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AJALGIYOH

aconitum_napellus_007AJALGIYOH (Aconitum), bish, «zahri Serber», alafi kajdum, giyohest zahrnok. Ziyoda az 300 namudi A. malum ast. Dar Tojikiston se namudi on – A.-i zarafshoni, girdabarg va talassi meruyad.
A.-i zarafshoni yo barchak (A. zeravschanicum) to 100 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash rost, pashmakdor. Bargash (beshtar dar bekhi poya mesabzad) dumchadaroz, girda, bepashmak; barghoi qismi bolotari poya maydatar, dumchakutoh yo bedumcha meshavand. Gulash zardtob (mohhoi iyun – iyul meshukufad); shahdi gulash baroi zanburi asal zahr ast.
A.-i girdabarg (A. rotundifolium) to 65 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash nisbatan serbarg, serpashmak. Bargash dumchador, girdai 2 – 3-parra. Gulash bunafshtob, ragchahoi gulbargash kabud (mohhoi iyul – avg. meshukufad).
A.-i talassi (A. talassicum) to 150 sm qad mekashad. Bargash beshpamak, dumchador. Gulash kalon, nilgun (mohhoi iyul – avg. meshukufad).
A. giyohi zahrnok ast. Zamonhoi qadim odamon az on muluh va zahr tayyor mekardand. Qabilahoe, ki sokini nishebihoi sharqi kuhsori Himoloy budand, nugi nayzaro ba zahri A. (akonitum) oluda, ba shikori khirsu fil mebaromadand. Ba qavli Arastu chunin nayzahoi zahroludaro dar janghoi bayniqabilavi niz ba kor meburdand. Abualii Sino A.-ro zahri halohil mehisobad. Hamai uzvhoi A., alalkhusus bekhi on, khele zahrnokand.
A. rastanii dorui niz ba hisob meravad. Tabiboni khalqi peshtar bo barg, gul va bekhi on bemorihoi gunogun (sil, saraton va zakhmi meda)-ro tabobat mekardand; aksar vaqt bemoron zahrolud meshudand. Dar amaliyai tibbi imruza doruhoero, ki az bekhi A. tayyor mekunand, chun omili rafi hissi dard (hangomi miyondard, tarbod va g.) istifoda mebarand. Qiyomi spirtii A. juzi tarkibii dorui «Akofit» va «Anginol» («Ekhinol») meboshad. Bo maqsadi khudtabobat istifoda burdani A. qatiyan man ast (3 – 4 mg akonitin baroi organizmi odam margovar meboshad).

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