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Kartoshka baroi khurok yo ruy?

Kartoshka qarib dar hama jo parvarish karda meshavad. Vobasta ba nav kartoshkaho gunogunshakl (mudavvar, darozruya) va gunogunrang (safed, zard gulobi) meshavand.

Kartoshka to 17,5% ohar, inchunin qand, namakhoi minerali va safeda dorad. Qimati gizoii safedahoi on nisbati safedahoi gusht kamtar boshad ham, purbahotarin safedai rastani ba shumor meravad.

kartoshka rastani

Kartoshka hamchun manbai vitamini S, guruhi vitaminhoi V, RR, K khele ahamiyatnok ast. Kartoshka nisbat ba digar sabzavotu meva kamtar vitamini S dorad. Bo vujudi on azbaski inson dar davomi sol kartoshkaro beshtar istemol menamoyad, binobar on talaboti ba vitamini S doshtai organizm qone meshavad. Vatani kartoshka Amerikai Markazi va Janubi buda, ziyoda az 14 hazor sol pesh istemol mekunand. Ba Avrupo kartoshkaro dar miyonahoi asri HVI darovardand.

Ammo avrupoiho namedonistand, ki onro chi tavr istemol namoyand. Onho kartoshkaro dar ibtido chun rastanii guldor parvarish mekardand.

Badtar lundahoi khomi onro istemol mekardagi shudand. Tanho dar nimai duyumi asri HVII kartoshkaro hamchun obchakori va sabzavoti gizoi parvarish mekardagi shudand va on dar asri HIH taraqqi karda, namudhoi ziyodi kartoshkaro alhol parvarish menamoyand.

Dar sohai khurokpazi az kartoshka taomu khurishhoi gunogunro dar shakli obpaz, bugpaz, dampaz, biryon namudan tayyor menamoyad.

 

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