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MANGAN

manganMANGAN (Manganum), Mn, elementi khimiyavii guruhi VII jadvali Mendeleev; raqami at. 25, massai at. 54,9380; metalli vazini safedi nuqratob. M.-ro yakumin marotiba olimi shved YU. Gan s. 1774 dar natijai garm kardani omekhtai pirolyuzit va angisht hosil namud. M. 0,1%-i qishri Zaminro tashkil mekunad. M. dar sanoat bo usuli elektroliz, aloyuminotermiya va elektrotermiya hosil karda meshavad.
Dar amaliyai tib doruhoi M. – permanganati kaliy va khloridi manganro kor mefarmoyand.
M. va payvasthoi on dar sanoati metallurgi, shishasozi, bofandagi va g. istifoda megardand. Hangomi bo onho kor kardan, mumkin ast dar shakli gardu chang, aerozol va bug ba rohi nafas aftand. Payvasthoi M. zahr buda, ba silsilai asabhoi markazi, jigar, shush tasiri bad merasonand; bisyor az payvasthoi on boisi tagyiroti patologi dar khun meshavand.
Baroi peshgirii zahroludi az M. toza nigoh doshtani havoi joi kor, istifodai respiratorho, rioyai qoidahoi behdoshti shakhsi, pushidani libosi makhsus muhim ast. Korgarone, ki bo M. tamos dorand, boyad muntazam az nazorati dukhtur guzarand.

T. Idrisov.

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