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MARGIMUSH

margimushMARGIMUSH (Arsenicum), arsen, As, elementi khimiyavii guruhi V jadvali Mendeleev; raqami at. 33, massai at. 74,921. Kristalli khokistarrangi fulodgun. Izotopi sobiti A.-i tabii 75As ast. Dar qishri zamin massai A. 1,7 • 10-4%, beshtar dar namudi mineralhoi sulfuri duchor meshavad. YAkchand namudhoi allotropii A. vujud dorand. Sobittarini onho A.-i khokistarrangi haror. gud. 817°S, zichiash 5727 kg/m3 (dar haror. 20°S) meboshad. A.-ro dar khulaho, payvasthoi onro dar istehsoli shisha va chini, hangomi korkardi pust va muina, dar kishovarzi chun zahri khimiyavi va dar tib chun doru istifoda mebarand. Hamai payvasthoi halshavandai A. zahri qotiland.
Zahroludii shadid az payvasthoi M. kam duchor meoyad. Ba organizmi odam payvasthoi M. asosan dar natijai nafas kashidan, bazan ba vositai rohi medayu rudaho vorid meshavand. Onho dar organizm dar ustukhonho, jigar, gurda, pust, muy va nokhunho gird meoyand. M. tasiri omosofar niz dorad.
Baroi peshgirii zahroludi az M. toza nigoh doshtani havoi korgoh, istifodai liboshoi makhsus, respirator, dastpushak, aynak va g. muhim ast. Korgarone, ki bo payvasthoi M. tamos dorand, boyad sari har chand vaqt az muoinai dukhtur guzarand.
Ba doruhoi M. angidridi margimush (Acidum arsenicosum anhydrium), mahluli arseniti kaliy (Liquor Kalii arsenitis), arsenati natriy (Natrii arsenas) mansuband. Angidridi margimushro dar amaliyai stomatologiya kor mefarmoyand. Arseniti kaliy va arsenati natriy dar yakjoyagi bo strikhnin ba tarkibi dorui «Dupleks» dokhil meshavad (onro baroi muolijai shaklhoi sabuki kamkhuni kor mefarmoyand).
Payvasthoi organikii M. ba spirokhetho, leyshmaniyaho, amyobai isholi khunin, tripanosomaho, plazmodiyaho, trikhomonadaho, baze gelmintho tasiri margovar merasonand.
Istifodai doruhoi M. ba odamoni az 50-sola bolo, hangomi bemorihoi shadidi siroyati (gripp, angina va g.), amrozi shadidi medayu ruda, zakhmi meda, bemorihoi dil, gepatitho, nefrit, omosi gurda, diabeti qandi, bemorii gadudi siparshakl va g. joiz nest.

J.S. Langarieva.

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