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DERMATOZHO

dermatoziDERMATOZHO (Dermatosis), bemorihoi pust, nomi umumii amrozi pust va zoidhoi on. Sababhoi D. gunogun meboshand. Dar kitobhoi tibbi taqr. 2 haz. D. qayd shudaand. Hususan psoriaz, ekzema, neyrodermit barin D. beshtar gustarish yoftaand. Bemorihoi rimnok, virusi va zanburugii pust niz bisyor duchor meoyand.
D. tasnifi yagona nadorand. Hangomi tartib dodani yak tasnifot az nishonahoi etiologi yo patogenezi istifoda mekunand (mas., fotodermatozho, allergodermatozho, bemorihoi zanburugi); dar mavridi tartib dodani tasnifoti digar alomathoi morfologii hasba (donachahoe, ki dar pust medamand) ba nazar girifta meshavand. Dar robita ba in D.-i bullozi (obilachavi), likhenho, keratozho va g. judo karda shudaand. Guruhi nisbatan kalonro allergodermatozho tashkil medihand. Onho az tasiri omilhoi allergiyaovari ekzogeni (beruni) ba vujud meoyand, mas., dermatithoi allergi, toksidermiya, ekzemai kasbi. Ba D.-e, ki bar asari omilhoi endogeni (dokhili) paydo meshavand, ekzema, neyrodermit, khorishak va g. mansuband.
Dar bayni bemorihoi siroyatii pust khususan bemorihoi rimnok (piodermiya), ki dar hama sinnu sol vomekhurand, beshtar ba mushohida merasand. Bemorihoi zanburugii pust niz mamul meboshand (mikrosporiya, tarikhofitiya, jarab). Guruhi judogonai D.-ro bemorihoe tashkil medihand, ki zanburughoi khamirmoyashakl ba vujud meorand (kandidozho); ba guruhi mazkur bemorihoi zanburugi (onikhomikoz, epidermofitiyai qadkashak, epidermofitiyai kafi po, shukufai sabusmonand) niz dokhil karda meshavand. Sababi paydoishi onho seraraqi, kori vaznini jismoni, rioya nakardani behdoshti shakhsi, libosi nomuvofiq va g. meboshand. Ba in guna bemoriho metavon dar hammom, dush, havzu kulho siroyat yoft.
Dar bayni bemorihoi siroyatii pust joi asosiro bemorihoi virusi – ozakh, mollyuski sori, tabkhol ishgol menamoyand. Gayr az in, siroyati tabkholi jarayoni D.-i allergiro vaznin megardonad (khususan baroi kudakoni khurdsol khavfnok ast). Az D.-i paraziti (angali) khorishak va leyshmanioz beshtar duchor meoyand. Leyshmanioz dar jumhurihoi Osiyoi Markazi khele pahn shudaast.
Pust dar mavridi baze bemorihoi digari organizm niz oseb meyobad, mas., hangomi sili pust, sklerodermiya, bemorii Addison, bemorii Itsenko-Kushing, diabeti qandi va g. Baze bemorihoi pust badfarjom buda, tabobati samaranoki onho yoft nashudaast (mas., melanoma, saraton, limfosarkoma va g.).

P.T. Zoirov.

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