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RAVZANAHOI WINDOWS

YAke az mafhumi asosii digari sistemai Windows ravzana meboshad, ki on tarjumai kalimai anglisii window (tireza, ravzana) ast. Nomi sistemai operatsionii Windows niz mahz bo hamin mafhum vobasta ast. Hamin tariq, ravzana, papka, hujjat va programma on mafhumhoero tashkil medihand, ki istifodabarandai MEH dar vaqti kor bo sistemai Windows doimo bo onho saru kor dorad. In mafhumhoro hamchun obekthoi korii Windows niz nom burdan mumkin ast.

ravzanahoi-windows

YOdovar meshavem, ki:

  •  ravzana – obekti grafikii Windows buda, baroi idorakuni va korkardi informatsiyai obekthoi dokhiliash khizmat merasonad;
  •  papka – baroi nigoh doshtani zerpapkaho, hujjatho, programmaho va yarliki papkayu programmaho istifoda burda meshavad;
  •  hujjat – baroi nigoh doshtani informatsiyai tabiati gunogundoshta, ba monandi matnho, rasmho, tablitsahoi elektroni, signalho, bazai akhborot va gayra istifoda burda meshavad;
  •  programma – pesh az hama baroi sokhtani hujjatho istifodaburda meshavad. Vale qayd kardan lozim ast, ki dar sistemai Windows hamchunin programmahoe mavjudand, ki bo yorii onho hujjatho sokhta nameshavand. CHunin programmaho baroi ijro namudani baze amaliyoti kharakteri yorirasondoshta khizmat merasonand.

Hangomi pakhshi dukaratai mush ba nishonai papka (Rasmi 6), dar ekran chorkunjae namudor megardad, ki onro ravzanai in papka menomand. SHakli on dar asl ham ba ravzana monand ast. CHunin ravzanaho dar vaqti kushodani papkaho va hujjathoi dilkhoh paydo meshavand. Dar ravzanai papka Rasmi 6. Ravzanai papkadidan mumkin ast, ki dar dokhili on kadom zerpapkaho, hujjatho va programmaho joygir shudaand. Binobar hamin ham guftan metavon, ki ravzanai papka shakli kushodai khudi papka ast. Hamai ravzanahoi papkaho qarib az elementhoi idorakunii yakkhela iboratand.

Hamin tariq, ravzanai papka konteynerero memonad, ki mazmunu mundarijai on tasviri grafikii mazmunu mundarijai papka ast. Har guna papkai Windows mahz dar ravzanai on kushoda meshavad. Miqdori ravzanahoi dar yak vaqt kushodashuda metavonad khele ziyod boshad. In miqdor az parametrhoi namudi kompyuteri mushakhkhas vobasta ast.

Hamai amaliyote, ki bo obekthoi Windows guzaronida meshavand, aslan dar ravzanai Mizi kori yo ravzanai yagon papka amali megardand.

MISOL:

Dar ravzanai papkai Kafedra (Rasmi 6) yake az zerpapkaho nomi Hisobotro dorad. Hangomi kushodani in papka niz, dar ekran ravzanai on paydo meshavad (Rasmi 7). Dar dokhili ravzanai papkai Hisobot nishonahoi panj hujjatro didan mumkin ast, ki onho bo yorii protsessori matnii Microsoft Word 2000 sokhta shudaand.

Ba gayr az ravzanahoi papkaho dar Windows namudhoi khele ziyodi ravzanahoi digar niz mavjudand. Az rui elementhoi yakkhelai idorakuni va tarzi oroishi ravzanaho onhoro ba namudhoi zerin judo namudan mumkin ast:

  •  ravzanahoi papkaho;
  •  ravzanahoi robitavi (dialogi);

Ravzanai papkai Hisobot dar ekran

  •  ravzanahoi sistemahoi malumotdihanda;
  •  ravzanahoi korii zamimahoi Windows;
  •  ravzanahoi hujjatho.

Bo namudhoi ravzanahoi Windows va tarzhoi istifodabarii onho dar oyanda shinos khohem shud.

Savolho:

  1. Baroi chi sistemai operatsioni Windows nom giriftaast?
  2. Mafhumhoi ravzana va papka dar Windows bo hamdigar chi aloqa dorand?
  3. Oyo hujjat obekti Windows shuda metavonad?
  4. Ravzanai papka az ravzanai hujjat yagon farqi jiddie dorad yo ne?
  5. Ba gayr az ravzanahoi papkaho va hujjatho boz kadom ravzanahoiWindows-ro nombar karda metavoned?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned va onro naql kuned.
  2. Mafhumhoi ravzana, papka, hujjat va programmaro manidod namoed va mukhtasar tarifi onhoro dar daftaraton sabt namoed.
  3. Bo yorii muallim dar Mizi korii Windows baroi khud papka sozed, ba on nomi khudro guzored va ravzanai onro kushoda az nav pushed.
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