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VANNAHOI HAVOi VA OFTOBi

silnechniye-vanniVANNAHOI HAVOi VA OFTOBi, bo maqsadi tabobat va obutobi bemoron istifoda burdani khosiyathoi shifobakhshi havo va energiyai afkanishoti oftob. V. omili muhimi muolijai sanatoriyu kurorti buda, asosi klimatoterapiya (muolija bo iqlim)-ro tashkil medihand. Vannahoro muvofiqi tavsiyai dukhtur metavon har ruz qabul kard.
Vannahoi havoi. Havoi toza ba badani tamoman yo qisman luch tasir merasonad; muolija dar zeri ayvon yak navi vannahoi havoist; bemoron muvofiqi mavsim libos pushida dar ayvonhoi kushod muddati ziyod daroz mekashand (dar havoi sard az kurpai narm, khobkhalta istifoda mebarand). Hangomi qabuli vannahoi havoi nasimi foram ba asabhoi pust tasir rasonda, nafaskashiro behtar va khunro az oksigen tamin mesozad. Dar ayni zamon oksidshavi va mubodilai moddaho afzuda, faoliyati mushakho, asab va tanzimi harorat behtar, ishtiho khub va khob murattab megardad. Vannahoi havoi khosa dar mahalhoe mufidand, ki havo miqdori ziyodi oksigen, namaki bahr va aeroionhoi sabuk dorad.
Vannahoi havoiro dukhtur mefarmoyad. Onhoro baroi obutobi organizm, khususan organizmi kudakon, tobovari ba tasiri nomusoidi muhit, inchunin hangomi baze bemoriho, mas., sili shush va uzvhoi digar, amrozi asab, baze illathoi dilu rag va g. tavsiya mekunand. Istifodai vannahoi havoi dar mavridi varajai shadid, tarbod, artrit , nevrit va miozit noravost.
Vannahoi havoi metavonand garm (ziyoda az 220), salqin (17 – 200) va sard (0 – 80) boshand. Muolijaro dar mavridi az 200 S bolo budani harorati havo sar mekunand. On avval 10 – 15 daq. idoma meyobad; soni har ruz 10 – 15 daq. ilova karda, to ba 1,5 – 2 soat merasonand. Vannahoi sardro avval 3 – 7 daq. qabul mekunand; bad muhlati onho ba 20 – 60 daq. rasonda meshavad. Hangomi havo dodani badan agar haror. az 170 S past boshad, pas bo mashqhoi sabuki jismoni mashgul shudan lozim ast. Vannahoi sard ba odamoni jisman obutobyofta tavsiya meshavand, muhlati qabul boyad az 7 – 20 daq. ziyod naboshad. Hamin ki bemor khunuk khurd yo pust «murgak zad», proseduraro favran qat mekunand.
Vannahoi oftobi. Tarkibi shuoi oftob va tasiri on ba organizm yakrang nest. SHuoi oftob az nurhoi didashavanda (ravshanidihanda), inchunin az nurhoi baroi chashm nopadidi infrasurkh va ultrabunafsh iborat ast. SHuoi ravshanidihanda asosan ba pardai shabakiyai chashm tasir merasonad, ki in baroi darki olam zarur ast. Az tasiri shuoi infrasurkh boftaho garm va harorati qismi shuokhurdai pusti badan baland meshavad. SHuoi ultrabunafsh tasiri murakkabi biologi dorad. Az vannahoi oftobi muvofiqi tavsiyai dukhtur hangomi muolijai yak qator bemorihoi pustu bandho, radikulit, nevrit, sili ustukhonu bugum va g. istifoda mekunand. Onro chun omili obutobi organizm baroi peshgirii gripp, dardi gulu, nazla niz istifoda burdan mumkin. Dar mavridi bemorihoi shadid, khuruji bemorihoi muzmini shush, uzvhoi hozima va g. ziyon dorad.
Vannahoi oftobi umumi (oftobdihii tamomi badan) va juzi (oftobdihii yagon qismi tan) meshavand. Radiatsiyai umumii oftob az tasiri bevositai nurho, radiatsiyai parokanda boshad, dar joi soya az aksi devori binoho, sathi zamin, ob va g. ba vujud meoyad. SHuohoi ultrabunafshi radiatsiyai parokanda (az osmoni nilgun) nisbat ba radiatsiyai bevosita kamtarand (yane tasiri onho chandon ziyod nest). SHuodihii oftobi (radiatsiyai bevosita)-ro baroi odamoni kalonsolu solim az 5 daq. sar karda, tadrijan 5 daqiqagi ilova menamoyand va ba 40 daq. merasonand. Dar in mavrid avzoi umumii shakhs va darajai obutob yoftani u ba etibor girifta meshavad. Hangomi istifodai radiatsiyai bevosita badanro avval 10 daq. oftob doda, sipas muhlati tadbirhoi muolijaviro to 1 – 2 soat (agar havo garm boshad) ziyod mekunand. Vannahoi oftobiro dar nimkati muloim daroz kashida yo dar bashezlong (kursii makhsus) nishasta qabul kardan lozim ast (dar in asno tarafhoi gunoguni badanro ba oftob gardondan darkor).
Pesh az vannai oftobi vannai havoi megirand. Dar vaqti radiatsiyai bevosita sarro ba chatr yo sachoq boyad soya kard. Baroi ehtiyot ba chashm aynaki siyoh mondan lozim, chunki luobpardai chashm (multahima) qarniyai muhofizati nadorad va ba tasiri shuo hassos buda, gazak giriftanash az ehtimol dur nest. Ba dili nahor yo bevosita pesh az khurok yo hamonzamon badi on badanro oftob namedihand. In kor yakbora badi obbozi niz zarar dorad. Pusti odamone, ki az bemori kamquvvat gashtaand, ba shuoi ultrabunafsh nihoyat hassos meshavad. Aksar vaqt chunin hassosiyati baland ba sokinoni shimol, onhoe, ki qismi ziyodi ruzro dar binohoi pushida meguzaronand, inchunin ba navrason, pironsolon, zanoni homila va khususan bachagoni khurdsol khos ast.
Hangomi qabuli vannahoi oftobi makhsusan kudakonro ehtiyot kardan zarur ast. Sari kudak boyad bo kuloh pushonida shavad. Barobari garm shudani havo, kudakro favran luch kardan joiz nest. Biguzor u avval bo ezorcha va kurtai tunuk, sipas, bo ezorcha va mayka va faqat badi in bo ezorcha gardad va kuloh pushad. Baroi on ki badan az had ziyod natasfad va shuodihii ultrabunafsh az had naguzarad, sari har chand vaqt dar soya dam giriftan lozim ast (nig. Sinni kudaki, Sinni tomaktabi).
Tasiri shuoi ultrabunfsh dar kishvarhoi janub va kuhsor ziyodtar ast. Sokinoni shimol, ki dar janub istirohat mekunand, qabuli vannahoi oftobiro behtarash pagohiruzi dar joi soya (dar zeri ayvoni bomash turin) yo dar havoi tira (dar in vaqt zaminro beshtar radiatsiyai parokanda faro megirad) sar kunand. Dar mintaqai miyona va nohiyahoi shimoli az soati 11 to 13 vaqti behtarini qabuli vannahoi oftobi mahsub meyobad. Baroi odamoni 55 – 65-sola az shuoi oftob hamagi 20 – 30 daq. bahra burdan kofist. Odamoni az on kalonsoltar khudro boyad az tasiri bevositai shuoi oftob hifz namoyand. Baroi onho oftob dodani badan dar joyi soya to soati 11 yo bad az soati 16 – 17 manfiatbakhsh ast. Meyori mutadili nurhoi ultrabunafsh tamomi pusti badanro barobar siyohtob megardonad.
SHuogirii az had ziyod ba organizm tasiri noguvor rasonda, boisi suzishi pust, bazan nekroz (tabohii bofta), oftobzani, shalpari, dardi sar, bedorkhobi, baland shudani harorat, avj giriftani baze kasaliho megardad.
V.-ro fasli tobiston dar plyajho, dar rui kathoi chubini zeri ayvonhoi makhsus va solyariyayu aerosolyariyaho (sufahoi oftobruya), ki dar chorbogho, sohili daryovu havzahoi ob voqe gashtaand, inchunin dar peshayvonhoi makhsus qabul mekunand. Zimiston dar kurortho baroi vannahoi havoi shipanghoi garm, baroi vannahoi oftobi boshad, ayvonhoi pardapushro, ki shuoi ultrabunafshro meguzaronand, istifoda mebarand.

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