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MASTAK

mastakMASTAK (Thermopsis dolychocarpa), giyohest bisyorsola. Az 20 to 80 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash sershokhcha, bargash (daroziash 4 – 11 sm) separrai dumchador (bargchahoyash neshtarshakl), gulash kaloni zard, tukhmash buri zardtob (vazni 1000 donaash 20 – 25 g); gilofakash pahn, darozi bayzashakl (2 – 11 sm), sermuyaku sertukhm, nugash darafshmonand. Apr. – iyun gul karda, iyun – avg. tukhm mebandad. Dar nishebii teppahoi zardkhok va kishtzori lalmi meruyad. Ba sifati ashyoi dorui bargu poya va tukhmi M. istifoda meshavad. Onro dar davrai gulshukuft gundoshta, dar joi kushoda mekhushkonand. Tukhmi M.-ro badi purra rasidanash jam meorand.
Dar tibbi khalqi jushobi bargu poyai sabzi M.-ro hangomi surfai sakht, tablarza, sili shush, jushobi reshaashro chun vositai isholovar va kijjaron istifoda mebarand. Az barg, poya, tukhm va reshai M. alkaloidhoi termopsin, sitizin va pakhikarpin megirand. Sitizin taqviyatbakhshi nafaskashi ast; mahluli 15-foizai on (sititon)-ro dar tib hangomi tavaqqufi refleksii nafaskashi (dar asnoi oseb yoftan, jarrohi, shok va g.) kor mefarmoyand. Sitizin ba tarkibi «teofedrin» niz dokhil meshavad (davoi ziqi nafas). M. dar tarkibi doruhoi «kotermops» va «termopiy» mavjud ast. Onhoro baroi muolijai surfa ruze 2 – 3 marotiba istemol mekunand. Naqei alafi M. chun davoi balgamron kor farmuda meshavad (yakchumchagi ruze 3 marotiba).
Ad.: Kovalyova N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorsatushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; H o d j i m a t o v M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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