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ISHOL

isholISHOL (Diarrhoea), darunravi, ikhroji ziyodi najosati obakii ruda. I. aksulamal (reaksiya)-i muhofizi buda, hangomi on az organizm moddahoi zahrnok, mikroorganizmhoi bemoriovar, luob, mahsuli pusish, baze doruho khorij meshavand. I. alomati dig. bemoriho meboshad. Bemorihoi shadidi siroyati, mas., isholi khunin, tifi shikam, paratifho, vabo, zahroludi az khurok, gazaki muzmini ruda (enterokoliti muzmin, kolit), reshmarazi ruda va g. ba paydoishi I. musoidat mekunand.
Ikhtiloli hazmi khurok dar rohi boloii medayu ruda (judo nashudani shirai meda, narasidani shirai gadudi zeri meda va talkha, ikhtiloli jabbish dar rudai borik) boisi nosomonii qazoi hojat megardand. I. metavonad az ikhtiloli kori asab, shuri ehsosot, bim, iztirob va g. niz ba vujud oyad. Ba mizoj muvofiqat nakardani baze khurokho (shir, tukhm, sabzavot, meva) boisi ikhtiloli kori ruda megardand. Dar asnoi zahroludi az rangu bor, mahlulho, pestisidho, doruho niz I. ba amal meoyad.
Sababi paydoishi I.-ro faqat dar asosi malumoti laboratori, bakteriologi, tadqiqoti rentgenologi va endoskopi muayyan kardan mumkin ast. Az in ru, hangomi I. ba dukhturi bemorihoi siroyati murojiat kardan zarur ast. Ba dukhtur mufassal bayon kardani alomathoi bemori – ishol (chand marotiba mariz majbur ast, ki ba hojatkhona ravad), paydoishi hissi dard zimni qazoi hojat, rang, buy va gilzati najosat khele muhim ast. Ba najas omekhta shudani luob va khun baroi tashkhis ahamiyati kalon dorad; hamchunin qayd kardan lozim ast, ki khun ba najosat omekhta, luob khunolud, lakhtai khun siyohchatob ast yo ne. Agar I. takror shavad, boyad aniq namud, ki kadom omilho ba on musoidat mekunand (khurokvori, doru, vazi ruhiyu ehsosot va g.).
Bisyor odamon ba bemorkhonai amrozi siroyati bistari shudanro nakhosta, ba dukhtur murojiat namekunand. CHunin aqida nodurust ast, chunki az yak taraf dar dokhili bemorkhona siroyat yoftan nomumkin ast, az dig. taraf – faqat shakhsonero ba bemorkhona joygir mekunand, ki onho baroi atrofiyon manbai siroyat boshand yo az sababi bad budani salomati ba yorii dukhturoni bemorkhona muhtojand. Masalai dar bemorkhona tabobat kardani bemorro faqat dukhtur hal mekunad. To tashkhisi bemori marizro ba qadri imkon az dig. azoi oila judo karda, dar khonai alohida joy medihand, ba u kosa, piyola, tabaq, qoshuq va sachoqi alohida judo mekunand; dastaki darro bo mahluli gandzudo har zamon pok karda meistand. Bemoroni I. boyad khuroki serravgan, tundu tez, shir, sabzavot va mevaro kam istemol namoyand. Hudmuolija, khususan benazorat istemol kardani antibiotikhoi gunogun noravost. Zero onho zuhuri klinikii bemoriro tagyir doda, durust tashkhis kardani onro dushvor megardonand, aksulamalhoi gunoguni nomatlubro ba vujud meovarand yo kasaliro muzmin menamoyand.

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