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MIKROFLORAI ODAM

mikrofloraMIKROFLORAI ODAM, majmui mikroorganizmhoe, ki dar uzvu boftahoi odami solim vujud dorad. Mikroflorai har uzv va boftai judogona jihathoi khos doshta, bo mururi sinnu sol, sharoiti zindagi, tagziya va g. tagyir meyobad. M. o. doimi va muvaqqati meshavad. Ba mikroflorai doimii odam mikroorganizmhoe mansuband, ki onho dar tuli tahavvuloti hayot dar pust va joyhoi muayyani organizm mutobiq meshavand. Dar pusti odam bakteriyaho – stafilokokk, streptokokk, inchunin zanburughoi magoru khamirturush (nig. Zanburughoi mikroskopi) zindagi mekunand. Dar javfi dahon to 100 khel mikrorganizmho, az jumla diplokokk, mikrokokk, streptokokk, bakteriyahoi jurgot va g.-ro oshkor kardaand. Qismhoi gunoguni rohi medayu ruda az hamdigar bo miqdor va kheli mikroorganizmhoi dar onho maskun farq mekunand. Odatan, dar medai odam mikroorganizmho nestand, zero shirai meda khususiyati ziddimikrobi dorad. Dar rudai duvozdahangushta va rudai borik niz mikroorganizmho nisbatan kam meboshand. Vale onho dar rudai gafs az hama beshtarand. Dar 1 g pasafkand to 250 mlrd, dar tamomi rudaho boshad, qarib 1015 mikroorganizm mavjud ast.
Mikroorganizmhoe, ki ba jismi odam az havo, ozuqa va ob vorid gashta, zud raho meyoband, mikroflorai muvaqqati mahsub meshavand.
Az rui mushohida dar organizmi hayvone, ki dar sharoiti tamyizi (gnotobiontho) kalon shudaast (yane organizmi vay az bakteriyaho purra emin yofta, az mikroflorai mutadil mahrum mondaast), ikhtiloli baze ravandhoi hayotan muhim, az jumla inkishof nayoftani boftai limfoidi, tagiyr yoftani mubodilai ob, kam shudani miqdori podtanho dar zardobi khun va g. ba amal meoyad.
Tarkibi M. o. az bemorihoi gunogun, inchunin dar asni nodurust istifoda burdani antibiotikho zud tagyir meyobad. Dar natija disbakterioz rukh medihad, ki zimni on moddahoi gizoiro az khud kardani organizm khalal va reaksiyahoi fermentativi tagyir meyoband, hosilshavii vitaminho yakbora sust meshavad va g. CHunin tagyiroti taqsimotu sokhti tarkibii M. o. boisi sar zadani bemorihoi dispepsiyai ruda, toksikoinfeksiya, avjgirii pusish, pnevmoniya va g. megardad.
Hangomi disbakterioz dar organizm mikrobhoe, ki ba yak qator antibiotikho ustuvorand, ziyod meshavand. Peshgirii in kasali to yak daraja ba istifodai durusti antibiotikho (faqat badi tainoti dukhtur) vobasta ast. Dar surati muolijai nodurust dar organizm mikrobhoe, ki mikroflorai mutadilro tashkil medihand, mahv meshavand. Dar natija ustuvorii organizm ba mikroorganizmhoi kasaliovar sust megardad. Va hamzamon bo in mikrobhoe, ki dar organizm muvofiqi meyor vujud doshtand, nihoyat afzoish meyoband. Mahsuli faoliyati hayotii in mikrobho metavonad boisi zahroludii organizm yo allergiya gardad. Bo maqsadi mutadil gardondani mikroflorai ruda, ki binobar disbakterioz khalaldor meshavad, dukhtur doruhoi bakteriyador tain mekunad.

SH. A. Tosheva.

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