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Sifat chist?

Savol: Sifat chist?

Javob: Sifat in yake az hissahoi nutqi insoni buda manoi makhsus dorad. Sifat khud az nomi khud malum ast, ki ba sifati predmetho (ashyoho) baho medihad va ba chigunagii onho javob medihad. Sifat ba khususiyat, alomatho, namud, shakl va umuman chigunagii predmetho baho medihad. Sifat ba savolhoi «CHi khel», «CHi guna» va gohho «Kadom» javob medihad.

Masalan. Dar jumlai «Moshini sabz ba kuhi baland baromad». Dar in jumla ba haysi sifat kalimahoi zerin taaluq dorand:

  1. Sabz
  2. Baland

CHi tavre, ki mebined dar in jumla du kalima ba savolhoi «CHi khel» javob medihand va inhoro hamchun sifat javob dodan mumkin.

Sifat chist

Digar misol. Jumlai daroztar, ki dar dokhilash sifathoi ziyod hastand.

Afzalsho SHodiev – in saroyanda mashhuri tojik meboshad va u dar tarraqqiyoti sanati millati voloi khud sahmi bosazoi khudro guzoshtaast va mefakhrad, ki hissai nochizi u dili hazoron odamonro bolidatar megardonad.

Dar in jumla kalimahoe, ki sifat meboshand bo rangi surkh ishora shudaand.

Agar oddi karda guem pas «Sifat» in hamon sifati molu ashyoro mefahmondagi chiz ast. Masalan kalimahoi:

  1. Balandi,
  2. Zardi,
  3. Kalontarin,
  4. Devonatarin,
  5. Boigari,

Sifat meboshand.

Dar zaboni tojiki dilkhoh ismro (predmetro) ba sifat tabdil dodan oson ast. Masalan kalimai «Kambagal» in ism ast va agar onro agar sifat kardan khohem pas az aqibi in kalima harfi «i»-ro meguzoremu ba «kambagali» – sifat tabdil medihem.  Maslan dar jumla nigared chikhelin meshavad.

SHodi SHabdolov meguyad, ki u kambagal ast vale balo zanad kambagaliro, ki u dar hayotash tamoman libosi navro namepushad.

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