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Diabeti qand hangomi homiladori

Oyo parhezkuni kumak rasonida metavonad? Vayronshavii bardoshtkunii (tolerantnost)  glyukoza dar bayni homiladoron – hodisai kamchin nest. Az sababi ziyodshavii hajmi miqdori khun sarborii gadudi zeri meda niz ziyod meshavad. Agar on az uhdai vazifahoi funksionalii khud nabaroyad (korkard karda barovardani miqdori basandai insulin), darajai glyukoza baland meshavad va ba zani homilador tashkhisi «diabeti gestatsioni» guzoshta meshavad.

Diabeti Kand

Parhezkuniro yake az chorahoi rahmdilonai bisyor bemoriho hisobidan mumkin ast. Oyo on ba modaroni oyanda hangomi diabeti gestatsioni doshtanashon, kumak rasonida metavonad?

Ba sifati chorai peshgirikunandai (profilaktikai) diabeti gestatsioni, shumo metavoned yagon parhezkunii muayyanero rioya namoed, ki imkon medihad darajai glyukoza dar zinai baroi salomati bekhatar nigoh doshta shavad. In parhezkuni (dieta) metavonad ba on zanhoe niz, ki allakay bo in mushkilot ru ba ru gashtaand, kumak rasonad.

Qoiadhoi (prinsiphoi) asosii khurokkhuri hangomi giriftor budan ba diabeti gestatsioni:

  1. Kushish kuned, ki dar khurokhoyaton chi shakar va chi mahsulothoi dar tarkibashon miqdori ziyodi glkoza doshtaro istemol nakuned. Dar davrai homiladori glyukoza khele zud ba khun vorid meshavad va miqdori ziyodi insulin zarur meoyad, to in ki darajai glyukoza dar khun dar zinai meyori nigoh doshta shavad. SHakar ba bisyor mahsulotho ilova karda meshavad, az in ru etiketkahoro bodiqqat khonda baroed va agar shakar dar ruykhati ingridentho yake az avvalinho boshad, in mahsulotro dar khurokaton istifoda nabared. Ba gayr az in on mahsulothoero, ki dar tarkibashon ingredienthoi bo suffiksi «-oza» tamomshavanda dorand (sukroza, dekstroza va gayra), niz istemol nakuned. Ba joyi afshurahoi mevagi afshurahoi sabzavoti nushed yo haddi aqqal afshurahoi mevagiro faqat dar vaqti khurokkhuri nushed (on qadar tez ba tarkibi khun nameaftand). Mevahoi korkardnashuda az afshurahoi mevagi behtar meboshand, chunki az nakhhoe iborat hastand, ki ravandi jabbidashaviro sust megardonand.
  2. Ba istemoli karbogidrathoi (uglevodhoi) murakkab beshtar ahamiyat dihed. Sabzavotho, galladonagihoi korkardnashuda, non, lubiyogihoro istemol namoed. Karbogidrathoi in mahsulotho ba shumo miqdori kifoyai energiyaro medihand. Onho durudaroz hazm meshavand va in manoi onro dorad, ki gadudi zeri medai shumo baroi korkard karda barovardani miqdori zarurii insulin, vaqti basanda khohad dosht.
  3. Ba ratsioni khud khurokihoi nakhdorro dokhil kuned, ki az hujayraho boy meboshand. Parhezkunii (dietai) khudro bo mahsulothoe, az qabili sabzavotho, donagiho, galladonagihoi korkardnashuda, donagiho, chormagz, lubiyogiho va mevaho gani gardoned. Onho talaboti organizmro baroi insulin kamtar menamoyand.
  4. Istemoli gizohoi charbudorro ba meyor darored. Hangomi az had ziyod dar gizoho istemol kardani charbuho, ki dar tarkibi gushti sercharbu, ravgan, qaymoq, sarshir, kulchaqandho mavjud meboshand, samaranokii insulin kamtar megardad. Dar ayni zamon onhoro az ratsioni khud komilan bartaraf kardan ham mumkin nest, chunki bisyor vitaminhoe ki baroi sabzishi muqarrari va afzoishyobii janin zarurand, dar charbuho halshavanda meboshand. Dar ratsioni khud mohi va ravganhoi rastanigiro boqi guzored.
  5. Har ruz 3 marotiba bo hissahoi (porsiyahoi) na on qadar kalon va 3 marotiba gazidan khurok khured. Hurokkhuri kasri (judogona/zud-zud) baroi gadudi zeri meda on qadar mushkiliovar nest va darajai glyukoza dar khun ziyod nakhohad gasht.
  6. Pesh az khurok faqat khurdani mahsulothoe, ki az safeda va karbogidrathoi murakkab boy meboshand, mumkin meboshad. Varianti behtarin — seb, non az gallagihoi kholis (korkardnashuda) bo buridai paniri beravgan meboshad.
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