ba sanati ilohi dalolat mekunand.

SHumo fikr kuned, baroi sokhtani yak arobachai kudaki sozanda va ofaranda lozim ast. In dunyo bo in kaloni zaminu osmon, oftobu mohtob, kuhu daryoho be sozanda va ofaranda hej goh va hargiz ba vuchud nameoyand.

Hikoyat. Ovardaand, ki dar zamoni hukumati podshoh Mamun az shahri Rum ba nazdi u tabibe firistodand. Tabib bisyor donishmand bud, ba darajae, ki sesad kasro jam ovardand va har yake az onho ba shishaho peshob kardand va shishahoro bo yakdigar ivaz kardand. YAke shishai digarero girifta ba peshi tabib meburd. Hatto peshobhoi chand nafarero dar yak shisha andokhta, ba nazdi u burdand. Donishmandii u chunon bud, ki sohibi aslii har kadomi on shishahoro yofta, dorui onhoro muayyan menamud. Hama az donishmandii u hayron shudand, lekin u ba Hudo bovar nadosht.

Meguft: agar kase bar hastii Hudo dalel orad, man musalmon meshavam. Olimhoi Rum az daleli bovaribakhsh ovardan ojiz mondand. Hama jam shuda mashvarat namudand va guftand, ki dar falon deha Hoja Ahmad guftani shakhsi donishmandest, u metavonad, bo tabib bahs kunad. Podshoh baroi ovardani u shakhsero ravon kard va voqearo ba vay rasonidand.

Hoja Ahmad guft: shumo majlisro tashkil kuned va uro ba

sukhan mashgul gardoned, man dertar meoyam. Maro suol kuned, ki charo der omadi? To man javob guyam.

Hamchunon mahfil orostand. Hoja andake dertar ba majlis hozir shud.

Podshoh az vay pursid: Hoja, charo der omadi?

Hoja guft: ba labi daryo raftam, to in ki tahorat kunam, ajoibero didam, ba tamoshoi on der mondam.

Podshoh guft: chi didi?

Hoja guft: didam, ki darakhte az zamin baromad be on ki uro kase biburad, biyaftod va dar zamon takhtaho shud va dar yakdigar basta shud. Va be duredgar kishti shud va be ronanda ba rui ob ravon shud. Mashguli tamoshoi in shudamu der mondam.

Tabib in sukhanro shunida guft: in piri behudaguy omadaast, ki bo man bahs kunad, in devona ast, bahsro nashoyad.

Hoja guft:‘behudaguy va devona charoyam?

Tabib guft: Muhol meguyi. Hargiz darakht hud namebaroyad, ki khud aftoda takhta shavad va dar yakdigar basta shavad va be duredgar kishti shavadu be ronanda dar ob ravon shavad.

Hoja guft: pas, ey nojavonmard, vaqte ki dar sokhtani yak kishti in muhol omad, ki be sozanda dar ob ravon nashavad, olame bad-in orostagi chi guna besone biboshad va in osmon bad-in balandi va in zamin bad-in mahkami va in chandin hazor surat bad-in zeboi khud ba khud chi guna mavchud shavand? Kase, ki olamro be sone guyad, pas behudaguy va devona u boshad.

Tabib hayron shuda lahzae andeshid, bad az on cap barovarda guft: bar khud takabur natavon kard va guft: lo iloha ilallohu Muhammadu-r-rasululloh va musulmon shud. * * *

Ey barodar, gar tu hasti haqtalab,

Juz ba farmoni khudo makshoy lab.

 

Hoja in sukhanro az baroi hujjat guft, na baroi durug guftan.

Barodar va khohari aziz, khudovandro, ki shinokhti, boyad ba guftahoi u amal namoi, to ki dar dunyo va qiyomat sarbaland va obrumand boshi.

SHakhse, ki davoi musalmoni mekunad, u boyad bidonad, ki imon chist? Va islom chist? Va din chist? Hazrati Imomi Azam rahmatullohu alayhi meguyad, ki imon iqror kardan ast ba zabon va ustuvor doshtan ast ba dil, hamin kalimai sharifro – lo iloha ilallohu Muhammadu-r-rasululloh, yane nest khudoe gayri khudoi taborak va taolo va Muhammad firistodai khudoi taolost.

Islom boshad, khudro ba shariat suporidan va amrhoi shariatro ba gardan giriftan ast. Imon be islom va islom be imon durust nameshavad, chunonchi pusht be shikam nameshavad va shikam be pusht. YAne insone, ki shikam doshta boshad va pusht nadoshta boshad, u zinda namemonad va inchunin insone, ki pusht doshta boshad va shikam nadoshta boshad zinda namemonad. Az in fahmida meshavad, kase ki ba khudo bovar doshta boshad va amalhoi islomiro ba jo nayorad, imoni vay komil nest yo amalhoi islomiro ba do orad va ba khudo bovar nadoshta boshad, imoni u niz komil nest. Baroi hamin kushish kardan lozim ast, ki badi khudoro shinokhtan amalhoi islomiro ba jo biovari.

Din nomest, ki dar bar megirad imonro va islomro va hamai hukmhoi shariatro, yane imon jam meshavad, islom jam meshavad va hamai hukmhoi shariat jam meshavand va dinro tashkil mekunand va inson shakhsi dindor meshavad. Baroi on ki movu shumo shakhsi dindori komil shavem, boyad guftahoi zerinro ijro namoem.

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