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Peshgiri kardani bemorii dilu ragho

Sababhoi bemorihoi sistemai dilu ragho. Sababhoi asosii bemorii dil az past shudani faoliyati jismoni, purkhuri, tamokukashi, istemoli az meyor ziyodi sharob, asabonishavi vobasta ast. Hususan sharob va zahri tamoku (nikotin) ba sistemai dilu ragho tasiri manfi merasonad. Masalan, az meyor ziyod istemol kardani sharob dilro zahrolud va tarkibi onro illatnok mesozad.

Dar natija kashishkhurii mushakhoi dil sust shuda, norasoii qalbi va nafastangi ba amal meoyad. Inchunin sharob devori raghoi khungard, pesh az hama, raghoi khudi dilro tagyir medihad. Dar natija mushakhoi dil ba miqdori kam oksigen va moddahoi gizoi girifta, ohista-ohista sust shuda, ba boftahoi payvandi mubaddal megardad. Vayronshavii kori dil boisi bo khun kam tamin gashtani organizm gashta, ba kamquvvati ovarda merasonad.

dil-rag-tabobat

Raghoi khungardi odamoni tamokukash bad az kashidani har yak tamoku to 30 daqiqa tang meshavand. Az in sabab raghoi khungardi odamoni tamokukashi ashaddi doimo tang buda, kori khunravonkunii dilro ziyod mekunad. Dar natija kori dil tez, mushakhoi on sust meshavad va in ba bemorii saktai dil ovarda merasonad. Peshgiri va muolijai bemorihoi dilu ragho na tanho vazifai korkunoni tib, inchunin vazifai davlati, ijtimoiyu iqtisodi va insondusti meboshad. Halli bomuvaffaqiyati onho boisi salomatii aholi va darozumrii odamon megardad.

Baroi bartaraf va peshgiri kardani bemorii sistemai dilu ragho mashqhoi jismoni, kori sabuk, zindagii orom va faol darkor ast. Hangomi kori jismoni miqdori khuni az mushakhoidil guzaranda ziyod shuda, khun az oksigen va moddahoi gizoi beshtar tamin megardad va in boisi mustahkam gardidanu tashakkul yoftani mushakhoi dil meshavad. Az kam shudani kori jismoni mushakhoi dil sust meshavad. Masalan, dar surati 70 shabonaruz tamoman beharakat budani odam hajmi dilash 13-18% khurd meshavad. Mashqhoi jismoni va bozihoi varzishi ba qadri afzudani sinnu sol murakkabtar shuda, mushakhoi badanro varzish medihad.

Dar barobari in mushakhoi dil khub inkishof meyoband va mashq mekunand. Vale, shabakai raghoi khungardi bachagona az rui sabzish az dil qafo memonad. Sababash in ast, ki dili navrason baroi az surokhihoi tangi ragho tela dodani khun quvvai ilovagi sarf mekunad. Dar in davra kori jismoni ba haddi imkoniyati har yak bacha zarur ast.

YOrii avvalin hangomi khunravi. Dar raghoi khungardi odamqarib 5 litr khun davr mezanad. Hangomi kam shudani miqdori khun fishori on past shuda, magzi sar, dil va digar uzvho az oksigen tamin nameshavad. Takhminan 2-2,5 litr talaf yoftani khun baroi odam margovar ast.

Hunravii muyragi hatto az andak jarohat ba vujud meoyad. Az sababi on ki khun dar muyragho sust harakat mekunad, chunin khunraviro nigoh doshtan oson ast. Hangomi yori rasonidan  jarohatro bo mahluli yod bezarar karda, pas bo dokai toza bastan lozim ast. In dokhilshavii mikrobhoro ba organizm nigoh medorad va boisi lakhta bastani khun megardad.

Hunravii varidi az zarar didani raghoi varidie ba vujud meoyad, ki dar onho surati jarayoni khun nisbat ba muyragho teztar ast va binobar in lakhtahoi dar joi zakhm ba vujud omadaro shusta mebarad. Az in jost, ki odam dar muddati kutoh khuni bisyor talaf doda metavonad. Baroi nigoh doshtani khunravii kam az raghoi varid boloi zakhmro bandpech kardan kifoya ast.

In devorhoi zakhmro zer karda, khunro boz medorad. SHakhsi zarardidaro pas az yorii avvalin zud ba bemoriston yo darmongoh boyad firistod (rasmi 54). Hunravii sharyoni baroi hayot khatarnok ast. Hunravii sakhti sharyoni az rui rangi surkhu balandi khune, ki az jarohat favvora zada mebaroyad, shinokhta meshavad. Dar chunin holat bandpechi sakht khunro nigoh doshta metavonad. Binobar in hangomi khunravii sharyoni har chi zudtar raghoi zarardidaro bolotar az zakhm bo angushton sakht zer karda, bo toftai rezini yo mato sakht bastan lozim ast. Baroi zarar nadidani pust ba joi toftabandi yak porcha latta yo dokai pokiza memonand.

Bad girdogirdi onro bo matoporae mepechonand. Bayni toftayu dast yo poy chubchai baquvvat guzoshta, onro to lahzae metoband, ki tofta tarang shuda, az zakhm khun nabaroyad. CHubcharo bo latta ba tofta basta, zakhmro dokapech mekunand. Pas az rasonidani yorii avvalin jabrdidaro favran ba bemorkhona firistodan darkor ast. Ba tofta khatchae chasponda, dar on vaqti tofta guzoshtanro aniq ishora mekunand. Agar ba bemorkhona burdani jabrdida der davom kunad, baroi mahv nashudani boftaho toftaro bo yak muddati kutoh sust mekunand. Vaqte ki gardishi khun dar dast yo poy az nav barqaror shud, toftaro boz tarang mekashand.

Agar tofta naboshad, khunraviro dar natijai qatkunii nihoii dast yo poy bozdoshtan mumkin ast. Baroi in zeri poi qatshuda lulachai dokagi yo pakhtagin meguzorand va dast yo poyro ba zuri qat karda, onro dar hamin holat nigoh medorand (rasmi 54).

Hunravii dokhili (khunravii kovokii shikam, kovokii qafasi sina va kosakhonai sar) makhsusan khatarnok ast. Hunravii dokhiliro az namudi zohirii odam muayyan kardan mumkin ast. Dar in hol rangu rui bemor safed gashta, araqi khunuk mebarorad, ruyaki nafas mekashad, nabzash tez-tez zada, khudash bedor meshavad. Dar in holat moshini yorii tajiliro favran jeg zada, to omadani dukhtur bemorro khobondan yo dar holati takya va oromi guzoshtan darkor ast. Ba joi ehtimoli khunravi (shikam, sari sina, sar) khaltachai polietilenii yakh yo barfdor, yo ki shishai pur az obi khunukro boyad guzosht.

Sababho

  1. Sababhoi asosii bemorii dilro nombar kuned.
  2. CHaro mashqhoi jismoni inkishofi mushakhoi dilro tezonida, onro mustahkam mesozad?
  3. Hususiyathoi inkishofi sistemai dilu raghoi navrason kadomhoyand?
  4. SHarob va nikotin ba dilu ragho chi khel tasir merasonad?
  5. Hunravii muyragiro chi tavr boz medorand?
  6. Tadbirhoi yorii avvalin hangomi khunravii varidi kadomhoyand?
  7. CHaro khunravii sharyoni khatarnok ast? Hangomi khunravii sharyoni baroi rasonidani yorii avvalin chi tadbirho meandeshand?
  8. CHaro dar vaqti khunravii sharyoni toftaro bolotar az joi zakhmi dast yo poy mebandand?
  9. CHaro baroi navrason kori az had ziyodi jismoni zararnok ast?
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