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LIMFADENIT

limfadenitLIMFADENIT (Lymphadenitis; az limfa va yun. aden – gadud), gazaki uqdahoi limfviro guyand. Uqadhoi limfavi qad-qadi raghoi limfavi joy girifta, vazifai sad (baryer)-ro ijro mekunand (moddahoi zararnok va mikrobhoi kasaliovari ba limfa dokhilshudaro bozmedorand). Vobasta ba faoliyati mikrobho va holati organizm mikrobhoi bemorizo badi roh yoftanashon ba uqdahoi limfavi nobud yo boisi paydoishi iltihob meshavand. L.-i shadid asosan badi ba vositai zakhm, joi kharoshkhurdai dastu poy, ruy, sar, gardan va g. vorid gashtani mikrobho yo chun bodi puchak, dumbal, flegmona ba vujud meoyad. L.-ro mikrobhoi fasodovar (streptokokkho, stafilokokkho) yo mikrobhoi makhsus (khususan barangezandai sil) niz paydo mekunand. Agar illat binobar tasiri barangezandai sil sar zanad, L. muzmin jarayon megirad.
Dar asnoi gazaki shadid uqdahoi limfavi kalon shuda, varam mekunand, hangomi palmosidan dard his karda meshavad, vale vazi bemor bad nest. Dar surati minbad inkishof yoftani L. harorati badan to 390 ¬– 400 baland gardida, bazan tablarza, dardi sar, ehsosi khastagi paydo meshavad. Surkh shudani pusti atrofi uqdahoi kalon va badi 3 – 4 ruz narm gardidani miyonjoi onho daleli jam shudani fasod ast. Agar rimkhonai uqdai limfaviro sarivaqt chok nakunand, rim ba boftahoi nazdik guzashta, boisi inkishofi bodi noguvor, yane flegmona meshavad.
Paydo shudani L. daleli az yagon manbai fasodnok pahn gashtani siroyat va imkonpazirii orizahoi khatarnok ast. Az in ru, hangomi zuhuri alomathoi L. favran ba dukhtur murojiat boyad kard. Dar mavridi muldijai yuaomaad farjomi bemori khub ast.

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