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GULI HAYRi

althaea_officinalisGULI HAYRi (Althaea officinalis), gulkhayri, khayri, giyohest bisyorsola. Az 60 to 150 sm qad mekashad. Poyaash rostu sershokh, bargash dilshakl, gulash gulobii past, surkhchatob, bazan safed. G. kh. dar nimai duyumi tobiston shukufta, botadrij tukhm mebandad. Dar bog, kanori juy, sohili daryo, margzori namnok meruyad. Dar mavzehoi Zarafshon va Tojikistoni Janubi vomekhurad.
G. kh. rastanii dorui va asalovar ast. Bo maqsadi tabobati resha, bazan gul va bargi rastani istifoda meshavad. Reshai onro tiramoh yo avvali bahor megundorand. Onro reza (10 – 20 sm) karda, darhol mekhushkonand. Hosiyati davoii G. kh. az zamonhoi qadim malum ast. Abuali ibni Sino jushobi reshai onro baroi iloji suzishi masona, ruda va omosi maqad tavsiya dodaast. Ba aqidai u bargi G. kh. niz hamin khosiyatro dorost; onro hangomi isholi shadid istifoda mebarand. Jushobi tukhmi G. kh. tarashshuhoti badi zoishro toza karda, qabziyati peshobu sulfaro raf, sangi masonaro hal va khunpartoiro peshgiri menamoyad. Bargi G. kh. dar mavridi omoshoi sinai zanon va iltihobi shush mufid ast.
G. kh.-ro dar tibbi mardumi hangomi bemorihoi medayu ruda hamchun davoi taskinbakhsh vase istifoda mebarand. Hokai reshaashro hini muolijai iltihobi uzvhoi nafaskashi va darunravi ruze du marotiba badi khurok (1 – 2 g) ba kudakon medihand. Bo jushobi resha va bargu poyai G. kh. guluro obgardon mekunand va chashmro meshuyand. Jushobi tukhmi G. kh. khunro toza menamoyad. Gulu bargi onro hangomi nazlai (katari) rohhoi nafas va peshob istesol mekunand. Dar baze nohiyahoi Tojikiston bo qiyom yo jushobi bargu poyai G. kh. sarro meshuyand (muyro daroz mekunad). Afshurai G. kh.-i taru tozaro hamchun davoi isholovar yakjoya bo qaymoq ba kudakon medihand. Marhami az guli G. kh. va ordi gandum tahiyakardaro dar holati garmi ba zakhm, omosho va dumbal memoland.
Ba aqidai tabiboni khalqi bargi G. kh.-ro kufta ba zakhmho guzoshta bandand, dahani onhoro ba ham ovarda sihat mekunad; baroi khanozir shifo mebakhshad; puchak va hamchunin reshhoi rimdorro mepazonad va mekafonad; varamhoi piston va maqadro zud tahlil medihad. Tukhmi khushkashro kufta bo obi shirgarm bioshomand, sangi gurdaro merezonad. Agar 10,5 g reshai G. kh .-ro dar ob jushonda, on obro binushand, isholro mebandad, illati qulinjro shifo mebakhshad, suzishi peshob va varami rudahoro daf mekunad; agar onro dar ob jushonida, dar on ob daromada bikhoband yo bishinand, payvandhoi shakhshudaro narm mesozad.
Ad.: Kovaleva N.G., Lechenie rasteniyami, M., 1972; Turova A.D., Lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR i ikh primenenie, M., 1974; Gammerman A.F., Grom I.I., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya SSSR, M., 1976; Hodjimatov M., Dikorastushie lekarstvennie rasteniya Tadjikistana, D., 1989.

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