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Sabzish va inkishof dar biologiya

Qobiliyat ba inkishof khosiyati umumii materiya meboshad. Zeri mafhumi inkishof jarayoni bebozgashti qonunhoi tagyiryobii obekthoi tabiati zinda va gayrizinda fahmida meshavad. Dar natijai inkishof dar obekt sifathoi nav paydo shuda, sokhtori on tagyir meyobad. Inkishofi shakli zindai materiya yo inkishofi fardiro ontogenez va inkishofi tarikhii onro filogenez menomand.

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Dar davomi ontogenez khosiyathoi fardii organizm tadrijan va pay dar pay zohir meshavand. Novobasta az tarzi afzoish hamai fardhoi dukhtarie, ki az yak zigota, spora, mugja yo hujayra paydo meshavand, az nasl ba nasl faqat akhbori genetikiro megirand, yane onho imkoniyati zohir kardani in yo on alomatro dorand. Dar jarayoni inkishof tashakkuli sokhtori makhsusi fard ogoz meyobad. Buzurgshavii andozai fard ba hosilshavii takrorii molekulaho, sokhtori hujayraho va khudi onho vobasta meboshad.

Filogenez (evolyutsiya) in inkishofi bebozgasht va maqsadnoki tabiati zinda meboshad. Dar ravandi evolyutsiya namudhoi nav ba vujud omada, organizmho murakkab megardand. Sershaklii organizmhoi zinda dar rui Zamin mahz natijai evolyutsiya meboshad.

 

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