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KAVAR

kavarKAVAR (Capparis spinosa), kabar, qamar, bodiringi jayra, giyohest bisyorsola. Reshaash gafsi daroz (10 – 12 m), poyaash khazanda; bargi gird, guli kaloni safed (bazan zardtob yo gulobi), mevai bayzashakl yo lunda dorad (hangomi pukhtan chorkafon meshavad va darunash misli tarbuz ast). May – iyun gul karda, sent. – okt. meva mebandad.
K. dar nishebihoi talu teppa, zaminhoi zardkhok, kanori kishtzor mesabzad. Dar mavzehoi Qurrama, Mevagul, Turkiston, Zarafshon, Hisoru Darvoz, Tojikistoni Janubiyu SHarqi va Pomiri Garbi vomekhurad.
K. giyohi shifobakhshi qadimist. Abualii Sino reshai K.-ro baroi muolijai iltihobi asabi surin, falaj, bavosir, gungi, sardard, dardi dandon, illati ispurj, jarohathoi fasodnok, kafidani mushakho istifoda meburd, onro davoi taqviyatbakhsh, kijjaron va pozahr mehisobid. Ba aqidai u mevai taru tozai K. nisbatan sergizo ast. K.-i ochoronida ziqi nafasro raf menamoyad. Sino bo reshai K. niqris, bugumdard, radikultro tabobat menamud; bargi onro baroi davoi shirincha va jarohatho tavsiya medod.
Tabiboni khalqi reshai K.-ro baroi muolijai tarbod, brutsellez, diabet, zardparvin va illati ispurju jigar istifoda mebarand. Mevai onro hangomi bugumdard, radikulit va chun davoi talkharon, isholovar va kijjaron istemol mekunand. K. faoliyati jigar, dil, shush va ispurjro taqviyat mebakhshad, hangomi jogar, diabeti qand, guluzindonak va kamishtihoi mufid ast. SHirai guli K.-ro ba jarohat memoland. Hokai mugjai K. ishtihoro mekushoyad, dar mavridi nuqsoni ispurju jigar mufid ast. Ba aqidai tabiboni mardumi agar K.-ro bikhurand yo dar ob jushonda binushand, raghoi khunro mekushoyad, uzvhoro az moddahoi zararnok pok mekunad, balgamro meronad. Har qismi K.-ro kufta guzoshta bandand, mushakhoi az kor mondaro shifo mebakhshad. Agar pust yo bargi taru tozai onro bikhoyand, maynaro az moddahoi begona toza mekunad, samari K.-ro dar namak parvarda bikhurand, ba damkutahi manfiat meorad. Samari namakkhurdai K.-ro pesh az taom istemol namoyand, darunro muloim mekunad. Ba mevai K. murch poshida bikhurand, girehhoi jigarro mekushoyad. Guli onro khushk karda va chun ord soida ba nosurhoi chashm biposhand, onhoro khushk mesozad. Bo shirai guli K. az organizm kijjahoro meronand, jushobi mevaashro hangomi bavosir, dardi voraho va sardard menushand. Obzani jushobi reshai K. baroi tabobati falaj va tarbod mufid ast.
Ad.: Kovaleva N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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