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Namudho va janrhoi sanati tasviri

Sanati tasviri hamchun janr zamoni paydoishi inson ba vujud omad va yodgorii tarikhii mazkur dar sohai sanati tasviri to za- moni mo hamchun meros boqi bimond. Az ruyi in asarho mo donista metavonem, ki ruzgori odamon dar zamonhoi qadim chi guna bud. Dar sinfhoi ibtidoi shumo bo namudhoi sanati tasviri: grafi­ka, rassomi, haykaltaroshi, sanati oroishiyu amali va memori oshnoi paydo karda buded. Baze namudhoi sanati tasviriro ba khotir meorem.

Grafika yak namudi sanati tasviri mahsub meyobad. Grafika (az yun. grapho – menavisam, tasvir menamoyam) – tasvir dar sath bo yorii khatho, rakhho, surobho, dogho va tobishho. Grafikaro sanati siyohu safed niz menomand.

Saymaluu-Tash. Qirgiziston.
Saymaluu-Tash. Qirgiziston.
SHikori gavazn. Ispaniya.
SHikori gavazn. Ispaniya.

Az qadimulayyom mardumi qadimi qirgiz urfu odat va anana, zaboni modari, farhang, istiqloliyati kheshro hamchun gavharaki chashm hifz menamoyad. Mo boyad yodgorihoi badeii mardumamon- ro mavridi omuzish qaror doda, onhoro faromush nasozem va az nasl ba nasl boqi bimonem. Az zaboni dostonsaroyoni eposi «Ma­nas» az qadimulayyom to in zamon mo bobati tarikhi mardumi

Saroyandai Sayakbay Karalaev. B. Jumabaev.
Saroyandai Sayakbay Karalaev.
B. Jumabaev.

qirgiz, dar borai jangovaroni muhofizi khalqi khud az istilogaroni ajnabi malu- mot paydo karda metavonem. Eposi mazkur dar jahon purhajmtarin mahsub meyobad. «Manas» ganjinai tilloii tafakkuri khalqi buda, tajribai hazorsolai tarikh va hayoti manavii mardumi qirgizro inikos me- namoyad. Rassomon B. Jumabaev, T. Gersen va digaron silsilai ajibi obrazhoi grafikii qahramonho va syujethoro dar asosi eposi «Manas» ofaridand. Belek Jumabaev dar Qirgizistone na tanho hamchun yake az avvalin rassomoni grafi­ka, naqqoshi, balki inchunin muallifi korho dar tekhnikai sin- kografiya mashhur ast. Dar tekhnikai sinkografiya korhoi badeii «Tulparlar» (aygirho), «Baatir ayimdar» (qahramonmodaron) baroi kitobho ba jo ovarda shudaand. U silsilai portrethoi qahramonhoi asosii eposi «Manas»- ro tibqi naqlhoi doston- saroyoni buzurg ejod namud. Asarhoi B. Jumabaev bo zavqi ba- landi badei, takhayyuloti boyi ejodi tafovut dorand. Tavassuti obrazhoi epos rassom kushish namud, ki khislati millii mardumro oshkor namoyad.

«Manas». T. Gersen
«Manas». T. Gersen

 

 

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