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Janrhoi razmi (jangi), asotiri, afsonaguyivu dostoni, tamsili va janri maishi

Janri razmi janri sanati tasviri buda, ba mavzui jang bakh- shida shudaast.

Janri razmi pesh az janri tarikhi ba vujud omadaast. Vay juzi tarkibii janri tarikhi mahsub meyobad, chunki dar tasvir joyi asosiro ishgol mekunad va ba muhoribaho, epizodhoi hayoti harbi bakhshida shudaast. Kalimai mazkur (az faronsavii bataille) dar tarjuma manoi «jang», «muhoriba», «muboriza» dorad.

«Tusatdan hujum qilish». A. Vereshagin
«Tusatdan hujum qilish». A. Vereshagin

Hamchunin misli janri tarikhi in janr az rassom inikosi haqiqii hodisaho, muboriza, zamoni jang, saru libosi harbiyon, asbobu afzoli onho va makhsusiyathoi digari hamon davrro talab menamoyad.

Razmnigor – rassome, ki mutakhassisi tasviri jang ast. V. Vere- shagin razmnigori mashhur ba hisob meraft.

Janri asotiri (yun. mythos – «guftor, rivoyat») tasvirest, ki kha- yoloti khalqhoi qadimro dar borai khudoho, qahramononi afsonavi va dilovarii onho ifoda menamoyad.

Janri afsonaguyivu dostoni ba hodisaho va qahramonon bakhshida shudaast, ki dar borai onho asotirho, rivoyatho, naqlu afsonaho, dostonhoi khalqhoi jahon naql menamoyand. Baroi ras- somon – tasavvuroti shakhsi dar borai asotir.

Janri tamsili (animal az kalimai lotini buda, manoyash «hayvon»). Rassomone, ki hayvonotro tasvir menamoyand, ani­malist menomand. Dar in janr rassomoni ziyod faoliyat me- namoyand. Rassomon-animalistho kushish mekunand na tanho ba shabohati zohiri noil shavand, balki dar aksho khislatero ini- kos namoyand, ki ba hayvon yo parrandai tasvirshavanda khos ast, to in ki fardiyati hayvon ifoda gardad. Binobar onho boyad khislat va mahalli istiqomati hayvonotro bidonand.

Mo dar kitob bo tasvirhoi hayvonoti zebo duchor meshavem, ki bo ranghoi tobon ifoda yoftaand. CHi qadare ki tasviri hayvonot takhayyuli va haqiqi boshand, onho moro beshtar ba khud jalb mena- moyand.

Janri maishi. Janre, ki tasviri hayoti hamaruzai inson, tamomi pahluhoi hayoti u: mehnat, istirohat, idu ruzhoi muqarrari, tarzi hayot va faoliyati asosii hayotiro faro megirad, janri maishi nomida meshavad.

«Ona». A. Sulaymanov
«Ona». A. Sulaymanov
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