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ISHQORGIYOH

ishkorgiyohISHQORGIYOH (Anabasis aphylla), rastaniest nimbutta. Az 20 to 80 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash sershokh, shokhchahoyash bugumdor, zudshikan. Bargash segusha, gulash maydai safed yo gulobi. Mevaash serobi mudavvar. May – iyun gul karda, avg. – sent. meva mebandad. Dar nishebii talu teppaho, shurzamin, shibogzorho, bazan chun alafi begona dar gandumzor meruyad. Dar mavzei Sirdaryo va q-kuhi Turkiston (dar balandii 350 – 1400 m az s.b.) pahn shudaast. Bargu poyai I.-ro dar davomi tobistonu tiramoh megundorand (davrai behtarini jamovari – az iyun to sent.).
Dar tibbi khalqi jushobi resha va bargu poyai I.-ro baroi muolijai sili shush, ziqi nafas, khunpartoi menushand, baroi muolijai amrozi pust (khorishak, ushkufa va g.) ba badan memoland. Hokai poyai onro chun davoi bahamovaranda ba zakhmho meposhand. Tabiboni khalqi naqei I.-ro baroi tabobati sil tavsiya medihand. Muvofiqi malumoti Abualii Sino nozuktarini I. safed va teztarini on sabz meboshad. Nim dirham (1,593g)-i on chakidani peshobro bozmedorad, az 5 dirhami on janini zinda yo murda meaftad. Sokinoni shim. Tojikiston pesh I.-ro chun vositai tamyizkunanda va insektisidi istifoda meburdand. Bo in maqsad onho taqr. 1 kg bargu poyai khushki I.-ro dar doka pechonda dar deg mejushonand va dar in ob liboshoro meshustand, obbozi mekardand. Jushobi onro baroi nest kardani hasharoti zararrason ba darakhton meposhidand.
I. binobar dar tarkibi khud doshtani anabazin insektisidi tasirash sakht mahsub meshavad. Tasiri farmakologii anabazin ba nikotin nazdik buda, ba guruhi zahrhoi gangliyavi mansub ast. Voyai kami on silsilai markazii asabro angekhta, nafaskashiro metezonad, fishori khunro baland mekunad, faoliyati gangliyhoi silsilai asabhoi nabotiro taqviyat mebakhshad; tasiri voyai ziyodi on falajsozanda ast.
Ad.: Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989; Kovaleva N. G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A. D., Lekarstennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh priminenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A. F., Grom I. I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Zohidov H., Kanzi shifo, D., 1998.

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