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MUBODILAI MODDAHO VA NERU

metabolizm

MUBODILAI MODDAHO VA NERU, metabolizm, majmui jarayoni tagyiroti khimiyavii moddahoyu neru (energiya) dar organizmhoi zinda va mubodilai moddahoyu neru bayni organizmu muhit. M. asosi faoliyati hayoti, nishonai khosi materiyai zinda buda, zindaro az gayrizinda farq mekunad. Har navi hayvonot mubodilai khosae dorad, ki on ba khususiyathoi irsi, jins, sinnu sol, …

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MUBODILAI MINERALHO

mineral

MUBODILAI MINERALHO, majmui ravandhoi jabbish, hazm, tabdil va ikhroji moddahoe, ki dar organizm dar shakli payvasthoi gayriorganiki (minerali) vujud dorand. Moddahoi minerali bahri nigoh doshtani muvozanati kislotayu ishqorho va fishori osmosii moei hujayra ahamiyati kalon dorand, dar kashishi mushakho, reaksiyahoi sershumori fermenti ishtirok mekunand. Ikhtiloli M. m. mujibi paydoishi bemorihoi …

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MUBODILAI KARBOGIDRATHO

karbogidrat

MUBODILAI KARBOGIDRATHO, majmui ravandhoi hazm, hosil shudan, tajziya va az organizm khorij gashtani angishtobho va moddahoi angishtobdor. Baroi M. k. dar boftahoi odam va hayvonot ahamiyati glyukoza kalon ast. Manbai on dar organizm glikogen (khususan glikogeni jigar) va krakhmali gizohoi naboti meboshand. Glyukoza hamchunin metavonad az moddahoi gayriangishtobi dar jarayoni …

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MUBODILAI CHARBU

charb

MUBODILAI CHARBU, majmui tabadduloti charbu va dig. lipidho dar organizmi odam. Ba M. ch. mansuband: hazm gashtani charbuyu (triglitseridho) lipidhoi gizo va jabbishi mahsuli tajziyai onho, khususan kislotahoi ravgan dar rohi medayu rudaho; mubodilai mobaynii charbu va mahsuli tajziyai onho dar organizm; az organizm khorij shudani charbu va mahsuli tajziyai …

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MUBODILAI OBU NAMAK

ob

MUBODILAI OBU NAMAK, majmui ravandhoi istifodai obu namak (elektrolit)-ho, jabbish, taqsimot va az organizm khorij shudani onho. Talaboti shaboruzii odam ba ob taqr. 2,2 l ast, ki 1 l onro u ba tavassuti gizo megirad. Dar yak shaboruz gurdaho 1 – 1,2 l va rudaho taqr. 0,2 l ob khorij …

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Kitobi namoz ba zaboni tojiki (bepul)

kitobi-namoz

Kitobi qoidai Namoz khondan ba zaboni tojiki bo harfhoi kirili dar in fayli zamimashuda ovarda shudaast ki giriftavu khondani on roygon ast, yane bepul. SHumorai sahifai kitob iborat az 128 sahifa va dar on na tanho dar borai tartibi khonadani namoz tibqi mazhabi Abu Hanifa balki dar on malumot oidi …

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Kodeksi mehnati Jumhurii Tojikiston s. 2016

kodeksi-mehnati-jumhurii-tojikiston-2016

(Akhbori Majlisi Olii Jumhurii Tojikiston, s. 2016, №7, mod. 604) FASLI I. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI. BOBI 1. MUQARRAROTI ASOSI. Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi. Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba mehnat. Moddai 3. Vazifahoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba mehnat.  Moddai 4. Prinsiphoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston oid ba mehnat. Moddai 5. Ozodii …

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