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ZAGOZA

zagozaZAGOZA (Ephedra equisetum), bandak, bireshimkhoma, bugumbutta, buttaest sershokhcha. Az 1,5 to 3 m qad mekashad. SHokhhoyash gafsi khokistarrang, shokhchahoyash boriki bugumdor, tukhmash mudavvari siyoh. May – iyun gul karda, mevaash iyul – avg. mepazad. Dar nishebihoi sersang va shagalzamini sohili daryoho, tarqishi shakhho meruyad. Dar mavzehoi Qurama, kuhi Mevagul, Turkiston, Zarafshon, Hisoru Darvoz (dar balandii 1500 – 3000 m az s.b.) vomekhurad. Zakhirai on dar k-hoi Zarafshon beshtar ast.
Bo maqsadi tabobati shokhchahoi yaksolai sabzi Z.-ro istifoda mebarand. Onro bahoron mohhoi apr. – may va tobiston mohhoi iyul – sent. megundorand. Dar tarkibi shokhchahoi Z. alkaloidhoi efedrin, psevdoefedrin va omekhtai metilefedrin mavjudand. SHokhchahoro bo dos burida, dar havoi kushod khushk mekunand. Dar jumhuri Z.-ro der boz kor mefarmoyand, binobar in zakhirai on khele kam shudaast.
Z. yake az qadimtarin rastanihoi doruist. SHokhchahoi sabzi onro hangomi tarbod, varaja, illati medavu jigar istifoda mekardand. Dar tibbi khalqii sokinoni Osiyoi Markazi bo jushobi shokhchahoi taraki Z. khorishak va zukomro muolija menamoyand, khokistarashro ba jarohat meposhand, az mevaash murabbo pukhta chun davoi tabshikan istemol mekunand. Tabiboni khalqii tojik jushobi Z.-ro chun vositai taqviyatbakhshi kori sisilai dilu ragho, inchunin baroi muolijai varaja, bugumdard va zukom tavsiya medihand.
Dar amaliyai tibbi muosir az Z. alkaloidi efedrin megirand. On az rui sokhtori khimiyavi ba gormoni adrenalin, ki gadudhoi boloi gurda hosil mekunand, shabohat dorad. Dorui «efedrin gidrokhlorid»-ro baroi baland kardani fishori khun (hangomi oseb, jarrohi, talafi khun), muolijai gipotoniya, ziqi nafas, surfakabutak, tablarza, sagles, miasteniya, zahroludi az mavodi mukhaddir va doruhoi khobovar ba kor mebarand.
Ad.: Qobilov N.M., Lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1962; Kovaleva N.G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A.D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A.F., Grom I.I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

Bo maqsadi tabobati shokhchahoi yaksolai sabzi Z.-ro istifoda mebarand. Onro bahoron mohhoi apr. – may va tobiston mohhoi iyul – sent. megundorand. Dar tarkibi shokhchahoi Z. alkaloidhoi efedrin, psevdoefedrin va omekhtai metilefedrin mavjudand. SHokhchahoro bo dos burida, dar havoi kushod khushk mekunand. Dar jumhuri Z.-ro der boz kor mefarmoyand, binobar in zakhirai on khele kam shudaast.
Z. yake az qadimtarin rastanihoi doruist. SHokhchahoi sabzi onro hangomi tarbod, varaja, illati medavu jigar istifoda mekardand. Dar tibbi khalqii sokinoni Osiyoi Markazi bo jushobi shokhchahoi taraki Z. khorishak va zukomro muolija menamoyand, khokistarashro ba jarohat meposhand, az mevaash murabbo pukhta chun davoi tabshikan istemol mekunand. Tabiboni khalqii tojik jushobi Z.-ro chun vositai taqviyatbakhshi kori sisilai dilu ragho, inchunin baroi muolijai varaja, bugumdard va zukom tavsiya medihand.
Dar amaliyai tibbi muosir az Z. alkaloidi efedrin megirand. On az rui sokhtori khimiyavi ba gormoni adrenalin, ki gadudhoi boloi gurda hosil mekunand, shabohat dorad. Dorui «efedrin gidrokhlorid»-ro baroi baland kardani fishori khun (hangomi oseb, jarrohi, talafi khun), muolijai gipotoniya, ziqi nafas, surfakabutak, tablarza, sagles, miasteniya, zahroludi az mavodi mukhaddir va doruhoi khobovar ba kor mebarand.
Ad.: Qobilov N.M., Lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1962; Kovaleva N.G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A.D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A.F., Grom I.I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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