Home / Biologiya / Parandagoni Tegaisinador yo in ki kabksina

Parandagoni Tegaisinador yo in ki kabksina

In qator qarib 95%-i hamai Namudhoi parrandagonro dar bar megirad, ki aksariyati onho parvozkunanda buda qarib 8 hazor namudro tashkil mekunand. Hamai namoyandagoni in boloqator akhamiyati khojagi, sanoati, zeboi dorand. YAne az onho tukhm, paru patu gusht istehsol mekunand. Gayr az in aksariyati parrandaho hasharotro nobud mekunand, onho rangi zebo va ovozi foram niz dorand. Zarari onho, dar on ast, ki bo paru pati khud kayku kanayu ptabushkhoro pahn mekunand, khuitahoi serdoni gallalona va mohiyu obkhokihoi foidanokro mekhurand va ba zamin tutrez menamoyand. Az jihati taqsimot ba yakchand qator judo meshavad.

laklak

Qatori laklakho. Laklakho az jihati hajm gunogun buda, gardanu poyi daroz dorand. Qismi darozi soki poyashon luch ast. Poyashon 4 panja dorad, ki yakeash dar aqib va 3-toyash dar pesh buda, baynashon parda dorad, Nulashon daroz ast. Onho az tukhm baromadai luch meboshand. Laklakho ba gayr az Arktika va Antarktida dar digar joyhoi kurai zamin pahn shudaand. Namoyandai onho laklaki safed, laklaki siyoh va gayraho meboshand, ki dar botloqhoi qismi avrupoi, Kavkaz va Osiyoi Miyona vomekhurand.

Qatori qozkho.
Qatori qozkho.

Qatori qozkho. Qozho parrandahoi obi buda, khajmi kalon, gardani daroz, poyi kutohi panjakhoyash pardador dorand. Dar ornitofauna (olami parrandaho) to hol 200 namudi onho malumavd, ki dar hamai qitaho pahn shudaand. Dar okhiri badan — zeri parho gadudi ravganii nagz inkishofyofta dorand. Dar yak sol 1 marotiba afzoish mekunand. Baze Namudhoi on khonagi karda shudaand. Onho khurokashonro az muhiti obu botloq yofta mekhurand. Qozho az 3 to 8 tukhm guzoshta, az 28 to 40 ruz onhoro pakhsh karda, chuja mebarorand.

Qatori parrandahoi darrandai ruzona. Namoyandahoyash nuli khamidai changaki, changolhoi hamidai vazifanokshuda, khalqi vase, magzi sari nisbatan kalon dorand. YAke az zerqatorhoi on kargasi amerikoi ast, ki vay darrandai ruzona buda, uzvi hissiyotash khub, sadopardahoyash sust inkishof yoftaast. Zerqatorhoi digarash uqob, shohin va qarchigayho ast, ki Namudhoi onho dar dashtu kuhho zindagi mekunand va beshtar hasharotu obkhoki, khazandayu parranda va shirkhurhoi khurdro shikor mekunand. Onho beshtar 2-4 tukhm guzoshta, 1 moh onhoro pakhsh menamoyand.

Qatori murgho. Namoyandakhoi in qator parrandahoi vase pahnshudai ruizaminiyu darakhti buda, chor panjai nagz inkishofyofta dorand, ki bo onho khokro mekoband. Tukhmguzori va nigohubini chujaho ba ikhtiyori mokiyon ast. Azbaski Namudhoi on khonagi karda shudaast, beshtar ahamiyati khojagi dorad. Zothoi murgkho khele bisyor ast, az jumla: murgi marjon, tovus, murgi bankivi, murgi hilol, kabk, bedona va gayraho.

turna
Surati turna

Qatori turnaho yo in ki kulangho parrandahoi kaloni khushkigard buda, dumi kutohu gardani daroz dorand. Onho dar botloqu dashgho vomekhurand. Masalan, turnai khokistarrang az tundra to mintaqai kuhsorhoi Osiyoi Mnyona pahn shudaast, ki dar zeri buttaho 2-3 tukhm meguzorad. Hurokash qurboqqa, khazanda, khoyandaho va reshayu tukhmi galladona meboshad. Vatani asosii onho Osiyoi Januby va Afrika ast. Onho zimiston ba joykhoi garm kuch mebandaad.

Savol va sulorishho:

  1. Oid ba paydoish va inkishofi tadrijii parrandaho naql kuned.
  2. Dar bobati boloqatori parrandahoi betegasinagiho (hamvorsinagon) malumot dihed.
  3.  Dar borai boloqatori pingvinho va boloqatori tegasinadoron va qatori gagaraho malumot dihed
  4. Oid ba qatori murgi tufon (naychabiniqo), laklakho, flamingo (murgi saqo). qozho, murgho va turnaho, qatori parrandahoi darrandai ruzona malumot dihed.
Загрузка...

Dar boramon

Инчунин кобед

nargis

Guli Nargis

In rastanii gulkunanda az piyozash meruyad va ranghoi gunoguni gulash hast az jumla Nargisi zard …