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CHorvodori va parrandaparvari dar Tojikiston

Dar mohhoi yanvar-sentyabri soli 2018 dar hamai shaklhoi  khojagi 2313,5 hazor sar chorvoi kalon, az jumla 1195,3 hazor sar modagov, 5693,0 hazor sar gusfandu buz, 6452,1 hazor sar paranda va 82,2 hazor sar asp mavjud ast, ki nisbat ba hamin davrai soli guzashta sarshumori chorvoi kalon  37,3 hazor sar yo 1,6 foiz, az jumla modagov 23,1 hazor sar yo 2,0 foiz, gusfandu buz 98,4 hazor sar yo 1,8 foiz va paranda 1293,7 hazor sar yo 25,1 foiz, asp 1,5 sar yo 1,9 foiz ziyod gardid.

Tibqi malumoti omori ba holati 1 oktyabri soli 2018 dar korkhonahoi kishovarzi va khojagihoi dehqoni hamagi 1529175 tonna khuroki durusht zakhira karda shudaast, ki nisbat ba hamin davrai soli guzashta 149710 tonna yo 11,0 foiz ziyod ast.

chorvo-paranda

CHarogohho dar jumhuri manbai asosii tamini khuroki chorvo buda, dar miqyosi jumhuri ba 1-umi yanvari soli 2018 maydoni umumii charogohho 3832083 gektarro tashkil doda, az on dar viloyati Mukhtori Kuhistoni Badakhshon 734116 gektar, viloyati Sugd 784595 gektar, Hatlon 1227470 gektar va nohiyahoi tobei jumhuri  1085902 gektar meboshand. Az miqdori umumii charogohho 783684 gektar charogohhoi zimistona, 2 055 320 gektar tobistona, 714623 gektar bahoriyu tiramohi va charogohhoi doimo istifodashavanda 278458 gektarro tashkil medihand.

Boyad qayd kard, ki solhoi okhir binobar sababhoi tagyiryobii iqlim va tasiri manfii on ba past gardidani hosilnokii charogohho, makhsusan charogohhoi ba mintaqahoi aholinishin nazdik ovarda rasonidaast.

Az in lihoz, maqomoti dakhldorro zarur ast, ki bo maqsadi ziyod namudani hosilnokii charogohho va omoda namudani charogohhoi zimistona baroi chorvo chorahoi sarivaqti andeshand.

Dar soli 2018 dar miqyosi jumhuri 292 nuqtai bordorkunii suni, az jumla 77 dar bakhshi jamiyati va 215 dar bakhshi aholi faoliyat namuda, tavassuti in nuqtaho ba holati 1 oktyabri soli 2018-um 25628 sar chorvoi kalon suni bordor karda shuda, az hisobi bordorkunii suni 19995 sar gusolai khushzot girifta shud, ki nisbati hamin davrai soli guzashta giriftani nasli khushzot 1264 sar  ziyod ast.

Dar in davra dar hamai shaklhoi khojagidori istehsoli tukhm ba miqdori 285,1 mln. dona yo 132,2 foiz (69,4 mln. dona), gusht ba 135,8 hazor tonna yo 104,0 foiz (nisbat ba hamin davrai soli guzashta 5,2 hazor tonna), shir – 609,4 hazor tonna yo 101,8 foiz (10,5 hazor tonna), asal – 3569,0 tonna yo 100,2 foiz (5,6 hazor tonna), pashm – 6,2 hazor tonna yo 101,5 foiz (0,1 hazor tonna) va mohi ba 737,7 tonna yo 104,5 foiz (32,1 tonna) rasonida shud.

Hajmi istehsoli mahsuloti chorvoparvari dar nuh mohi solhoi 2014-2018 (hazor. tonna)

Istehsoli pilla 0,7 hazor tonna yo 84,0 foiz tamin gardid, ki nisbat ba hamin davrai soli guzashta (0,2 hazor tonna yo 17,4 bandi foiz) kohish yoft.

Sababi kohishyobii istehsoli pilla az hisobi sol az sol bo maqsadi vase namudani rohho va sokhtmonho, darakhtoni tut va tutzorho, inchunin sifati pasti tukhmi kirmak va khushksolii solhoi okhir, ki ziyoda az 50 gektar tutzorho khushk gashtaand, arzyobi megardad. Hamzamon sifati pasti tukhmi kirmak, ki asosi istehsoli pilla ba hisob meravad, tasiri khudro niz rasonid.

Bo nazardoshti mahdud budani zamini kishovarzi, masuloni soharo lozim ast, ki beshtar ba mahsuloti doroi arzishi baland az qabili mahsuloti chorvodori ba monandi gushti murg, tukhm, asal va mohi tavajjuh zohir namoyand.

Dar majmu, sohai kishovarzi dar nuh mohi soli 2018-um 4 foiz rushd karda boshad ham, surati rushdi on nisbat ba hamin davrai soli guzashta (6,1 foiz) 2,1 bandi foizi kam meboshad. CHi tavre dar bolo qayd gardid, az hisobi dar sathi zaruri tamin nakardani kishti ziroatho, istehsoli baze mahsuloti rastaniparvariyu chorvoparvari, istifodai samaranoki zaminho, ehtiyoji khojagiho bo mavodi zaruri, az jumla tukhmii khushsifat, nurihoi minerali va zahrkhimikatho ba amal omadaast.

Bo maqsadi halli masalahoi qaydgardida Vazorati kishovarziro zarur ast, ki yakjo bo vazoratu idorahoi dakhldor va moqomoti ijroiyai mahallii hokimiyati davlati chorahoi zaruriro rohandozi namoyand.

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