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HUSUSIGARDONI

Bad az poshkhurii SHuravi khususigardonii mulk va korkhonaho shuru shud. Dar Tojikiston in maraka bad az oshtii milli rivoj girift. Korkhonaho az tariqi muzoyadaho ba furush barovarda meshudand. Sozmonhoi baynalmilalii moli ba hukumat fishor meovardand, ki harchi zudtar korkhonavu muassisahoi davlatiro bifurushad va molikiyati khususiro rivoj dihad. Va aksaran in khususigardoniho sarosema va be bar- nomarezii lozima anjom meshud, ki natijai dilkhohro nadod.

Hukumati shuravi zanjirai qavii tavlidu istehsolotro bo kharjhoi sangin tuli solhoi daroz sokhta bud. Albatta, faol nigoh doshtani hamai on az imkon khorij bud, vale aksari onhoro bo tagyiri masiri faoliyat meshud zinda nigoh dosht va kor farmud.

Dar sohai kishovarzi niz in islohot qadam ba qadam rohandozi meshud. Saravval korkhonahoi pakhtatozakuni ba furush guzoshta shudand. Barnomai khususigardonii sohai kishovarzi va korkhonahoi pakhtatozakuni zeri nazari Bonki jahoni va namoyandagoni on amali meshud. Dar zamoni shuravi taqriban, har nohiyai pakhtakori Tojikiston yak korkhonai pakhtatozakuni dosht. Hamin korkhonaho az tariqi muzoyada ba furush guzoshta shudand. Dar ravandi in maraka shohidi hodisahoi ajibe shudam.

Mo bo sarmoyaguzoroni khoriji maslihat karda, onhoro rozi kunondem, ki bo sarmoyaguzorii mushtarak du korkhonai pakhtatozakuniro bikharem. SHirkati mo on zamon dar nohiyahoi SHahritusu Qubodiyon ba khojagihoi pakhtakor mablagguzori mekard. Mo bovar doshtem, ki dar holi kharidani korkhonahoi pakhtatozakunii in du nohiya, masalahoi ziyod halli khudro meyoband. Avvalin imtiyoze, ki in korkhonaho medodand, in bud, ki tamomi pakhtai jamovarishudai nohiya ba anbori korkhonai pakhtatozakuni vorid shuda, hamchun kafolati bargardonidani mablagguzorii khoriji khizmat mekard. Dar in hol khatari barnagashtani sarmoya kohish meyoft va khorijiyon metavonistand ba khojagiho qarzhoi darozmuddat va bo imtiyoz dihand, ki ba rushdi soha musoidat mekard.

Man bore, in andeshai khudro ba namoyandagoni Bonki jahoni va Korporatsiyai baynalmilalii moli arz karda, peshnihod kardam, ki korkhonahoi pakhtatozakuni faqat bo hamin shart, yane kafolati mablagguzorii sohai pakhtakori az sui sohiboni navi in korkhonaho furukhta shavand, vale onho ba in hatto ahammiyat nadodand. Va vaqte man etiroz kardam, ki in nizomi ba zahmati ziyod va kharji milliardi sokhtashuda az kor khohad uftod, rohbari on hayat «boisi taassuf khohad bud», guft. Nobud shudani yak sohai muhimtarini khojagii khalqi kishvari man, baroyash hamagi «boisi taassuf» bud, na besh az in!

Mo ba muzoyada peshnihodi kharidi in du korkhonaro ba mablagi du millionu dusad hazor dollar dodem. Narkhe, ki mo pesh- nihod kardem, balandtarin narkh dar muzoyada bud. To in vaqt hech korkhonai pakhtatozakuni ba in narkh furukhta nashuda bud. In muomila, az yak su, mablagi kalone ba bujai davlat vorid kunad, az sui digar, peshravii nazarrase dar sohai pakhtakorii in du nohiya ejod mekard.

Vale dar muzoyada ba joi shirkati mo yak shirkati benomi digar golib omad, ki boisi hayronii hama shud. Vaqte ki man paygiri kardam, malum shud, ki raisoni on korkhonaho bo rai- soni on nohiyaho zabon yak karda, az masuloni muzoyada khilofi qoida, juziyoti peshnihodi moro fahmida, mablagi kalonta- rero faqat ba khotiri korshikani peshnihod karda budand. Dar natija, onho korkhonahoro nakharidand va on ba muzoyadai nav guzoshta shud, vale sarmoyaguzoroni khoriji az fasod ogoh shuda, digar az ishtirok dar muzoyada dast kashidand. Hamin tavr, yak imkoni khubi rushdi in du nohiya az dast raft.

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Dar yake az muzoyadahoi badi dar kharidi korkhonai pakhtato- zakunii nohiyai Qubodiyon, aynan ba hamin minvol raisi vaqti nohiya baranda shuda bud. U ba mo peshnihod kard, ki mablagi kharidi korkhonaro pardokht karda, onro bikharem. Ba mahzi par- dokhtani mablag, u ba firebu nayrang ogoz kard va nim sol moro dardi sar dod. Hushbakhtona, mo qarordodu asnodro durust tahiya karda budem va u noiloj sahmiyahoi korkhonaro ba shirkati mo dod. Vay yak mardi pastu sifla bud, ki bo ovardani juziyoti amolash namekhoham vaqti purqimati khonandaro zoe kunam. Albatta, muomilai in korkhona juziyoti jolibe ham dorad, ki shoyad dar fursati munosib onro ham binavisam. Hamkori bo in rais boisi dardi sar ziyod shuda boshad ham, nihoyat mo sohibi sahmiyai in korkhona shudem. Vale kosh nameshudem!

On zamon dar kishvar farmondehoni ziyod faol budand, ki qismhoi nizomii nimashakhsi doshtand. In farmondehoni ma- fiyaguna mintaqahoi kishvarro bayni khud taqsim karda girifta budand va dar «qalamrav»-i khud gayriqonuni salohiyati ziyod doshtand. Az hama boj megiriftand, mardumro toroj mekardand, hatto ba kori maqomoti davlati dakholat mekardand. Bad az on ki mo korkhonai mazkurro kharidem, yak guruh silohdoron ba ofisi mo omada, tahdid kardand, ki in korkhona moli onhost va harki onro kharidaast, az jonash ser shudaast.

Man ba maqomoti davlati arz karda bosham ham, kase yoroi bo in guruh sar ba sar shudanro nadosht. Man majbur shudam, ki baroi hifzi mablaghoi sangini baroi kharidani in korkhona sarfkardaam, ba inho boj diham. Sahmiyahoi in korkhonaro man yak bor az davlat, bori duvum az inho kharidam. Vale malum shud, ki holo ham man moliki in korkhona nestam.

On zamon man taqriban dar ofis namenishastam, hamai vaqtam dar bonku sahro meguzasht. CHandin bor, dar nabudani man, qoside az nomi on farmondeh ba ofis omada, maro surog mekard. Albatta, man aslan khohishi didan va suhbat bo onhoro nadoshtam, vale zanghoi tahdiddori telefoni ogoz shudand. Nochor budam, faryodrase nadoshtam va tahdidi inhoro nameta- vonistam nodida bigiram. Az kornomai zulmu khunkhorii onho khub ogoh budam. Boyad vomekhurdam va mushkilro hal mekardam. Nihoyat ruze on qosid omad va amr kard:

  • Raftem, komandir nigahat dorad.

Ba moshin nishasta, az Ismoil khohish kardam, ki az pasash bironad. Ba nazdi darvozai qismi nizomi dar Qulpista rasida, moshinro guzoshtem va az pasi qosid dokhil shudem. Farmondehi manfur dar halqai yak guruh nizomiyon, ki har guna libosi nizo- mii sahroi dar bar doshtand va dar libospushi az Pakana kam farq mekardand, suhbat mekard. Durtar, dar maydon qatorhoi sarbozon ba mashq mashgul budand. CHand zirehpushu tonk ham dar kanori on maydon qator meistodand va dar atrofash sar- bozon junbujul doshtand. Komandir moro didan barobar, ba sui man ishora karda, faryod kashid:

  • In muhofizsha ovarday, ki mora bitarsona?!

Namudi zohirii pahlavononai Ismoil dar zehni u tavahhum ejod karda bud. SHoeote, ki u mutodi mavodi mukhaddir ast, isboti khudro meyoft. Vagarna, chi mantiqe metavonad pushti in iddao boshad? U bo on hama sarbozu tonku tup va man bo yak «muhofiz»-i dasti kholi omadaam, ki uro tars diham?!

Ba atrofiyonash dastur dod:

  • Bared, bifahmonedash, man bad miyom!

CHand nafar atrofi moro halqavor pechonda ba sui bino burdand. Rahorah az pusht tela medodand, az chapu rost bo orinj mezadand va tahdid mekardand. Man ba yak zarra – lakhti enerji tabdil yofta budam. Onchunon ragu payam kashida shuda bud, ki fikr mekardam agar sar diham, ba havo meparam. Holati ajibe dast doda bud, ki az tasvirash ojizam. Man dar holati omoda- boshi tamom qaror doshtam. Medonistam, ki khatari voqei ba hayotam tahdid mekunad. Vale, aslan hissi tars nadoshtam. Hele munsajim budam, vale khunsard. Magzam alohida kor mekard. Ba man mashvarat medod. Guyo man du nafar budam. Jismam dar holati omodaboshi shadid qaror dosht, vale magzi saram ko- milan ravshan va zud kor mekard. Harakotu harfhoi onhoro tahlil mekard.

  • Fikr kardi, dunyo besohib ast?
  • Na, medonam, shumo fikr mekuned, ki sohibi dunyo shu- moed, – javob medod maynaam va faqat gushhoi man javobhoi uro meshunidand.
  • Ey, dar hamon jogahi khobat, dar Panjakentat ay tireza meparonemut, fikr mekuni, mo khonata dar uja namedonem?
  • Namedoni, tirezai khonai khobi man baland ast, dar muqo- bilash chize nest, ki az rui on baromada nishon giri. Lof. Tarsondan mekhohad, – gushzad mekard mayna.
  • YAgon gapi komandira nagiri, hamin jo meparronumta.
  • Tufangash dar miyon ast, tahdidash voqeist, khuni nohaq ziyod rekhtaand inho, – khulosa kard mayna. Mushte saramro takon dod.
  • Javob nadeh, vaqtash nest, inho hamash tarsdihi ast, – farmon dod mayna. Hamin tavr moro zadavu tela doda, ba yak utoqi daroz, ki bo mizu kursiho mujahhaz bud darovarda, dar kursihoi bekhi devor shinondand va dugu pupisa idoma yoft.
  • Ba chashmoni onho nanigar, to komandirash omada, suhbat nakunad, nameparronand, faqat bo in fishorho tarsonda gap- daro kardan mekhohand, – dastur dod mayna. Tahdid idoma kard.

Pas az muddate, «komandir» daromad va hama «smirno!» gufta qad kashidand.

  • Nomut chiyay, eshon? – nakhust ba Ismoil murojiat kard u, az nazdi mo guzashta ba sari mizi koriyash rafta. Dar Tojikiston har kasi rishdorro «eshon» menomand. Mo ham dar korkhona Ismoilro hama «Eshon» nom meburdem.
  • Ismoil, – javob dod Ismoil.
  • Aslut ay choay? – savoli hameshagii tojikiro dod koman- dir. Mahalli shakhs baroi mo tojikon muayyankunandai tamomi munosibati badiyamon bo ust.
  • Az Mascho, – kutoh javob dod Eshon.
  • Ee, tu ay khudmon buday-ku! – bongi shodi zad mutod, guyo bo hamin Ismoilro ba guruhi khudash shomil karda, maro tan- ho guzosht.
  • Fahmonden ina? – bong zad ba zerdastonash ba man ishora karda.
  • Fahmid, komandir, – qad kashida dast ba chakka burd yake az onho. Nigohi komandiri darandakhuy ba sui man gasht va ta- momi sadoyashro sar doda, dod zad:
  • Tu fikr kardi dunyo besohibay? Zavodi Qabodiyon ay ma- nay, una man ay dasti Mahmud Hudoyberdi zada giriftagiyum. Un zavod raskhodoi (hazinahoi) chasti (qismi nizomi) mara meta. Ura mekharidagi ay ochash nabromaday. Tu zuri? Ba kadom aql zavodi mara kharidi?
  • Orom javobashro deh,- farmon dod mayna.
  • Man haqi turo dodam, – sadoyam girifta baromad.
  • Ttu… CHchi? Kadom haq?! Ba ki dodi?! – telba shud u.
  • Hudat medoni, – gufta budam, ki u davomi gapamro burida, ba zerdastonash dod zad:
  • Biren ay in jo!

Onho utoqro kholi kardand.

  • Ba ki dodi? – oromtar pursid az man. Ba ki va chi qadr pul dodanamro guftam.
  • Meravi, hamonro yofta hamrohat meori, binem pula kujo kardast, – guft u ba khayol rafta.
  • Man medonam kujo kard, – javob dodam man.
  • Kujo kard? – pursid u.
  • Ba oilaat dod, ruzi Riga raftanash, – man digar na khohishi inashro didan doshtam va na onashro. Dar kashmakashu davoi onho shirkat kardan ham namekhostam. Boyad hamin hozir hal kunam va digar rui inhoro nabinam. Daleli man qonekunanda bud, magar, ki u ohangi gapashro komilan tagyir dod.
  • Ay hamin ruz etiboran, baroi khudut «zeleniy svet», ina hamija biyo, mora khabar bigir, diga bikhur bigard, saqata gam nabosha. Kase gamut dod, mara gap zan. Faqat baroi on ki kase gamut nata, hamin yak bachchai mara dar zavod rais mon, korot khub meshava, – nihoyat sari maqsad omad, mekhost odami khudashro ba timi man vorid karda, maro ba bojdihandai doimi tabdil dihad.
  • Man sharikoni khoriji doram, onho rozi nameshavand, – javob dodam man. In javobamro ham rad nakarda qabul kard. Pas az in, harfhoi ziyod dar borai hamkori guftu ba man push- tiboni peshnihod kard va moro barovarda, dar nazdi zerdasto- nash elon kard:
  • Ay hamin ruz ino bachchahoi khudmonand, hech kas chaqashon nashava!

Mo oromona baromada raftem. Man dar davomi du sole, ki moliki on korkhona budam, az dakholati maqomot va duzdihoe, ki dar on jo meshud, ba dod omada, okhir on korkhonaro furukhta, khalos shudam.

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