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QARANFUL

karanfulQARANFUL (Syrygium aromaticum), mekhak, qaranfur, qaranfuli gardan, darakhtest hameshasabz; yak nav khushbuiro guyand, ki az gunchai khushkonidai gulhoi Q. hosil mekunand. Bargash durushti charmgun, gulash maydai chorbargai safed, gulobi yo surkh. Hushagulash chatrshakl. Mevaash arguvoni, yaktukhma, ba anguri sagak monand ast. Vatani Q. jaz-hoi Molukka mahsub meshavad. Onro dar bisyor mamlakathoi tropiki meparvarand.
Q.-ro dar qannodi, sanoati konserv, tamoku, atriyot kor mefarmoyand. Az khususiyathoi shifobakhshii Q. Buqrot (Gippokrat), Zakariyoi Rozi, Muvafaqqudin Abumansur Alii Hiravi, Abuhanifai Dinovari, Aburayhoni Beruni, Abualii Sino va dig. khabar dodaand. Bino ba malumoti Ibni Sino istemoli Q. quvvai bosiraro ziyod mekunad, ba jigar va meda taqviyat mebakhshad, qayro bozmedorad, dahonro khushbuy megardonad. Hama uzvhoi Q. ravgani efir (to 18  dorad, ki 96% az evganol iborat ast. Dar Hitoy ravgani efiri Q.-ro baroi tabobati amrozi pust istifoda mebarand. Q. az qadimulayyom chun davoi taskinbakhshi dardi dandon va khushbuii nafas mamul ast. Agar onro bikhoyand, milki dandonhoro mustahkam menamoyad. Tabiboni khalqi bo jushobi Q. bemorihoi chashmro davo mesozand. Mahin os karda chun surma ba chashm kashidani Q. binoiro taqviyat mebakhshad, surkhi va pardai aftodaero, ki chashmro torik mesozad, daf mekunad. Agar Q.-ro bikhurand, medaro quvvat mebakhshad, orug va hikkakro taskin medihad, bodhoi galizi az gizohoi badhazm paydoshudaro tahlil medihad, chakmezak va beikhiyor ravon shudani peshobro ba somon meorad.
Ba aqidai tabiboni khalqi agar Q.-ro bikhurand, ruhhoi nafsoni, hayvoni va tabiiro quvvat mebakhshad, uzvhoi raisa (dil, mayna, jigar, meda, gurda va g.)-ro mustahkam mekunad, girehhoi magzi sarro mekushoyad, surfai tar, ziqi nafas, diltapakro shifo medihad. Agar 1,75 g onro kufta, bo shiri navdushida har ruz bikhurand, bohro bagoyat ba harakat meovarad. Hurdani Q. ba gurda va rudaho zarar dorad.
Ad.: Sklyarovskiy L. YA., Selebnoe svoystva pishevikh rasteniy, M., 1972; Jizn rasteniy, t. 5, ch.2, M., 1981; Zohidov H., Kanzi shifo, D., 1998.

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