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Kasbu hunar

Dar davlati Joniyon sharoit baroi taraqqiyoti kasbu hunar nomusoid bud. Vale kosibon hunari khudro faromush namekardand. SHohidi zamon, shoiri shirinkalom Sayidoi Nasafi dar yak khudi Bukhoro dusad namudi hunarro nom burdaast. Kasbu hunar, ki mahsuloti on ba khorij sodir meshud, yak daraja vazi behtare dosht. Talaboti beruni dar chunin sharoiti sakht ba peshrafti istehsolot musoidat mekard.

Kosibon matohoi harkhelaro beshtar dar khonahoyashon istehsol mekardand. Hunari bofandagi khelo rivoju ravnaq yofta, gazvorhoi pakhtagi bartari doshtand va onhoro ba bozorhoi beruni mebarovardand. Haridoroni chunin matoho beshtar qabilahoi bodiyanishin va davlati Rus bud. Binobar on munosibathoi tijoratii vusatyobanda bo Rusiya ahamiyati makhsuse dosht.

8-mavzolej-pahlavan-mahmuda

Misli asrhoi guzashta sokhtani asbobhoi ohanin va misin afzaliyat paydo kard. Ustoho az suzan cap karda to yugu sipor va asbobhoi ruzgor istehsol mekardand. CHun peshtara ustohoi sohibhunari silohsoz aslihai gunogun kamon, nayza, shamsher, khanjar, javshan, zireh, sipar mesokhtand. Dar shahrhoi markazi, makhsusan dar Bukhoro, istehsoli giru tup va boruz ba roh monda shud. Istehsoli mahsuloti fuluzi bo sababi kam budani istehsoli ohan dar Osiyoi Miyona nisbatan mahdud bud. Hukumati podshohii rus ba in sarzamin ovardani mis, ohan va fulodro man kard. Miqdori nochizi fuluzot dar viloyathoi Bukhoro va Samarqand istehcol meshud. Dar viloyatho mutakhassisone budand, ki ba istehsoli sangi marmar va gaj shugl doshtand.

Istehsoli namudhoi gunoguni sanghoi qimmatbaho va nimqimmatbaho beshtar dar Badakhshon mushohida meshud. Lali Balakhshon dar aksari mamlakatho maruf bud.

Ba nisbatan jonnok shudani kasbu kosibi vase shudani savdoi dokhili va khoriji sabab gasht.

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