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MUHITI ZIST – QONUNI JT

QONUNI JUMHURII TOJIKISTON DAR BORAI ARZYOBII TASIRRASONI BA MUHITI ZIST

Qonuni mazkur asoshoi huquqi va tashkilii arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist, robitai mutaqobilai on ba ekspertizai davlatii ekologi, inchunin tartibi bahisobgiri va tasnifi obekthoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zistro muqarrar menamoyad.

BOBI 1. MUQARRAROTI UMUMI

Moddai 1. Mafhumhoi asosi

Dar Qonuni mazkur mafhumhoi asosii zerin istifoda karda meshavand:

– arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist muayyan namudani tasiri imkonpaziri faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda ba muhiti zist, tagyiri ehtimolii muhiti zist, inchunin peshgui namudani vazi oyandai on ba maqsadi qabuli qaror oid ba imkonpazir yo imkonnopazir budani tatbiqi qarorhoi loihavi;

– tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist – oqibathoi faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda baroi muhiti zist, ki ba salomati va amniyati aholi, obekthoi olami nabotot va hayvonot, khok, havoi atmosfera, zakhirahoi ob va zamin, iqlim, landshaft, yodgorihoi merosi tarikhiyu farhangi va digar obekthoi moddi yo robitai mutaqobilai onho, inchunin ba sharoiti ijtimoiyu iqtisodi tasir merasonand;

– faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda – sokhtmon, tajdid, vasekuni, bozsozii tekhniki, tagyiri samti istehsolot, barhamdihii on va digar namudi faoliyate, ki metavonad ba muhiti zist tasir rasonad;

– tasiri manfi ba muhiti zist – tagyiryobii manfii holati muhiti zist, ki purra yo qisman dar natijai tasirrasonii obekti faoliyati khojagidori ba vujud omadaast;

– farmoishgari faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda – shakhsi voqei yo huquqie, ki baroi omodasozii hujjatho oid ba faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda, az jumla arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist masul meboshad;

– maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist (minbad – maqomi vakolatdori davlati) – maqomi ijroiyai hokimiyati davlati, ki baroi ijroi vakolathoi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni mazkur va qabuli qarorhoi vobasta ba faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist masul ast;

– obekti arzyobi – faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda, ki nisbati on rasmiyoti arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist tatbiq karda meshavad;

– hisobot oid ba natijai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist – qismi tarkibii hujjathoi loihavi, ki doroi ittiloot oid ba maqsadhoi tatbiqi loihai peshbinishavanda, varianthoi alternativii tatbiqi loihai mazkur, malumot dar borai holati muhiti zisti hududi tatbiqi loiha, oqibathoi manfii ehtimolii tatbiqi loiha baroi salomati va amniyati aholi, muhiti zist va obekthoi tabii, inchunin tadbirho oid ba kohish dodan va peshgiri namudani onho meboshad;

– hujjathoi toloihavi – hujjathoe, ki imkoniyat va muvofiqi maqsad budani tatbiqi loiha va arzyobii samaranokii on, az jumla asosnokunii (hisobkunii) tekhniki-iqtisodiro sobit mekunand.

Moddai 2. Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

Qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist ba Konstitutsiyai Jumhurii Tojikiston asos yofta, az Qonuni mazkur, digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, iborat meboshad.

Moddai 3. Prinsiphoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

Arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist ba prinsiphoi zerin asos meyobad:

– farziyai khatari ehtimolii ekologii faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda;

– hatmi budani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zisti faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda, ki metavonad ba muhiti zist tasiri mustaqim yo gayrimustaqimi manfi rasonad;

– hatmi budani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist dar marhilai loihakashi;

– hatmi budani bahisobgirii talabot oid ba tamini amniyati ekologi hangomi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– saheh va mukammal budani malumote, ki hangomi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist istifoda karda meshavad;

– ilman asosnok va kholisona budani natijai khulosaho oid ba arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– dastrasii ozod ba natijahoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– ba hisob giriftani fikru mulohizahoi shakhsoni manfiatdor;

– javobgarii farmoishgari faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda baroi oqibathoi manfii tatbiqi loiha.

Moddai 4. Doirai amali Qonuni mazkur

  1. Amali Qonuni mazkur nisbat ba loihahoi faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda, ki metavonand ba muhiti zist tasiri manfii mustaqim yo gayrimustaqim rasonand, tatbiq megardad.
  2. Amali Qonuni mazkur tatbiq namegardad ba:

– loihahoi faoliyate, ki ba tamini amniyati milli va mudofia, inchunin hifzi aholi va hududho az holathoi favqulodai doroi khususiyati tabii yo tekhnogeni ravona shudaand;

– uhdadorihoi maqomoti vakolatdor oid ba rioyai mahdudiyatho, ki tibqi sanadhoi meyorii huquqi nisbati sirri tijorati va ittilooti makhfii subekti sohibkori, az jumla molikiyati zehni muqarrar shudaand;

– obekthoi faoliyati khojagidori va digar namudi faoliyat, ki to qabuli Qonuni mazkur loihakashi gardida, sokhtmoni onho idoma dorad va yo ba istifoda suporida shudaand.

 

BOBI 2. SALOHIYAT VA VAKOLATHOI MAQOMOTI DAVLATI DAR SOHAI ARZYOBII TASIRRASONI BA MUHITI ZIST

Moddai 5. Salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

Ba salohiyati Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist dokhil meshavand:

– ishtirok dar muayyan namudani samthoi asosii siyosati davlati dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– qabuli sanadhoi meyorii huquqi dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– muqarrar namudani tartibi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist, tasnifi obekthoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist az rui guruhho vobasta ba khususiyati tasirrasonii onho ba muhiti zist, inchunin meyorhoe, ki darajai khatarnokii obekthoi faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavandaro baroi muhiti zist muayyan mekunand;

– muayyan kardani maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– amali namudani hamkorihoi baynalmilali dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– amali namudani digar salohiyatho, ki sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini namudaand.

 

Moddai 6. Vakolathoi maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

Ba vakolathoi maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist mansuband:

– tatbiqi siyosati davlati dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– tahiya va ba Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihod namudani sanadhoi meyorii huquqi dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– tahiya va bo tartibi muqarrargardida qabul namudani qoidaho, tavsiyaho, dasturhoi metodi va digar hujjathoi meyoriyu tekhnikii tanzimkunandai munosibatho dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– tamini dastrasii shakhsoni manfiatdor ba malumot oid ba natijahoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– amali namudani digar vakolatho, ki sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshbini namudaand.

 

Moddai 7. Vakolathoi maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot dar sohai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston dar doirai vakolathoi khud tadbirhoro oid ba tashkil va barguzorii arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist amali menamoyand.

 

BOBI 3. TARTIBI GUZARONIDANI ARZYOBII TASIRRASONI BA MUHITI ZIST

Moddai 8. Hatmi budani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

  1. Tahiya va amalisozii loihahoi faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyat, ki ba muhiti zist tasiri manfi merasonand, be guzaronidani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist man ast.
  2. Arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist nisbati guruhhoi faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda, ki dar moddai 12 Qonuni mazkur nishon doda shudaand, hatmi meboshad.

 

Moddai 9. Subekthoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

Subekthoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist inho meboshand:

– maqomi vakolatdori davlati;

– farmoishgari faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda;

– tahiyagari (pudratchii) hujjathoi toloihavi va loihavi;

– tashkilotho va mutakhassisone (pudratchiyoni farie), ki ba guzaronidani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist jalb karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 10. Masuliyati subekthoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

  1. Maqomi vakolatdori davlati baroi sari vaqt, purra va kholisona barrasi namudani hisobot (izhorot) oid ba arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist, hujjathoi toloihavi va loihavie, ki natijahoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zistro dar bar megirand, masul meboshad.
  2. Farmoishgari faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda baroi ijroi amalhoi zerin masul meboshad:

– tashkil va guzaronidani rasmiyoti arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– tahiyai hisoboti purra va saheh oid ba arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– ba nazar giriftani oqibathoi ekologi va digar oqibathoi ba tatbiqi loiha vobasta (hangomi sokhtmon, navsozi, vase kardan, bozsozii tekhniki, istifodabari va barham dodani obektu majmaahoi khojagidori);

– mablagguzorii rasmiyoti arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist va tahqiqotu justujuhoi bo on aloqamand;

– ba tahiyagari (pudratchii) hujjathoi toloihavi va loihavi peshnihod namudani ittilooti dar ikhtiyorashbuda dar borai oqibathoi ekologii sokhtmon va istifodabarii obekthoi amalkunandai monand, ki tavassuti monitoringi sohavi, arzyobii vazi tibbiyu geografi va tahlili badiloihavii ekologi jam ovarda shudaand;

– peshnihodi hisobot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist dar tarkibi hujjathoi toloihavi va loihavi ba ekspertizai davlatii ekologi;

– tamini ijroi sharthoi hangomi barrasii hisobot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist guzoshtashuda dar rafti amalisozii (sokhtmon va istifodabarii) loiha.

  1. Tahiyagari (pudratchii) hujjathoi toloihavi va loihavi dar nazdi farmoishgar baroi ijroi amalhoi zerin masul meboshad:

– rioyai marhilahoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– tahiyai hisobot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist, mukammali, sahehi va sifatii natijahoi dar on badastovardashuda.

  1. Tashkilotho va mutakhassison (pudratchiyoni fari), ki baroi guzaronidani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist jalb karda meshavand, dar nazdi tahiyagari (pudratchii) hujjathoi toloihavi va loihavi baroi mukammali, sahehi va sifati korhoe, ki tibqi shartnomaho anjom doda meshavand, masul meboshand.

 

Moddai 11. Marhilahoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

  1. Arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist pay dar pay, bo nazardoshti marhilahoi loihakashii shahrsozi va sokhtmon, tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist marhilahoi zerinro dar bar megirad:

– marhilai 1 – sharh va arzyobii holati muhiti zisti hudud, ki bo maqsadi asosnok kardani intikhobi qitai munosibi zamin baroi joygironii obekt guzaronida meshavad;

– marhilai 2 – arzyobii peshakii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist, ki dar yak vaqt bo asosnoksozii tekhnikiyu iqtisodii loiha guzaronida shuda, dar shakli izhorot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist ba rasmiyat darovarda meshavad;

– marhilai 3 – arzyobii tasirrasoni, ki bo maqsadi tahlili purra va kompleksii oqibathoi ehtimolii tatbiqi loihai faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyat, asosnok kardani varianthoi alternativi va tahiyai naqshai (barnomai) idorakunii hifzi muhiti zist guzaronida meshavad. Hisobot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist boyad tavsifi halli tekhnikii peshgirii holathoi tasiri manfi ba muhiti zistro dar bar girad. Dar in marhila meyorhoi ikhroji partovho ba havoi atmosfera va obekthoi obi, hosilshavi, jamovari va joygironii partovhoi sakht va moe tahiya karda meshavand;

– marhilai 4 – tahlili badiloihavi, ki pas az yak soli ba istifoda suporida shudani obekt (ogozi faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyat) bo maqsadi tasdiqi bekhatari baroi muhiti zist va tashehi naqshai (barnomai) idorakunii hifzi muhiti zist guzaronida meshavad.

 

Moddai 12. Guruhhoi obekthoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

  1. Faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda vobasta ba mohiyati tasiri ekologi, hamchun obekti arzyobi ba guruhhoi “A”, “B”, “V” va “G” judo karda meshavad.
  2. Baroi namudhoi faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda, ki ba nomgui guruhhoi “A” va “B” dokhil karda nashudaand, peshnihodi izhorot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist va elomiyai uhdadoriho oid ba tadbirhoi muayyangardida va peshbinishavandai hifzi muhiti zist az jonibi farmoishgari faoliyati mazkur hatmi meboshand.
  3. Izhorot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist hamchunin dar holate, ki faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda ba muhiti zist tasiri manfi nadorad yo tasiri musbi merasonad, peshnihod karda meshavad.

 

Moddai 13. Rasmiyoti barrasii hujjathoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist dar ekspertizai davlatii ekologi

  1. Barrasii hujjathoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist dar ekspertizai davlatii ekologi vobasta ba guruhhoi obekthoi arzyobi dar muhlati to 60 ruz anjom doda meshavad.
  2. Qaror dar borai muqarrar kardani rasmiyoti dakhldori ekspertizai davlatii ekologii hujjathoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati dar muhlati na beshtar az 10 ruzi korii bad az baqaydgirii mavodhoi peshnihodshuda qabul karda meshavad.
  3. Hulosai ekspertizai davlatii ekologi vobasta ba hujjathoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist baroi ijro az jonibi farmoishgari faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda hatmi meboshad.

 

Moddai 14. Meyorhoi mansub donistani faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda ba obekthoi guruhi “A”

  1. Faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda ba obekthoi guruhi “A” mansub donista meshavand, agar:

– obekti arzyobi ba muhiti zist va yo behdoshti sanitariyu gigienii aholi tasiri manfii miqyosan buzurg rasonad;

– obekti arzyobi ba hududhoi tabiii makhsus muhofizatshavanda, ki dar asosi konvensiyahoi ekologi va digar sozishnomahoi baynalmilali hifz meshavand yo maqomi digari baynalmilali dorand, tasiri bevosita rasonad;

– obekti arzyobi ba obekthoi merosi tarikhiyu farhangi tasiri bevosita doshta boshad;

– obekti arzyobi tasiri faromarzi doshta boshad.

  1. Obekthoi arzyobii ba guruhi “A” mansubbuda ba tavri purra ba arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist faro girifta meshavand. Hisobot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist dar tarkibi hujjathoi loihavi ba tavri hatmi ba ekspertizai davlatii ekologi muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston peshnihod karda meshavad.
  2. Tanzimi tekhnikii masalahoi tamini amniyati ekologii obekthoi arzyobii marbut ba guruhi “A” tibqi prinsiphoi zerin amali karda meshavad:

– hatmi budani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist hangomi qabuli qaror oid ba amalisozii faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyat, az jumla, qabuli qaror dar borai rad kardani faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda;

– imkonpazirii tasiri manfii faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda ba muhiti zist tibqi talaboti meyori oid ba tamini bekhatarii ekologi, ki dar reglamenthoi tekhniki muqarrar shudaand;

– tamini kohishdihii tasirrasonii manfii faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda dar asosi istifodai tekhnologiyahoi behtarini dastras bo nazardoshti az nigohi iqtisodi maqsadnok budani tatbiqi onho, istifodai oqilonai zakhirahoi tabii va rioyai reglamenthoi tekhniki dar sohai hifzi muhiti zist.

 

Moddai 15. Meyorhoi mansub donistani faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda ba obekthoi guruhi “B”

  1. Ba guruhi “B” faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavandae mansub donista meshavad, ki ba muhiti zist tasiri peshguishavanda merasonand va in bo natijahoi tashkhishoi qablan anjomdoda tasdiq shudaast.
  2. Hangomi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zisti obekthoi marbut ba guruhi “B” rioyai tekhnologiyahoi behtarini dastras va meyorhoi tekhnologii dakhldor, ki bo reglamenthoi tekhniki muqarrar shudaand, ba nazar girifta meshavand.
  3. Hangomi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zisti obekthoi marbut ba guruhi “B” inho ba hisob girifta meshavand:

– nishondihandahoi asosii faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda (malumot dar borai hajmi mahsuloti istehsolshavanda yo iqtidor, mavjudiyati tasiroti darozmuhlati kumulyativi, hajmi istifodai zakhirahoi tabii, hosilshavii partovho, oludashavi va khavfho baroi muhiti zist);

– joygirshavii obekt bo nazardoshti mavjudiyat va osebpazirii mintaqahoi nazdisohili, mamnugohho va hududhoi digari hifzshavandai tabii va tarikhiyu farhangi, mohiyati tasiri ekologi, pahnshavii jugrofi, davomnoki va takroryobii on.

 

Moddai 16. Meyorhoi mansub donistani faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda ba obekthoi guruhi “V”

  1. Ba obekthoi guruhi “V” faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavandae mansub donista meshavand, ki ba muhiti zist tasiri nazarras nadoshta va andozai in tasir boyad bo natijahoi tashkhisho tasdiq karda shavad.
  2. Dar hujjathoe, ki yakjoya bo izhorot dar borai tasirrasoni ba muhiti zisti obekthoi guruhi “V” peshnihod megardand, namudhoi tasirrasoni (ikhroji partovho ba havoi atmosfera va manbahoi obi, hosilshavi va joygironii partohoi sakht va moe, sado va digar namudhoi tasirrasoni), ki ba faoliyati mazkuri khojagidori yo digar faoliyat khos meboshand, arzyobi karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 17. Hususiyathoi obekthoi arzyobii mansub ba guruhi “G”

  1. Ba obekthoi guruhi “G” faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavandae mansub donista meshavad, ki ba muhiti zist tasiri juzii manfi merasonad va masalahoi kam kardani in tasir tariqi chorahoi muhandisi – tekhniki hal shudaand.
  2. SHarti asosi baroi obekthoi arzyobii guruhi “G” muvofiqati samti faoliyat bo tainoti naqshai generalii hudud meboshad.

 

Moddai 18. SHaklhoi tasirrasoni va juzhoi muhiti zist, ki hangomi arzyobi ba inobat girifta meshavand

  1. Hangomi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist shaklhoi zerini tasirrasoni ba inobat girifta meshavand:

– tasirrasonii mustaqim – tasirrasoni az namudhoi asosi va ba on aloqamandi faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda bevosita dar mahalli joygirshavii obekt;

– tasirrasonii gayrimustaqim – tasirrasoni az omilhoi gayrimustaqim (duyumdaraja), ki dar natijai tatbiqi loiha barmeoyand;

– tasirrasonii kumulyativi – tasirrasonie, ki khususiyati jamshavanda doshta, dar tamomi jarayoni tatbiqi loiha ba amal meoyad.

  1. Dar ravandi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist tasirrasoni ba holati juzhoi zerin ba nazar girifta meshavad:

– havoi atmosfera;

– obhoi ruizamini va zerizamini;

– sath va qari obanborho;

– landshaftho;

– zakhirahoi zamin va khok;

– olami nabotot va hayvonot;

– ekosistemaho;

– salomatii aholi;

– shugli aholi, imkoniyati tahsil kardan va istifoda namudan az digar infrasokhtori ijtimoi;

– obekthoi merosi tarikhiyu farhangi va digar arzishhoi moddi;

– digar juzhoi muhiti zist yo majmui onho.

 

Moddai 19. Tamini metodii arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

  1. Arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist bo tartibi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston guzaronida meshavad.
  2. Nazorati ijroi talabot oid ba guzaronidani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zistro maqomi vakolatdori davlati tibqi Qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston amali mesozad.

 

Moddai 20. Hujjati arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

  1. Hujjati arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist hisobot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zisti faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda meboshad.
  2. Hisobot dar borai natijai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zisti faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda qismi tarqibii hujjathoi loihavii sokhtmoni meboshad.
  3. Hisobot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zisti faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda dar bar megirad:

– malumoti hatmi dar borai farmoishgari faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyat;

– asosnokkunii zarurati tatbiqi faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda, asosnokkunii sarmoyaguzori, asosnokkunii tekhnikiyu iqtisodii loiha, inchunin qismi tasdiqshavandai loihai kori va sharhnoma;

– tavsifi holati to lahzai ogozi faoliyat mavjudbudai juzhoi muhiti zist;

– hadaf va tavsifi nishondihandahoi asosii loiha dar majmu va talabot nisbat ba joygironii on dar mahal;

– tavsifi nishondihandahoi asosii ravandhoi istehsoli, az jumla, namud va miqdori mavodu tajhizoti istifodashavanda bo nishon dodani shaklhoi ehtimolii tasirrasonii manfii faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda ba muhiti zist, hajm va tarkibi partovho, ashyoi khomi istifodashavanda (zakhirahoi az tabiat giriftashavanda);

– arzyobii tekhnologiyai istifodashavanda az lihozi mutobiqati on ba tekhnologiyahoi behtarini dastras va meyorhoi qiyosii tekhniki va gigieni;

– ittiloot dar borai varianthoi alternativi bo nishondodi sababhoi asosii intikhobi varianti loihavi;

– tavsifi tasirrasonii ehtimolii faoliyat ba juzhoi abiotiki (geologiya va sharoiti relef, iqlim, holati havoi atmosfera va muhiti obi) va biotikii (landshaftho, khok, olami nabotot va hayvonot) muhiti zist, salomatii aholi va sharoiti ijtimoiyu iqtisodi;

– tavsifi manbaho va namudhoi tasirrasoni dar marhilai sokhtmon;

– nishon dodani tasirrasonii nomalumi (nomuayyani) faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda ba muhiti zist;

– arzyobii khatari ekologi va digar khavfhoe, ki ba salomatii aholi tahdid mekunand;

– tavsifi tadbirho, ki baroi peshgiri va kohish dodani tasir ba muhiti zist peshbini gardidaand, az jumla, peshnihodho oid ba guzaronidani monitoringi ekologi;

– meyorhoi loihavii partovhoi moddahoi ifloskunanda va joygironii partovho dar muhiti zist, hamchunin meyorhoi istikhroji zakhirahoi tabii;

– asosnokkunii barnomai nazorati ekologii istehsoli;

– arzyobii ekologiyu iqtisodii loiha bo nazardoshti khatarhoi ehtimoli, khususiyat va hajmi jubroni zarari ba muhiti zist rasonidashuda;

– mavod dar khususi bahisobgirii fikru mulohizahoi shahrvandon, ki dar shakli protokolho ba rasmiyat darovarda shuda, khulosaho oid ba pahluhoi ekologii faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavandaro dar bar megirad;

– nishon dodani mushkilot oid ba dastrasii ittiloot hangomi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– khulosahoi asosi az natijahoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist;

– tavsifi mukhtasari ittilooti peshbininamudai qismi mazkur baroi shahrvandon;

– digar ittiloot, ki baroi tamini purragi va etimodnokii hisobot dar borai arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist zarur ast.

  1. Tarkib va mundarijai hujjatho oid ba marhilahoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist az jonibi maqomi vakolatdori davlati muayyan karda meshavand.

 

Moddai 21. Hususiyathoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zisti obekthoi doroi tasiri faromarzi

Arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zisti obekthoi doroi tasiri faromarzi bo tartibi muayyannamudai Hukumati Jumhurii Tojikiston, inchunin sanadhoi huquqii baynalmilalie, ki Tojikiston onhoro etirof kardaast, guzaronida meshavad.

 

BOBI 4. ITTIHODIYAHOI JAMIYATI VA ARZYOBII TASIRRASONI BA MUHITI ZIST

 

Moddai 22. Huquq va uhdadorihoi ittihodiyahoi jamiyati hangomi guzaronidani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

  1. Ittihodiyahoi jamiyati hangomi guzaronidani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist huquqhoi zerinro dorand:

– dar ravandi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist ishtirok namoyand;

– ba maqomi vakolatdori davlati oid ba tashkil va guzaronidani ekspertizai jamiyatii ekologi va muhokimahoi jamiyatii natijahoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist murojiat namoyand;

– ba sud bo davo oid ba jubroni zarar ba muhiti zist va himoyai manfiathoi shahrvandon murojiat namoyand.

  1. Ittihodiyahoi jamiyati hangomi guzaronidani arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist uhdadorihoi zerin dorand:

– talaboti qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikistonro dar sohai hifzi muhiti zist rioya namoyand;

– ba maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati, maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot dar halli mushkiloti hifzi muhiti zist musoidat namoyand.

  1. Ittihodiyahoi jamiyati digar huququ uhdadorihoro, ki qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston muqarrar namudaast, doro meboshand.

 

Moddai 23. Ishtiroki ittihodiyahoi jamiyati dar ravandi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

  1. Ishtiroki ittihodiyahoi jamiyati dar omodasozi va muhokimai mavodhoi arzyobii tasirasoni ba muhiti zist az jonibi farmoishgar hamchun qismi tarkibii ravandi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist tamin karda meshavad.
  2. Maqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati va maqomoti khudidorakunii shahrak va dehot baroi ishtiroki shahrvandon dar ravandi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist tibqi tartibi muqarrarnamudai Qonuni mazkur va digar sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston musoidat menamoyand.
  3. Bo maqsadi ba ittihodiyahoi jamiyati faroham ovardani imkoniyati ishtirok dar ravandi qabuli qaror oid ba faoliyati khojagidori va digar faoliyati banaqshagiriftashavanda va bahisobgirii fikru mulohizahoi onho mashvarathoi jamiyati tashkil karda meshavand.
  4. Tartibi ishtiroki ittihodiyahoi jamiyatiro dar ravandi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist sanadhoi meyorii huquqii Jumhurii Tojikiston muayyan menamoyand.

 

Moddai 24. Dastrasii shahrvandon ba ittiloot dar ravandi barguzorii arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist

  1. Maqomi vakolatdori davlati rasmiyoti ittilootonii shahrvandonro dar marhilai dakhldori arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist oid ba loihahoi ba guruhhoi “A” va “V” mansubbuda tartib medihad. Dar yak vaqt imkoniyati guzaronidani mashvaratho va bahisobgirii fikru mulohizahoi shahrvandon peshbini karda meshavand.
  2. Rasmiyoti ittilootonii shahrvandon iboratand az:

– nishon dodani joyhoi dastras namudani ittiloot va barguzorii mashvaratho;

– nishon dodani shaklhoi ittilootonii jomea (az jumla, tavassuti somonahoi interneti, pochta, vositahoi akhbori omma, tashkili muhokimaho, istifodabarii rasmho, jadvalho, naqshaho, diagrammaho va digar vositaho);

– muayyan namudani tarzu uslubi mashvarat bo shahrvandon (az jumla, dar shakli muhokimai peshnihodhoi khatti, natijahoi pursishi aholi);

– muqarrar kardani muhlatho baroi marhilahoi dakhldori arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist.

  1. Tamomi ittiloot, az jumla, hisobot, khulosai ekspertho, asosnokkunii tekhnikiyu iqtisodii loihaho, tagyirot dar loihaho, natijai tahqiqot, ki ba obekthoi arzyobii tasirrasoni ba muhiti zist dakhl dorand, dar somonai internetii maqomi vakolatdori davlati joygir karda meshavand.
  2. Pas az qabuli qaror dar borai dodani ijozat yo rad kardani tatbiqi loiha, maqomi vakolatdori davlati ittilooti zerinro baroi jomea dastras menamoyad:

– mohiyati qaror;

– dalelu mulohizahoi asosi, ki baroi qabuli qarori mazkur asos meboshand;

– tavsifi chorabinihoi asosi oid ba peshgiri, kohish dodan va dar holati imkonpazir budan, bartaraf kardani tasiri manfi ba muhiti zist hangomi tatbiqi loiha.

 

BOBI 5. MUQARRAROTI HOTIMAVI

 

Moddai 25. Javobgari baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur

SHakhsoni voqei va huquqi baroi rioya nakardani talaboti Qonuni mazkur muvofiqi qonunguzorii Jumhurii Tojikiston ba javobgari kashida meshavand.

 

Moddai 26. Tartibi mavridi amal qaror dodani Qonuni mazkur

Qonuni mazkur pas az intishori rasmi mavridi amal qaror doda shavad.

 

 

Prezidenti

Jumhurii Tojikiston                                                                                                  Emomali Rahmon

 

sh.Dushanbe

18 iyuli soli 2017

№ 1448

 

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