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QULFAK

kulfakQULFAK (Clavicula), chanbar, ustukhoni jufti kitf. SHakli harfi «S»-ro dorad. Bo qismi beruni bo shokhai akromionii shona, bo qismi daruni bo tush (sarsina) payvast meshavad. Har du payvandgoh bo bandakhoi qavi ustuvor gashtaand.
Ba qismi sarsinagii K. mushakhoi chanogi-chanbari-pistonaki, chanogi-lomi va mushaki kaloni sina payvast shudaand; ba qismi akromionii on mushakhoi deltashakl va trapetsiyashakl payvast meboshand. Dar qismi poyoni Q. mushaki tahti chanbar joy giriftaast.
Dar sath joygir shudan va robitai zich doshtan bo dast Q.-ro duchori harguna osebho megardonad. Hangomi gusastagii payvandi akromioni-chanbari qismi berunii Q. ba pesh va bolo baromada, misli tugmahoi royal khamu rost meshavad. Dar mavridi baromadani nugi sarsinagii Q. on az zeri pust vozeh ba nazar merasad.
SHikastagii Q. bo dard, varam, khunomos va deformatsiya padid meoyad; faoliyati dast khalal meyobad. In guna oseb bisyor vaqt hangomi tavalludi tifl ba mushohida merasad. Dar mavridi shikasta pora shudani Q. khavfi zarar yoftani asabhoi bozu, raghoi kalon yo gunbazi plevra ba miyon meoyad.
Hangomi baromadan yo shikastani Q. jabrdidaro betakhir ba bemorkhona firistodan lozim ast. To muoinai rentgenologi jo ba jo kardani ustukhonhoi shikasta joiz nest. Muolijai osebu shikastagii Q. bo usuli konservativi va dar baze mavridho bo jarrohi surat megirad.
KL
Qulfaki rost. A – namud az bolo; B – namud az poyon; 1 – nugi akromioni; 2 – nugi sarsinagi; 3 – izi bandaki qaburgayu chanogi; 4 – teppachai konusshakl va khati trapetsiyashakl; 5 – sathi payvandi akromioni.

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