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MIOKARDIODISTROFIYA

miokardiodistrofiyaMIOKARDIODISTROFIYA (Myocardiodystrophia; az mio…, kardio… va trophe – gizo), holati marizii dil. M. bo distrofiyai hujayrahoi kashishkhurandai mushaki dil (miositho) va sokhtorhoi sistemai noqilii on padid omada, faoliyati asosii miokardro khalaldor mesozad (mas., avtomatizm, kashishkhuri, noqiliyat, angezish va g.). M.-ro az tagyiroti degenerativii miokard, ki bazan miokardioz ham menomand, farq kardan lozim ast (mas., hangomi amiloidoz, gemokhromatoz va g.).
M. metavonad zeri tasiri omilhoi gunoguni dokhiliyu beruni, ki ravandi mubodilai moddahoro dar mushaki dil taboh megardonand, zuhur yobad. Ba sababhoe, ki mujibi M. megardand, inho mansuband: tasiri zahri bakteriyaho (chunonchi, hangomi tonzilliti muzmin), zahrhoi sanoati (mas., benzini etilironida), moddahoi khimiyavii ruzgor (mas., insektitsidhoi fosfororganiki), afkanishoti ionnok, az voya ziyod kor farmudani baze doruho, mayzadagii muzmin, dar tarkibi gizo narasidani moddahoi baroi organizm zarur (safedaho, vitaminho) va g. M. hamchunin dar mavridi barziyodi yo norasoii yagon moddai biologii faol ba vujud meoyad. Mas., hangomi dar tarkibi khun ziyod budani gormoni gadudi siparshakl illate bo nomi «dili tireotoksiki» paydo meshavad, ki jarayoni vaznin dorad. Sababi M.-i hangomi gipotireoz sarzada boshad, norasoii gormoni mazkur ast. M. metavonad dar natijai zur ovardan ba miokard niz rukh namoyad (hangomi gipertenziyai arteriyavi, nuqsi dil, mashqhoi sakhti jismoni), khususan agar in guna zurovari bo gipoksiya yakjo padid oyad. M.-e, ki binobar anemiya va ishemiyai miokard zuhur meyobad, az gipoksiya mansha megirad. Dar surati raf namudani sababhoi paydoishi M. tagziyai miosithoi zarardida mumkin ast kullan barqaror shavad. Agar omilhoi ziyonovar duru daroz tasir namoyand, pas yak qismi miositho mahv gashta, ba ivazi onho boftai payvandi inkishof meyobad (kardiosklero).
Peshgiri va muolijai M. qabl az hama ba raf sokhtani omili on nigaronida shudaast. Dar hama guna holatho tain namudani khuroki sergizo, sersafeda, istifodai polivitaminho, orotati kaliy, riboksin, gormonhoi anaboli muhim ast. Peshomadi M. ba darajai vazninii bemori va tabobati bemorii asosi vobastagi dorad.

N. H. Hamidov.

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