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MUSH – ELEMENTI IDORAKUNII WINDOWS

Hangomi ba loihagirii Windows peshbini karda shuda bud, ki istifodabarandagoni on hamai amaliyotro asosan ba yorii mush anjom medihand. Garchande qismi ziyodi amaliyotro ba vositai klaviatura niz ijro kardan mumkin boshad ham, vale onho ba vositai mush zudtar, osontar va qulaytar ijro karda meshavand.

Hotirrason menamoem, ki mush manipulyatori grafiki buda, dar rui miz yo qolinchai makhsus bo yorii dast ba harakat darovarda meshavad. Hangomi harakati mush dar ekran niz nishonai makhsuse ba harakat medaroyad, ki onro nishondihandai mush meguyand. Nishondihandai mush vobasta az programmai amalii jori va mavqei joygirshavii on dar qismhoi gunoguni ekran, metavonad shaklhoi gunogun doshta boshad. Nishondihandai mush harakati mushro dar ekran takror menamoyad. Agar baroi intikhobi yagon elementi ekran harakati mushro dar boloi qolincha davom dodan lozim boshadu vale on allakay ba kanori qolincha rasida boshad, on goh kifoya ast, ki mushro bardoshta ba joi nav guzorem va harakatashro davom dihem.

mush

Joyivazkunii nishondihandai mush dar ekran ba informatsiyae, ki shumo dar ayni hol onro mebined, yagon tasire namerasonad. Nishondihandai mush dar ekran tanho mavqero nishon medihad. Ba vositai mush amaliyoti ziyodero ijro kardan mumkin ast. Ba in amaliyot – intikhobkunii obekthoi ekran, bekorkunii amali intikhobkuni, kushodani faylhoi hujjatho, ba kor darovardani programmaho, az yak mavqe ba digar mavqe kuchonidani obekthoi ravzana, nuskhabardori namudani onho, nest namudani onho va gayra dokhil meshavand.

Mushho bo du yo se tugma (bazan ziyodtar) mujahhaz gardonida meshavand. Har kadomi onho vazifahoi muayyani khudro dorand. Dar Windows-programmaho tugmai mobaynii mush qarib istifoda burda nameshavad. Tugmai chapi mush tugmai asosi va tugmai rosti on tugmai yorirason hisob karda meshavand.

Baroi intikhob yo judo namudani yagon obekti ravzana kifoya ast, ki nishondihandai mushro ba boloi nishonai on burda, tugmai chapashro yak marotiba pakhsh karda sar dihem.

Agar in amaliyotro bo yagon komandai menyu guzaronem, on goh on ba ijroshavi shuru menamoyad. Baroi kushodani fayli yagon hujjat yo nishonai yagon programma, nishondihandai mushro ba boloi nishonai on guzoshta, tugmai chapi mushro zud-zud du marotiba pakhsh karda, sar dodan lozim ast.

Baroi az yak mavqei ravzana ba mavqei digari on kuchonidani nishona boshad, nishondihandai mushro ba boloi nishona guzoshta, tugmai chapi mushro pakhshkunon nishonaro ba joi nav kuchonida, bad tugmaro sar dodan lozim ast.

Hangomi guzoshtani nishondihandai mush ba yagon mavqei ravzana yo boloi yagon nishonai on va pakhsh namudani tugmai rosti mush, dar ekran ravzanai robitavii makhsuse paydo meshavad, ki on az menyui komandahoi zaruri iborat ast. Istifodabaranda metavonad muvofiqi talaboti masala in yo on komandaro intikhob va tugmai chapi mushro pakhshnamoyad.

Savolho:

  1. Mush chi guna tajhizot ast va baroi ijroi kadom vazifaho peshbini karda shudaast?
  2. Nishondihandai mush kadom funksiyahoro ijro mekunad?
  3. Tugmahoi mush kadom vazifahoro ijro menamoyand?
  4. Oyo funksiyahoi tugmahoi chap va rosti mushro ivaz kardan mumkin ast?

Suporish:

  1. Matni mavzuro bodiqqat khoned va onro naql kuned.
  2. Funksiyahoi tugmahoi rost va chapi mushro nombar kuned.
  3. Mushro dar boloi qolincha ba har taraf ba harakat darovarda, ahamiyat dihed, ki dar ekran nishondihandai mush kadom shaklhoro qabul menamoyad.

 

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