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KITOBHOI DINI NASRONI

Ba kitobkhoi mukaddasi dini nasroni 27 kitob dokhil meshavad. I Muhimtarini onkho 4 Injil: Injilhoi Matto, Marqos, Luqo va YUhannno meboshand. Dar Injili Matto naql karda meshavad, ki az zani yahudi Mariyam, ki ba YUsuf ba shahvar mebaroyad, biduni munosibati jinsi az «ruhi muqaddas» Iso dar davrai podshohii Hirodos tavvalud meshavad. Podshoh Hirodos az tavalludi Iso bokhabar shuda, azbaski makoni tavalludi uro namedonad, farmon medihad, ki tamomi navzodhoro sar bizanand. Ammo YUsuf, ki az tarafi malik khabardor karda shuda bud, ba Misr meravad va bad dar Nosira zindagi ikhtiyor mekunad.

Sipas dar borai paygambar YUkhanno (YAhyo), ki dar biyobonistiqomat karda, mardumro az nazdik shudani ruzi qiyomat; ruzi mahshar va ba jazo rasidani gunahkoron meogohonid, sukhan meravad. Ahli YAhudiya ba nazdi YUhanno ibodatkuni meravand. Dar injili Matto mavziahoi boloi kuh se bobro tashkil medihad. Dar in mavizaho sukhan dar borai akhloq meravad. Ba har yak kasse, ki talimoti dini nasroniro ijro namekunad, dar qiyomat jazo vada karda meshavad. Bisyor navishtahoi kaliso dar papirushoi Misr yoft shudaand.

kitobHamai yodgorihoi nasroniyati ibtidoi va zaboni ibri navishta shudaand, vale Injilho boshand, bo zaboni yunoni. Injili Marqos az Injili Matto avvalan, az rui hajm farq mekunad.

Dar Matto 28 bob, dar Marqos – 16; matnash ham az se du hissai Mattoro tashkil medihad. Soniyan, az jihati mazmun niz Injili Marqos az Matto farq dorad. Masalan, az Marqos shajarai Iso ovarda meshavad, ki dar Inchili Matto nest. Dar Matto Mavizai boloi kukh, ovarda nashudaast va gayra. Tibki malumoti «Tarikhi Kaliso»- i Evseviya muallifi Inchili seyum Luko ast. Az rui khachm Inchili seyum az hamai on du kalontar ast.

Az Markos du bor khachmash ziyod ast. Baze rivoyatkho va naklkho dar in cho bori avval darj megardad. Az chikhati khronologiya niz khodisakho fark dorand. Injil az rivoyat dar borai befarzandii padaru modari YUkhannoi Mamadon (YAhyoi Tamiddikhanda) ogoz meyobad va pay dar pay dar borai homiladorshavii Maryam, ba nazdi Elisoba raftani u, sukhbat bo maloika dar borai tavalludi kudaki oyanda nakl megardad.

Vakte ki Maryam barmegardad, Elisoba pisar mezoyad. Zakarie, padari YUkhanno gung meshavad. Hangomi nomguzoi dubora zabonash kushoda megardad. Luko bad ba bayoni tafsili tavalludi farzandi Maryam meguzarad. Luko nishon medihad, ki Iso tankho dar tasavvuri mardum farzandi YUsuf ast, shacharai u ba Odam rafta merasad. Odam boshad ofaridai Hudost va khamin tavr dar bayni insoni zamini va Hudo aloka barkaror megardad.

Injili YUhanno ham az jihati khronologi, topografi, intikhobi rivoyatho az digar Inchilkho fark mekunad. Dar in cho beshtar ba ruhoniyat etibor doda meshavad. Az rui on dar avval sukhan bud, sukhani Hudo. Hama chiz az on sar meshavad: khaet, borish, rushnoy va gayra. Makoni faoliyati Iso dar Inchili YUkhanno YAkhudiya va Baytulmukaddas ast. Gufta meshavad, ki Isoi Masekho pisari Hudost. Vay dar borai Mariyam, tavvaludi Iso va gayra ziyod tavakkuf namekunad. Az rui tadqiqotho Injili YUkhanno sokht, uslub va goyai yagona dorad.

Badi Injiliha dar ahdi Jadid Amoli Havvoriyon qaror dorad, ki davomi Injiliho meboshad. Badi margi Iso shogirdoni u – havvoriyon boyad mustaqilona hamfikroni khudro rohbari namoyand. Dar bayni onho du havvori – Petrus va Pavlus mavei markazi dorand. Qismi seyumi adabiyothoi Ahdi Jadidro risolahoi havvoriyon tashkil dodaand, ki az 21 risola yo guftor – yake az YUhanno, du az Petrus, se az YUhanno, yak az YAhudo, 14-to az Pavlus iboratand.

Vahy 27-umin kitobi Ahdi Jadid ast. Dar markazi on goyai ba okhir rasonidani dunyo, nazdik omadani qiyomat qaror dorad. In du bob az risolahoi doroi murojiyat ba 7 jamoai nasronii ibtidoi iborat ast.

Risolahoi mazkur az jihati hajm khele kuhand. Hudo dar in jo ba surati odami tasvir shuda, doroi chashmoni otashbor, poyhoi chun misi gudokhta, muyhoi safed meboshad. Dar dast sitora dorad va ruyash hamchun oftob durakhshon ast. Dar Vahy baze voqeahoi tarikhi niz tasvir shudaand.

Suporish va savodkho.

  1. Bibliyaro mutoila namuded, kodom mavzuhyash ba shumo maquland?
  2. Umumiyati dini Nasroni bo dini Islom dar chist?
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